Congressional Research Service Reports - 174 Matching Results

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Port and Maritime Security: Background and Issues for Congress
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Port and Maritime Security: Background and Issues for Congress
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Critical Infrastructure Information Disclosure and Homeland Security
This report discusses the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) that was passed to ensure by statute citizen access to government information. Nine categories of information may be exempted from disclosure. Three of the nine exemptions provide possible protection against the release of critical infrastructure information: exemption 1 (national security information); exemption 3 (information exempted by statute); and exemption 4 (confidential business information). Congress has considered several proposals to exempt critical infrastructure information from the FOIA.
Critical Infrastructure Information Disclosure and Homeland Security
This report discusses the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) that was passed to ensure by statute citizen access to government information. Nine categories of information may be exempted from disclosure. Three of the nine exemptions provide possible protection against the release of critical infrastructure information: exemption 1 (national security information); exemption 3 (information exempted by statute); and exemption 4 (confidential business information). Congress has considered several proposals to exempt critical infrastructure information from the FOIA.
Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector
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Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector
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Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector
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Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector
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Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector
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Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector
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Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector
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Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector
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Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector
The possibility of damage to or destruction of the nation's water supply and water quality infrastructure by terrorist attack has gained substantial attention since the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. Policymakers are considering a number of initiatives, including enhanced physical security, better communication and coordination, and research. A key issue is how such security measures will be funded. Committees in the 109th Congress have approved legislation to support vulnerability assessments in federal and non-federal wastewater treatment plants and utility systems.
Terrorism and Security Issues Facing the Water Infrastructure Sector
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How to Find Information in a Library
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How to Find Information in a Library and on the Internet
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Aging Infrastructure: Dam Safety
To help inform discussions on the federal role in dam safety, this report provides background information on the nation’s dam safety activities and funding mechanisms.
Electric Reliability: Options for Electric Transmission Infrastructure Improvements
The electric utility industry is inherently capital intensive. At the same time, the industry must operate under a changing and sometimes unpredictable regulatory system at both the federal and state level. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 has set in place government activities intended to relieve congestion on the transmission system. Several factors have contributed to the lack of new transmission capacity; these are outlined within this report. This report also discusses earlier pieces of energy legislation.
Electric Reliability: Options for Electric Transmission Infrastructure Improvements
The electric utility industry is inherently capital intensive. At the same time, the industry must operate under a changing and sometimes unpredictable regulatory system at both the federal and state level. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 has set in place government activities intended to relieve congestion on the transmission system. Several factors have contributed to the lack of new transmission capacity; these are outlined within this report. This report also discusses earlier pieces of energy legislation.
Protecting New Orleans: From Hurricane Barriers to Floodwalls
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Protecting New Orleans: From Hurricane Barriers to Floodwalls
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Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Infrastructure Security: Issues for Congress
This report provides an overview of industry and federal activities related to LNG security. The report describes U.S. LNG infrastructure, the industry's safety record and security risks, and the industry's security initiatives since September 11, 2001. It summarizes recent changes in federal LNG and maritime security law and related changes in the security roles of federal agencies. The report discusses several policy concerns related to federal LNG security efforts: 1) public costs of marine security, 2) uncertainty regarding LNG terrorism risks, and 3) security implications of promoting U.S.-flagged LNG tankers and U.S. crews.
Rural Water Supply and Sewer Systems: Background Information
This report discusses the Safe Drinking Water Act and the Clean Water Act, which impose requirements regarding drinking water quality and wastewater treatment in rural areas. Approximately 27% of the U.S. population lives in areas defined by the Census Bureau as rural. Many rural communities need to complete water and waste disposal projects to improve the public health and environmental conditions of their citizens.
Western Water Resource Issues
This report discusses the debate over western water resources, which revolves around the issue of how best to plan for and manage the use of this renewable, yet sometimes scarce and increasingly sought after, resource.
Ports in Louisiana: New Orleans, South Louisiana, and Baton Rouge
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Western Water Resource Issues
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Western Water Resource Issues
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Western Water Resource Issues
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Western Water Resource Issues
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Western Water Resource Issues
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Western Water Resource Issues
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Western Water Resource Issues
For more than a century, the federal government has constructed water resource projects for a variety of purposes, including flood control, navigation, power generation, and irrigation. Growing population and changing values have increased demands on water supplies and river systems, resulting in water use and management conflicts throughout the country, particularly in the West, where the population is expected to increase 30% in the next 20-25 years. Debate over western water resources revolves around the issue of how best to plan for and manage the use of this renewable, yet sometimes scarce and increasingly sought after, resource. The 109th Congress is considering a number of bills on western water issues, including title transfer, water recycling, and rural water supply legislation, as well as Indian water rights settlement legislation.
Western Water Resource Issues
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Western Water Resource Issues
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Federal Disaster and Emergency Assistance for Water Infrastructure Facilities and Supplies
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Maritime and Port Security: A Comparison of Major Provisions of S. 1214 and H.R. 3983
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Maritime and Port Security: A Comparison of Major Provisions of S. 1214 and H.R. 3983
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Maritime and Port Security: A Comparison of Major Provisions of S. 1214 and H.R. 3983
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Western Water Resource Issues
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Western Water Resource Issues
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Western Water Resource Issues
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Western Water Resource Issues
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The Americans with Disabilities Act: Legislation Concerning Notification Prior to Initiating Legal Action
The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) provides broad nondiscrimination protection in employment, public services, and public accommodation and services operated by private entities. Since the 106th Congress, legislation has been introduced to require plaintiffs to provide notice to the defendant prior to filing a complaint regarding public accommodations. In the 109th Congress, H.R. 2804 was introduced by Representative Foley to amend title III of the ADA to require notification.
Terrorist Nuclear Attacks on Seaports: Threat and Response
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Terrorist Nuclear Attacks on Seaports: Threat and Response
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Terrorist Nuclear Attacks on Seaports: Threat and Response
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Terrorist Nuclear Attacks on Seaports: Threat and Response
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Terrorist Nuclear Attacks on Seaports: Threat and Response
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Terrorist Nuclear Attacks on Seaports: Threat and Response
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Terrorist Nuclear Attacks on Seaports: Threat and Response
No Description Available.