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Temporary Professional, Managerial, and Skilled Foreign Workers: Legislation in the 113th Congress

Description: This report provides legislative analyses of the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act (S. 744), as passed by the Senate, and the Supplying Knowledgebased Immigrants and Lifting Levels of STEM Visas Act (SKILLS Visa Act, H.R. 2131), as ordered reported by the House Committee on the Judiciary.
Date: September 30, 2014
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The National Directory of New Hires

Description: This report details the National Directory of New Hires - including its background, how data is managed in the directory, and concerns regarding the directory.
Date: February 24, 2014
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Labor Relations Statutes: An Overview

Description: This report provides a brief history and overview of the aims of these statutes: the Railway Labor Act (RLA) enacted in 1926, the National Labor Relations Act (NLRA), and the Federal Service Labor-Management Relations Statute (FSLMRS). It also discusses key provisions for each statute.
Date: February 14, 2014
Creator: Hegji, Alexandra
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Labor Relations Statutes: An Overview

Description: This report provides a brief history, including major amendments, of each of the three statutes. The discussion of each law begins with an overview of the statute and then discusses in more detail the key statutory provisions of the law and how the law is administered and enforced.
Date: September 5, 2014
Creator: Mayer, Gerald; Shimabukuro, Jon O. & Collins, Benjamin
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Federal Minimum Wage: In Brief

Description: This report discusses the minimum wage provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)that have been amended numerous times since 1938, typically for the purpose of expanding coverage or raising the wage rate.
Date: January 17, 2014
Creator: Bradley, David H.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Unemployment Insurance: Programs and Benefits

Description: This report describes three kinds of unemployment benefit programs: regular Unemployment Compensation (UC), Extended Benefits (EB), and Emergency Unemployment Compensation (EUC08). The report explains their basic eligibility requirements, benefits, and financing structure.
Date: February 12, 2014
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M. & Isaacs, Katelin P.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Manufacturing in International Perspective

Description: This report contains a series of charts and tables that depict the position of manufacturing in the United States relative to other countries according to various metrics.
Date: February 20, 2014
Creator: Levinson, Marc
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

State Minimum Wages: An Overview

Description: This report begins with a brief discussion of Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) minimum wage coverage. It then provides a summary of state minimum wage laws, followed by an examination of rates and mechanisms of adjustments in states with minimum wage levels above the FLSA rate. The report also discusses the interaction of federal and state minimum wages over time.
Date: November 18, 2014
Creator: Bradley, David H.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Selected Characteristics of Private and Public Sector Workers

Description: This report begins with an analysis of the trends in employment in the private and public sectors. The public sector is separated into employees of the federal government, state governments, and local governments. Next, the report analyzes selected characteristics of private and public sector workers.
Date: March 21, 2014
Creator: Mayer, Gerald
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Extending Unemployment Compensation Benefits During Recessions

Description: This report describes the history of temporary federal extensions to unemployment benefits from 1980 to the present. Among these extensions is the Emergency Unemployment Compensation (EUC08) program created by P.L. 110-252.
Date: October 1, 2014
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M. & Isaacs, Katelin P.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Taxation of Unemployment Benefits

Description: Unemployment compensation (UC) benefits have been fully subject to the federal income tax since the passage of the Tax Reform Act of 1986 (P.L. 99-514). Individuals who receive UC benefits during a year may elect to have the federal (and in some cases state) income tax withheld from their benefits. This report provides an overview of the taxation of UC benefits and legislation related to taxing UC benefits.
Date: March 6, 2014
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Returning to Full Employment: What Do the Indicators Tell Us?

Description: This report analyzes recent trends in labor market indicators during the current economic recovery, with a particular focus on the contrast between the unemployment rate and other labor market indicators. It reviews studies seeking to determine how much of the decline in the labor force participation rate is caused by the recession and how much is caused by structural factors (such as the aging of the labor force). It then considers whether the economy might reach full employment at a higher rate of unemployment compared to recent expansions.
Date: April 15, 2014
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Description: This report describes the nature and scope of the problem of trafficking in persons in Latin America and the Caribbean. It then describes U.S. efforts to deal with trafficking in persons in the region, as well as discusses the successes and failures of some recent country and regional antitrafficking efforts. The report concludes by raising issues that may be helpful for the 113th Congress to consider as it continues to address human trafficking as part of its authorization, appropriations, and oversight activities.
Date: January 28, 2014
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Constitutional Analysis of Suspicionless Drug Testing Requirements for the Receipt of Governmental Benefits

Description: This report gives an overview of the issues related to federal or state laws that condition the initial or ongoing receipt of governmental benefits on passing drug tests. These regulations are vulnerable to constitutional challenge, most often due to issues of personal privacy and Fourth Amendment protections against "unreasonable searches."
Date: January 29, 2014
Creator: Carpenter, David H.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Vulnerable Youth: Federal Mentoring Programs and Issues

Description: This report begins with an overview of the purpose of mentoring, including a brief discussion on research of structured mentoring programs. It then describes the evolution of federal policies on mentoring since the early 1990s and provides an overview of the components and funding for each of two recent (discontinued) federal mentoring programs, as well as a discussion of other federal mentoring initiatives that are currently funded.
Date: February 28, 2014
Creator: Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Vulnerable Youth: Employment and Job Training Programs

Description: This report provides an overview of federal employment programs for vulnerable young people. It begins with a discussion of the current challenges in preparing all youth today for the workforce. The report then provides a chronology of job training and employment programs for at-risk youth that began in the 1930s and were expanded or modified from the 1960s through the 1990s. It goes on to discuss the five youth programs authorized under the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA), and draws comparisons between these programs.
Date: January 13, 2014
Creator: Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Vulnerable Youth: Employment and Job Training Programs

Description: This report provides an overview of federal employment programs for vulnerable young people. It begins with a discussion of the current challenges in preparing all youth today for the workforce. The report then provides a chronology of job training and employment programs for at-risk youth that began in the 1930s and were expanded or modified from the 1960s through the 1990s. It goes on to discuss the five youth programs authorized under the Workforce Investment Act (WIA), and draws comparisons between these programs. Following this section is a detailed discussion of each of the programs.
Date: January 13, 2014
Creator: Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Unauthorized Aliens' Access to Federal Benefits: Policy and Issues

Description: This report focuses on the policy and legislative debate surrounding unauthorized aliens' access to federal benefits. The number of foreign-born people residing in the United States (40.7 million) is at the highest level in our history and, as a portion of the U.S. population, has reached a percentage (13%) not seen since the early 20th century.1 Of the foreign-born residents in the United States, approximately one-third are speculated to be unauthorized residents (often characterized as illegal aliens).
Date: September 22, 2014
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electronic Employment Eligibility Verification

Description: This report discusses the employment verification program that started out as a pilot program in November 1997 and it is currently authorized until September 30, 2015, in accordance with P.L. 112-176.
Date: January 9, 2014
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department