Congressional Research Service Reports - 20 Matching Results

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The Constitutionality of the Withdrawal of All Federal Court Jurisdiction Over Questions Involving State-Sponsored Prayer in Public Schools and Public Buildings

Description: This report discusses several court decisions regarding the constitutionality of the withdrawal of all Federal Court Jurisdiction over questions involving state-sponsored prayer in Public Schools and Public Buildings.
Date: April 27, 1979
Creator: Ackerman, David M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Citizen Control Over Records Held by Third Parties

Description: The United States has become an information society. Government at every level and private industry have been collecting and using more personal information about individuals in the last several years than ever before. The Congress has been aware of this trend, and of the potencia1 for misuse of the information so collected; it has enacted several laws that protect the personal privacy of individuals, and respect the confidentiality of the information maintained about individuals by third parties. In this report, several privacy laws are summarized, and key provisions of each are compared, in order to make individual citizens aware of their rights , responsibilities and remedies under the law.
Date: December 8, 1978
Creator: Collins, Sarah P
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

No-Knock: Unannounced Forcible Entry Historically, In the States and in the Federal District of Columbia, Court Reform and Criminal Procedure Act of 1970, and Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act f 1970

Description: This report discusses the issue of unannounced forcible entry by police and laws regulating the practice both historically and in the D.C. Court Reform and Criminal Procedure Act of 1970 and Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act of 1970.
Date: December 16, 1970
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Latin American-United States Fishing Rights Controversy: Dilemma for United States Foreign Policy (1969-1971)

Description: This report discusses the controversy over fishing rights between the United States and three South American nations (Chile, Peru, and Ecuador) which culminated in the seizure of U.S. tuna fishing vessels by Peru and Ecuador in waters the U.S. considered outside their territorial jurisdiction. The main events of the controversy, diplomatic actions taken by the nations involved, and policy options are discussed.
Date: April 15, 1971
Creator: Hagen, Virginia M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Abortion: Legal Control

Description: The U.S. Supreme Court decisions in Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 112 (1973), and Doe v. Bolton, 410 U.S. 179, which held generally that a State could no longer prohibit abortions in the first 6 months of pregnancy, caused several House and Senate members to move for an abortion prohibition effectuated by congressional action. To this end, proposed bills and constitutional amendments have been introduced in both Houses. Rather than having settled the abortion question conclusively, the Supreme Court decisions have kindled a national protest movement.
Date: August 12, 1976
Creator: Hall, James
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Equal Rights Amendment (Proposed)

Description: The proposed Equal Rights Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was first introduced in 1923, and was passed by the Congress in 1972. In 1978, Congress extended the original deadline for ratification of the ERA. Thus, if it receives approval in the form of ratification by 38 States before June 30, 1982, the measure will become the 27th Amendment to the Constitution, and will require equal treatment under Federal and State laws and practices for all persons, regardless of sex.
Date: October 18, 1974
Creator: Holcomb, Morrigene
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Child Abuse: History, Legislation and Issues

Description: This report discusses child abuse legislation in United States, child abuse prevention and treatment, incidence of child abuse and neglect. The report provides a summary of major legislation in the 1st session of the 95th congress.
Date: January 13, 1978
Creator: Jones, Jean Yavis
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act of 1971 (P. L. 92-203): History and Analysis

Description: This report discusses the history of Alaskan indigenous peoples claims to their traditional lands under Russian and U.S. administration and the Alaska Native Claim Settlement Act of 1971 which gave formal land rights to the Alaskan indigenous peoples for their traditional lands.
Date: May 22, 1972
Creator: Jones, Richard S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Undeclared War and the Right of the Serviceman to Refuse Service Abroad: The Massachusetts Law and Further Judicial Development

Description: This report discusses the rights of service-members to refuse service abroad if the foreign service was in an undeclared war. The lawsuit of the State of Massachusetts which was brought against the federal government after the passage of a law in Massachusetts giving service-members this right is discussed as well as various other judicial decisions made in lower courts regarding the issue.
Date: December 1, 1971
Creator: Killian, Johnny H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Conscientious Objection and the Constitution: "Welsh v. United States" and Beyond

Description: This report discusses the Supreme Court case "Welsh v. United States" which considered the question of what constituted a religious belief that merited recognition as a conscientious objector. A judicial history of cases related to conscientious objection, analysis of the "Welsh" case, and Congressional options for dealing with the question of conscientious objection requirements are included.
Date: August 14, 1970
Creator: Killian, Johny H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The American Electoral College: Origins, Development, Proposals for Reform or Abolition

Description: This report is a comprehensive annotated bibliography of substantive books, monographs, articles, and documents treating the origins, evolution, and current operational characteristics of the U.S. electoral college system, as well as proposals for its reform or abolition. An explanatory introduction is provided for readers unfamiliar with the issue.
Date: June 2, 1979
Creator: Neale, Thomas H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Proposed Equal Rights Amendment

Description: This report discusses the proposed constitutional amendment known as the Equal Rights Amendment, which forbid limiting citizens rights because of their sex, which passed Congress in March 1972. The report discusses its legislative history, purpose, and arguments for and against the amendment.
Date: March 24, 1972
Creator: Van Helden, Morrigene Holcomb
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department