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Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Description: This report examines the current political state of Afghanistan at length, discussing the political background, security policy, and regional relations.
Date: November 8, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Moldova: A Pivotal Election?

Description: This report discusses Moldova's presidential election on October 30, 2016. This is the first time since 1996 that Moldova's president is being elected by a popular vote.
Date: November 4, 2016
Creator: Welt, Cory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Description: This report provides an overview of the situation in Ukraine. Following the February 2014 collapse of the Kremlin-supported government of President Viktor Yanukovych, there was an emergence of a pro-Western, pro-reform government and an energized public generally anxious to lessen Moscow's influence, committed to addressing the need for serious reform and determined to draw closer to Europe and the United States.
Date: October 27, 2016
Creator: Morelli, Vincent L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Elections Strengthen Georgia's Ruling Party

Description: This report discusses the country of Georgia's parliamentary elections, which domestic and international observers assessed as democratic, despite isolated violations and violent incidents.
Date: October 18, 2016
Creator: Welt, Cory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Kuwait: Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Description: This report examines Kuwait's relationships with its neighbors in the Persian Gulf, and its own political system which has been in turmoil since 2006. Kuwait remains pivotal to U.S. efforts to secure the Persian Gulf region because of its willingness to cooperate with U.S. strategy and military operations in the region and its proximity to both Iran and Iraq.
Date: September 29, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Armed Conflict in Syria: Overview and U.S. Response

Description: This report discusses the ongoing conflict in Syria and provides an overview of U.S. Policy responses. The rise of the insurgent terrorist group known as the Islamic State (IS, aka the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant or ISIL/ISIS) and Russia's military intervention on behalf of the Syrian government have reshaped debates over U.S. policy toward the ongoing civil conflict in Syria, now in its fifth year.
Date: September 28, 2016
Creator: Humud, Carla E.; Blanchard, Christopher M. & Nikitin, Mary Beth D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Brazil in Crisis

Description: This report briefly examines the political situation and discusses public opinion regarding the Rousseff Administration.
Date: September 14, 2016
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Prospects in Colombia: Cease-Fire, Peace Accord Vote, and Potential Disrupters

Description: This report discusses the political situation in Colombia after a peace accord negotiated over four years between the government of President Juan Manuel Santos and the country's largest insurgent group, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).
Date: September 14, 2016
Creator: Beittel, June S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Argentina: Background and U.S. Relations

Description: This report provides background on the political and economic situation in Argentina and U.S.-Argentine relations. It also summarizes political and economic conditions in Argentina and issues in Argentine-U.S. relations.
Date: September 6, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P. & Nelson, Rebecca M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Description: This report provides information and analysis relevant for Congress on the following: assessments of U.S.-Turkey relations, Turkish foreign policy, and Turkey's strategic orientation, Turkish efforts to cooperate with the United States against the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq, and key issues regarding Turkey's domestic politics.
Date: August 26, 2016
Creator: Zanotti, Jim & Thomas, Clayton
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations In Brief

Description: This report provides information and analysis on key issues related to Turkish foreign and domestic policy issues, particularly regarding the aftermath of the failed July 15-16, 2016 coup attempt.
Date: August 4, 2016
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Description: This report provides an overview of the situation in Ukraine. In February 2014, the Kremlin-supported government of Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych collapsed. The demise of the regime was brought about by bitter protests that had erupted in Kyiv's Maidan Square in late 2013 over the government's decision to reject closer relations with the European Union (EU) and by civil society's reaction to a brutal government response to the Maidan protestors.
Date: August 3, 2016
Creator: Morelli, Vincent L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Description: This report is divided into three major sections analyzing Cuba's political and economic environment, U.S. policy, and selected issues in U.S.-Cuban relations. Legislative initiatives in the 114th Congress are noted throughout the report, and four appendixes provide a listing of enacted measures (Appendix A), bills receiving some action in 2015 (Appendix B), bills seeing action in 2016 (Appendix C), and additional bills and resolution this Congress (Appendix D).
Date: August 1, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons

Description: This report discusses the current status of Pakistan's nuclear arsenal, which probably consists of approximately 110-130 nuclear warheads. Chronic political instability in Pakistan and Islamabad's military efforts against the Taliban and al-Qaeda have raised concerns about the security of the country's nuclear weapons. Some observers fear that Pakistan's strategic nuclear assets could be obtained by terrorists or used by elements in the Pakistani government; however, U.S. officials have generally expressed confidence in the security of Pakistan's nuclear weapons.
Date: August 1, 2016
Creator: Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Islamist Militant Threat in Bangladesh

Description: This report discusses the current security climate in Bangladesh in regards to terrorism. Bangladesh is attractive to jihadists because it is a politically destabilized Muslim majority nation that could offer inroads to both Burma, through the alienated Muslim Rohingya refugee group, or to neighboring India.
Date: July 21, 2016
Creator: Vaughn, Bruce
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Foreign Assistance as Colombia's Peace Talks on Cusp of Completion

Description: This report discusses the ongoing peace process in Colombia and the potential effects for U.S. policy. On July 18, 2016, the Colombian Constitutional Court approved a plebiscite to allow Colombian voters to decide the fate of the peace accord under negotiation between the government of President Juan Manuel Santos and the country's largest insurgent group, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).
Date: July 20, 2016
Creator: Beittel, June S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Turkey: Failed Coup and Implications for U.S. Policy

Description: This report briefly examines the failed coup in Turkey and what it means for U.S. foreign policy. On July 15-16, 2016, elements within the Turkish military tried, but failed, to seize political power from President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Prime Minister Binali Yildirim.
Date: July 19, 2016
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Brazil in Crisis

Description: This report examines the current political and economic climate in Brazil, which is in the midst of severe economic and political crises that are closely intertwined and unlikely to be resolved quickly.
Date: July 6, 2016
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Islamic State and U.S. Policy

Description: This report provides background on the Islamic State organization, discusses its goals, operations, and affiliates, reviews U.S. legislative and policy debates, and describes select FY2017 legislative proposals.
Date: June 27, 2016
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M. & Humud, Carla E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bahrain: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Description: This report discusses the current state of reform and foreign policy in Bahrain. Outward signs of the uprising against Bahrain's Al Khalifa ruling family that began on February 14, 2011 have diminished, but continued smaller demonstrations, opposition boycotts of elections, and incarceration of dissident leaders counter government assertions that Bahrain has "returned to normal."
Date: June 14, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Islamic State and U.S. Policy

Description: This report provides background on the Islamic State organization, discusses its goals, operations, and affiliates, reviews U.S. legislative and policy debates, and describes select FY2017 legislative proposals.
Date: June 14, 2016
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M. & Humud, Carla E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Description: This report examines the current political state of Afghanistan at length, discussing the political background, security policy, and regional relations.
Date: June 6, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Inspectors General: History, Characteristics, and Recent Congressional Actions

Description: This report provides background on the statutory creation of federal offices of inspector general (OIGs) and provides historical context for contemporary debates about the strengths and limitations of the offices. Federal inspectors general (IGs) are authorized to combat waste, fraud, and abuse within their affiliated federal entities; to execute their missions, OIGs conduct and publish audits and investigations--among other duties.
Date: June 2, 2016
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy & Greene, Michael
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Honduras: Background and U.S. Relations

Description: This report discusses various domestic issues in Honduras, including current political, economic and security conditions. It also examines the implications for U.S. policy.
Date: May 23, 2016
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department