Congressional Research Service Reports - Browse

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Human Rights and U.S. Foreign Policy

Description: Following a review of such broad policy issues, this report treats specific human rights issues of current interest. Discussions of controversy over the selection of an Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights and Humanitarian Affairs and of human rights policy at the international financial institutions are followed by reviews of U.S. human rights policy toward Argentina, El Salvador, Nicaragua, South Africa, and the Soviet Union.
Date: November 24, 1982
Creator: Bite, Vita
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Lord's Resistance Army: The U.S. Response

Description: This report discusses the background and history of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) and the U.S.'s response. The LRA is a small armed group that originated in northern Uganda in 1987 and is currently operating in remote border areas between the Central African Republic (CAR), Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), South Sudan, and Sudan. The LRA's actions--which include massacres, abductions (notoriously of children), sexual assault, and looting--have caused humanitarian suffering and instability.
Date: September 28, 2015
Creator: Arieff, Alexis; Ploch Blanchard, Lauren & Husted, Tomas F.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

International Criminal Court Cases in Africa: Status and Policy Issues

Description: This report provides background on current International Criminal Court (ICC) cases and examines issues raised by the ICC's actions in Africa, including the potential deterrence of future abuses and the potential impact on African peace processes.
Date: September 12, 2008
Creator: Arieff, Alexis; Margesson, Rhoda & Browne, Marjorie Ann
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

2015 Leaders' Summit on U.N. Peacekeeping

Description: This report discusses the outcome of the 2015 Leaders' Summit on U.N. Peacekeeping, which might elevate ongoing congressional interest in several policy issues related to U.N. peacekeeping.
Date: October 5, 2015
Creator: Weed, Matthew C. & Blanchfield, Luisa
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Turkey: Update on Crisis of Identity and Power

Description: This report discusses the current political situation in Turkey and its relations with Untied States.
Date: September 2, 2008
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Russian Compliance with the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report describes the current status of the INF Treaty and highlights issues that Congress may address as the United States pursues its compliance concerns with Russia. It includes a historical overview and summary of the provisions of the INF Treaty and Russia's concerns with U.S. compliance with the treaty and concludes with a discussion of options that the United States might pursue to address its concerns with Russia's activities and options that it might pursue if Russia deploys new INF-range missiles.
Date: October 13, 2015
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

International Climate Change Negotiations: What to Expect in Paris, December 2015

Description: This report identifies critical issues regarding the expected Paris Agreement and a Decision that would give effect to the Agreement. The Congressional Research Service (CRS) draws on the draft negotiating texts, publicly available reports, and commentaries to suggest likely outcomes.
Date: November 27, 2015
Creator: Leggett, Jane A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iran Nuclear Agreement

Description: This report provides background on the agreement negotiated by Iran and six other countries (the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Russia, China, and Germany--collectively known as the P5+1) regarding Iran's nuclear program, and discusses the implications for U.S.-Iran relations.
Date: November 20, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth & Kerr, Paul K.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Description: This report is divided into three major sections analyzing Cuba's political and economic environment, U.S. policy, and selected issues in U.S.-Cuban relations. A final section of the report provides a listing of bills and resolutions introduced in the 114th Congress.
Date: November 25, 2015
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iran Nuclear Agreement

Description: This report discusses the recently finalized Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) that attempts to ensure that Iran's nuclear program can be used for purely peaceful purposes, in exchange for a broad suspension of U.S. sanctions and a lifting of those sanctions imposed by the European Union (EU) and the United Nations.
Date: September 29, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth & Kerr, Paul K.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

South Africa: Current Issues and U.S. Relations

Description: This report discusses political, social, and economic issues in South Africa, as well as the country's relationship to the United States.
Date: January 16, 2009
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.N. Convention Against Torture (CAT): Overview and Application to Interrogation Techniques

Description: This report discusses the United Nations Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT) requires signatory parties to take measures to end torture within their territorial jurisdiction and to criminalize all acts of torture.
Date: January 26, 2009
Creator: Garcia, Michael J.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nigeria

Description: This report discusses the current political climate of Nigeria and the resulting issues for Congress. Nigeria, the most populous nation in Africa, with an estimated 146 million people, is one of the United States government's key strategic partners on the continent.
Date: February 20, 2009
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

South Africa: Current Issues and U.S. Relations

Description: This report looks at the relationship between the United States and South Africa. Topics include: foreign policy issues; health (in particular HIV/AIDS) reform; economics and electricity shortages; and corruption in South African politics.
Date: October 7, 2008
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Kurds in Post-Saddam Iraq

Description: This report provides a brief overview of the major issues facing the Iraqi Kurds. The Iraqi Kurds' political autonomy, demands, and ambitions are causing friction with Christian and other minorities in the north, Prime Minister Nuri al-Maliki and other Arab leaders of Iraq, neighboring Turkey, and Iran. The U.S. ability to keep these tensions contained could wane as U.S. forces, as planned, draw down from Iraq over the next three years.
Date: January 8, 2009
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Infringement of Intellectual Property Rights and State Sovereign Immunity

Description: This report discusses the Eleventh Amendment and the concept of state sovereign immunity. Although the amendment appears to be focused on preventing suits against a state by non-residents in federal courts, the U.S. Supreme Court has expanded the concept of state sovereign immunity to reach much further than the literal text of the amendment, to include immunity from suits by the states' own citizens and immunity from suits under federal law within a state's own court system.
Date: September 17, 2008
Creator: Todd Garvey & Yeh, Brian T.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cuba: Issues for the 111th Congress

Description: This report tracks developments in U.S. policy toward Cuba and legislative initiatives in the 111th Congress.
Date: February 25, 2009
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iran's Foreign Policy

Description: This report provides an overview of Iran's foreign policy, which has been a subject of numerous congressional hearings and of sanctions and other legislation for many years. The report analyzes Iranian foreign policy as a whole and by region.
Date: November 25, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iran Nuclear Agreement

Description: This report discusses the recently finalized Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) that attempts to ensure that Iran's nuclear program can be used for purely peaceful purposes, in exchange for a broad suspension of U.S., European Union (EU), and United Nations sanctions.
Date: October 27, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth & Kerr, Paul K.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Yemen: Civil War and Regional Intervention

Description: This report provides material on the latest crisis in Yemen and the U.S. policy response. To date, more than 100 Saudi soldiers and 50 UAE troops have been killed in the war--the highest death toll for the UAE in any military operation abroad since the country was founded in 1971.
Date: October 2, 2015
Creator: Sharp, Jeremy M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iran's Foreign Policy

Description: This report provides an overview of Iran's foreign policy, which has been a subject of numerous congressional hearings and of sanctions and other legislation for many years. The report contains some specific information on Iran's relations with these countries, but refers to other CRS reports for more detail, particularly on the views of individual countries towards Iran. The report also makes reference to Iran's efforts to utilize its ties to various countries to try to mitigate the effects of U.S. sanctions.
Date: September 25, 2015
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department