Congressional Research Service Reports - 537 Matching Results

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Human Cloning

Description: This report discusses human cloning science and federal policy regarding human embryo research. It provides background on the topic, federal policies, state laws, Congressional actions, and ethical issues.
Date: July 20, 2006
Creator: Johnson, Judith A. & Williams, Erin D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Health Care for Veterans: Suicide Prevention

Description: This report focuses on suicide prevention activities of the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) within the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). The VHA's approach to suicide prevention is based on a public health framework, which has three major components: (1) surveillance, (2) risk and protective factors, and (3) interventions.
Date: February 23, 2016
Creator: Bagalman, Erin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Smallpox Vaccine Injury Compensation

Description: This report discusses the Public Safety Officers’ Benefits Program, which provides for compensation of individuals injured by vaccinations given as part of a countermeasure plan declared by the Secretary of Health and Human Services in preparation for potential hostile activities involving the smallpox virus.
Date: June 13, 2003
Creator: Thaul, Susan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

2009 H1N1 "Swine Flu": CRS Experts

Description: This report includes a table which provides access to names and contact information for CRS experts on policy concerns relating to swine influenza A virus (H1N1). Policy areas identified include: Identification, diagnosis, and surveillance of the virus; Treatment and prevention: antiviral drugs (Tamiflu, Relenza) and vaccines; Declarations of emergencies; Official plans and organizational responsibilities; and Restrictions on travel and trade.
Date: October 26, 2009
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pharmaceutical Supply Chain Security

Description: This report serves as a primer on pharmaceutical supply chain issues. It (1) describes the chain from manufacturer to patient, including where it is vulnerable; (2) summarizes current federal law, regulation, and FDA policies that Congress and the agency designed to protect the integrity of the final drug product, and indicates where those protections may falter; (3) notes state-level and professional association activities; and (4) discusses areas that Congress, FDA, and industry, health care, and patient stakeholders have suggested might be changed to increase the security of the pharmaceutical supply chain.
Date: October 31, 2013
Creator: Thaul, Susan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The 2009 H1N1 "Swine Flu" Outbreak: An Overview

Description: This report provides an introduction to the situation regarding the potential of a global human influenza pandemic caused by the new H1N1 flu strain. It includes a brief chronology of events; a discussion of key actions taken and authorities invoked by the WHO and the U.S. government; and information about key U.S. government pandemic flu planning documents.
Date: April 30, 2009
Creator: Lister, Sarah A. & Redhead, C. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The 2009 Influenza A (H1N1) "Swine Flu" Outbreak: An Overview

Description: This report provides an overview of key actions taken and authorities invoked by WHO and the U.S. government. First, it discusses the WHO process to determine the phase of a threatened or emerging flu pandemic and touches on a number of related issues. The report then examines actions taken by the Departments of Homeland Security and Health and Human Services and provides information about appropriations and funding for pandemic flu activities.
Date: May 5, 2009
Creator: Lister, Sarah A. & Redhead, C. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pfiesteria

Description: No Description Available.
Date: September 23, 1997
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.; Copeland, Claudia; Zinn, Jeffrey A. & Vogt, Donna U.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pfiesteria

Description: No Description Available.
Date: December 8, 1997
Creator: Buck, Eugene H.; Copeland, Claudia; Zinn, Jeffrey A. & Vogt, Donna U.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cloning: A Select Chronology, 1997-2003

Description: This report includes a selected chronology of the events surrounding and following the cloning of a sheep from a single adult sheep cell by Scottish scientists, which was announced in February 1997. The project was cosponsored by PPL Therapeutics, Edinburgh, Scotland, which has applied for patents for the techniques used. This chronology also addresses subsequent reports of other cloning experiments, including the first one using human cells. Information on presidential actions and legislative activities related to the ethical and moral issues surrounding cloning is provided, as well as relevant Web sites.
Date: August 19, 2003
Creator: Wright, Mary V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cloning: A Select Chronology, 1997-2003

Description: This report includes a selected chronology of the events surrounding and following the cloning of a sheep from a single adult sheep cell by Scottish scientists, which was announced in February 1997. The project was cosponsored by PPL Therapeutics, Edinburgh, Scotland, which has applied for patents for the techniques used. This chronology also addresses subsequent reports of other cloning experiments, including the first one using human cells. Information on presidential actions and legislative activities related to the ethical and moral issues surrounding cloning is provided, as well as relevant Web sites.
Date: March 10, 2003
Creator: Wright, Mary V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

AIDS in Africa

Description: Sub-Saharan Africa ("Africa" hereafter) has been more severely affected by AIDS than any other part of the world. Experts attribute the severity of Africa's AIDS epidemic to the region's poverty, women's relative lack of empowerment, high rates of male worker migration, and other factors. Health systems there are ill-equipped; AIDS' severe social and economic consequences are depriving Africa of skilled workers and teachers, and reducing life expectancy by decades in some countries. This report explains the AIDS crisis and surrounding issues in detail, as well as U.S. and international efforts to provide general and economic aid. Relevant U.S. legislation is also outlined.
Date: July 27, 2006
Creator: Cook, Nicolas
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

AIDS in Africa

Description: Sub-Saharan Africa has been far more severely affected by AIDS than any other part of the world. The United Nations reports that 24.5 million adults and children are infected with the HIV virus in the region, which has about 11% of the world's population but more than 64% of the worldwide total of infected people. This report discusses this issue in detail, including the cause of the African AIDS epidemic, the social and economic consequences, response and treatment, and U.S. policy.
Date: July 27, 2006
Creator: Cook, Nicolas
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Orlando Shooting Revives Debate over Restricting Blood Donations by Gay Men

Description: This report discusses new FDA guidance regarding blood donations from sexually-active gay men. Since the 1980s, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has recommended that men who have sex with men (MSM) be indefinitely deferred (i.e., permanently banned) from donating blood. This action was taken to help control the spread of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) through the blood supply.
Date: August 1, 2016
Creator: Redhead, C. S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cloning: A Select Chronology, 1997-2003

Description: This report includes a selected chronology of the events surrounding and following the cloning of a sheep from a single adult sheep cell by Scottish scientists, which was announced in February 1997. The project was cosponsored by PPL Therapeutics, Edinburgh, Scotland, which has applied for patents for the techniques used. This chronology also addresses subsequent reports of other cloning experiments, including the first one using human cells. Information on presidential actions and legislative activities related to the ethical and moral issues surrounding cloning is provided, as well as relevant Web sites.
Date: July 9, 2003
Creator: Wright, Mary V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department