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Education Proposals in Trade Competitiveness Legislation

Description: Improvement on America's competitive position in international trade is one of the major issues confronting the 100th Congress. Most legislative proposals have included provisions for increasing the funding levels for Federal education programs, expanding current programs, or authorizing new programs. The primary goal is to improve the productivity of the Nation's workers by raising the skill level of the workforce. Discussions about education's role i n addressing the competitiveness issue have included the contribution of education to productivity growth, comparisons of the educational achievement of American school children with that of their peers in other nations , the educational needs of illiterate adults , and the role of technology in education.
Date: May 4, 1988
Creator: Irwin, Paul M & Riddle, Wayne C.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Job Training Programs: Reauthorization and Funding Issues

Description: This paper is divided into the following sections: (1) History of Federal Employment and Training Programs; (2) Reauthorization Issues; (3) Administration Legislative and Budget Proposals; and (4) Congressional Action.
Date: January 3, 1983
Creator: Spar, Karen
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Work Opportunity Tax Credit (WOTC) and the Welfare-to-Work (WtW) Tax Credit

Description: The Work Opportunity Tax Credit and Welfare-to-Work Tax Credit are temporary provisions of the Internal Revenue Code. Since their initiation in the mid-1990s, the Congress has allowed the credits to lapse four of the five times they were up for reauthorization. In each instance, they were reinstated retroactive to their expiration dates as part of large tax-related measures. The employment tax credits never have been addressed independently of broader legislation. This report describes the WOTC and WtW Tax Credit and outlines issues for members of Congress.
Date: September 16, 2005
Creator: Levine, Linda
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA): Reauthorization of Title I Job Training Programs

Description: Title I of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA) (P.L. 105-220), the country’s chief job training legislation, authorizes several job training programs, including Youth, Adult, and Dislocated Worker Activities; Job Corps; Youth Opportunity Grants; and programs for Native Americans, migrant and seasonal farmworkers, and veterans. The funding authorization for WIA programs expires on September 30,2003. On May 8, 2003, the House passed H.R. 1261, the Workforce Reinvestment and Adult Education Act of 2003. In addition to reauthorizing the Title I job training programs, the bill would also reauthorize the adult education and literacy programs and the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. This report focuses on provisions related to the Title I programs.
Date: May 27, 2003
Creator: Lordeman, Ann
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA): Reauthorization of Title I Job Training Programs

Description: Title I of the Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA) (P.L. 105-220), the country’s chief job training legislation, authorizes several job training programs, including Youth, Adult, and Dislocated Worker Activities; Job Corps; Youth Opportunity Grants; and programs for Native Americans, migrant and seasonal farmworkers, and veterans. The funding authorization for WIA programs expires on September 30,2003. On March 6, 2003, the Administration released its proposal for reauthorization of the Title I programs. On March 27, 2003, the House Committee on Education and the Workforce approved H.R. 1261, as amended, the Workforce Reinvestment and Adult Education Act of 2003. In addition to reauthorizing the Title I job training programs, the bill would also reauthorize the adult education and literacy programs and the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. This report focuses on provisions related to the Title I programs.
Date: April 4, 2003
Creator: Lordeman, Ann
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Work Opportunity Tax Credit and the 105th Congress

Description: The Work Opportunity Tax Credit (WOTC) was initiated in the Small Business Job Protection Act of 1996 (P.L. 104-188). It is a temporary measure intended to encourage for-profit employers to hire members of specifically designated groups thought to experience recurring problems in the labor market. This document describes the WOTC and identifies issues for members of the 105th Congress.
Date: May 14, 1998
Creator: Levine, Linda
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department