Congressional Research Service Reports - 94 Matching Results

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The Measles: Background and Federal Role in Vaccine Policy

Description: This report presents basic information about measles, its history in the United States, available treatments to prevent individuals from contracting measles, and the federal role in combating measles--from funding, to research, to the authority of the federal government in requiring mandatory childhood vaccinations.
Date: February 9, 2015
Creator: Barry, Matthew B. & Cole, Jared P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Global Health Programs: FY2001-FY2011

Description: This report explains the role the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) plays in U.S. global health assistance, highlights how much the agency has spent on global health efforts from FY2001 to FY2010, and discusses how funding to each of its programs has changed during this period.
Date: April 7, 2010
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Form 1099 Information Reporting Requirements as Modified by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act

Description: This report discusses the modifications to IRC § 6041 made by § 9006 of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) and briefly discusses the penalties that can be imposed on persons that do not comply with these information reporting requirements.
Date: August 6, 2010
Creator: Pettit, Carol A. & Liu, Edward C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act (P.L. 112-144)

Description: This report provides a brief policy background narrative and an overview of provisions for each title of the Food and Drug Administration Safety and Innovation Act (FDASIA), P.L. 112-144. The legislation amends the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA) to expand the authority of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in performing its human drug, biological product, and medical device responsibilities.
Date: August 21, 2012
Creator: Thaul, Susan; Bagalman, Erin; Corby-Edwards, Amalia K.; Glassgold, Judith M.; Johnson, Judith A.; Lister, Sarah A. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR): Funding Issues After a Decade of Implementation, FY2004-FY2013

Description: This report outlines U.S. spending on global HIV/AIDS programs since the inception of the President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), analyzes global HIV/AIDS funding by other donors, and highlights key issues pertaining to funding that will face the 113th Congress as it considers the future of PEPFAR
Date: October 10, 2012
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Suicide Prevention Efforts of the Veterans Health Administration

Description: Responsibility for prevention of veteran suicide lies primarily with the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), within the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). The VHA Strategic Plan for Suicide Prevention is based on a public health framework, which has three major components: (1) surveillance, (2) risk and protective factors, and (3) prevention interventions. This report identifies challenges the VHA faces in each component of suicide prevention and discusses potential issues for Congress.
Date: February 3, 2012
Creator: Bagalman, Erin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Veterans Affairs: Presumptive Service Connection and Disability Compensation

Description: This report discusses presumptive service connection, its legislative history, and current challenges in making evidence-based determinations of presumptions. It also discusses the Agent Orange Act (P.L. 102-4) and suggests implications of the process established by the act for future presumptive service-connected determinations.
Date: November 18, 2014
Creator: Panangala, Sidath Viranga; Shedd, Daniel T. & Moulta-Ali, Umar
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Veterans Affairs: Presumptive Service Connection and Disability Compensation

Description: The purpose of this report is to examine the very complex and sometimes controversial policy issue of establishing presumptive service connection. The material in it is based in large part on VA's "Analysis of Presumptions of Service Connection," and IOM's "Improving the Presumptive Disability Decision-Making Process for Veterans" reports.
Date: September 13, 2010
Creator: Panangala, Sidath Viranga; Scott, Christine; Weimer, Douglas R.; Moulta-Ali, Umar & Nichols, James E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Veterans Medical Care: FY2011 Appropriations

Description: The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) provides benefits to veterans through three major operating units, one of which is the Veterans Health Administration (VHA), on which this report focuses. This report will track the FY2011 appropriations process for funding VHA, and will be updated as legislative activities warrant.
Date: July 27, 2010
Creator: Panangala, Sidath Viranga
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Title X (Public Health Service Act) Family Planning Program

Description: This report discusses the Family Planning Program, Title X of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. §§300 to 300a-6), which is the only domestic federal program devoted solely to family planning and related preventive health services. The report discusses various services related to Title X and also considers current legislation related to the program.
Date: January 23, 2013
Creator: Napili, Angela
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Prevalence of Mental Illness in the United States: Data Sources and Estimates

Description: This report briefly describes the methodology and selected findings of three large federally funded surveys that provide national prevalence estimates of diagnosable mental illness: the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R), the National Comorbidity Survey Replication Adolescent Supplement (NCS-A), and the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). This report presents prevalence estimates of any mental illness and serious mental illness based on each survey and ends with a brief discussion of how these prevalence estimates might inform policy discussions.
Date: April 24, 2013
Creator: Bagalman, Erin & Napili, Angela
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Veterans Health Administration and Medical Education: A Fact Sheet

Description: This report supplies facts about the Veterans Health Administration and its medical education. It describes the US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and its involvement in the medical training of health care professionals. The report also gives details on the VA's academic affiliations, its funding of physician training, and its ongoing graduate medical education (GME) expansion. Figure 1 on page 3 shows the amount the VA spent on education and training from FY2010 to FY2015.
Date: January 19, 2016
Creator: Heisler, Elayne J. & Panangala, Sidath V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Health Care for Veterans: Suicide Prevention

Description: This report focuses on suicide prevention activities of the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) within the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). The VHA's approach to suicide prevention is based on a public health framework, which has three major components: (1) surveillance, (2) risk and protective factors, and (3) interventions.
Date: January 30, 2015
Creator: Bagalman, Erin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Regulation of Clinical Tests: In Vitro Diagnostic (IVD) Devices, Laboratory Developed Tests (LDTs), and Genetic Tests

Description: In vitro diagnostic (IVD) devices are used in the analysis of human samples, such as blood or tissue, to provide information in making health care decisions. Examples of IVDs include pregnancy test kits or blood glucose tests for home use; laboratory tests for infectious disease, such as HIV or hepatitis, and routine blood tests, such as cholesterol and anemia; and tests for various genetic diseases or conditions. More recently, a specific type of diagnostic test--called a companion diagnostic--has been developed that may be used to select the best therapy, at the right dose, at the correct time for a particular patient; this is often referred to as personalized or precision medicine. This report provides an overview of federal regulation of IVDs by FDA, through the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Act (FFDCA) and the Public Health Service Act (PHSA), and by CMS, through the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) of 1988.
Date: December 17, 2014
Creator: Sarata, Amanda K. & Johnson, Judith A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The FDA Medical Device User Fee Program: MDUFA IV Reauthorization

Description: This report describes current law regarding medical device user fees, the impact of Medical Device User Fee and Modernization Act (MDUFMA) on Federal Drug Administration (FDA) review time of various medical device applications, and the agency's medical device program budget.
Date: June 6, 2016
Creator: Johnson, Judith A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Regulation of Clinical Tests: In Vitro Diagnostic (IVD) Devices, Laboratory Developed Tests (LDTs), and Genetic Tests

Description: In vitro diagnostic (IVD) devices are used in the analysis of human samples, such as blood or tissue, to provide information in making health care decisions. Examples of IVDs include pregnancy test kits or blood glucose tests for home use; laboratory tests for infectious disease, such as HIV or hepatitis, and routine blood tests, such as cholesterol and anemia; and tests for various genetic diseases or conditions. More recently, a specific type of diagnostic test--called a companion diagnostic--has been developed that may be used to select the best therapy, at the right dose, at the correct time for a particular patient; this is often referred to as personalized or precision medicine. This report provides an overview of federal regulation of IVDs by FDA, through the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetics Act (FFDCA) and the Public Health Service Act (PHSA), and by CMS, through the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) of 1988.
Date: March 27, 2014
Creator: Sarata, Amanda K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Immigration Policies and Issues on Health-Related Grounds for Exclusion

Description: This report discusses the criteria that foreign nationals must meet before admission to the United States including the reasons why a foreign national might be denied admission, most particularly on health-related grounds. It describes this issue in relation to the recent outbreak of the 2009 H1N1 ("swine flu") virus, and how the outbreak has affected various government agencies, such as the Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agency within the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). This report also discusses efforts to confront and address related issues on a legislative front.
Date: April 28, 2014
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs

Description: This report looks at ways that prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs), which maintain statewide electronic databases of prescriptions dispensed for controlled substances, can help to deter prescription drug misuse.
Date: March 24, 2014
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M.; Bagalman, Erin & Sacco, Lisa N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Legal Issues Relating to the Disposal of Dispensed Controlled Substances

Description: This report describes an issue that is the fastest-growing drug problem in the country -- the intentional use of prescription drugs for non-medical purposes. It is the second-most common form of illicit drug abuse among teenagers in the United States behind marijuana use. Several bills have been introduced in the 111th Congress that would create a legal framework governing disposal of controlled substances that have been dispensed to patients.
Date: September 24, 2010
Creator: Yeh, Brian T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department