Congressional Research Service Reports - Browse

ABOUT BROWSE FEED

Military Base Closures: Socioeconomic Impacts

Description: This report provides background on military base closures and an analysis of community economic impacts, planning for economic redevelopment, and environmental cleanup following closures. The most recent Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) Commission rejected 13 of the initial Department of Defense recommendations, significantly modified the recommendations for 13 other installations, and approved 22 major closures.
Date: January 13, 2009
Creator: Cowan, Tadlock & Gonzales, Oscar R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Foreign Investor Visas: Policies and Issues

Description: This report provides a brief legislative background, discussions of immigrant and nonimmigrant investor's visas, a comparison of U.S. and Canadian immigrant investor programs, an analysis of the relationship between investment and migration, and finally a review of current issues.
Date: February 24, 2009
Creator: Haddal, Chad C.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Temporary Protected Status: Current Immigration Policy and Issues

Description: This report is a brief overview of current policies regarding temporary protected status (TPS), which is relief from removal under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). It includes information about humanitarian migrants, temporary protected status, other blanket forms of relief, nationalities receiving protections, and issues with TPS, as well as recent legislation.
Date: September 2, 2015
Creator: Seghetti, Lisa; Ester, Karma & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Long Range Strike Bomber Begins to Emerge

Description: This report discusses the U.S. Air Force's top three procurement priorities, including the LRS-B program, which is intended to yield 80 to 100 strategic bombers to replace aging B-52s and B-1s, beginning in the mid-2020s.
Date: September 2, 2015
Creator: Gertler, Jeremiah
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Immigration Consequences of Criminal Activity

Description: This report discusses the potential immigration consequences of criminal activity. "Criminal activity" generally refers to conduct for which an alien has been found or plead guilty before a court of law, though in limited circumstances consequences may attach to the commission of a crime or admission of acts constituting the essential elements of a crime.
Date: June 2, 2008
Creator: Kim, Yule & Garcia, Michael John
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Visa Waiver Program

Description: This report discusses the visa waiver program (VWP), which allows for a bypass of the first step by which foreign visitors are screened for admissibility to enter the United States. Some policymakers are concerned that this waiver allows terrorists to more easily enter the country. The report provides waiver-related statistics and related legislation.
Date: January 30, 2009
Creator: Siskin, Alison
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Sanctuary Jurisdictions and Criminal Aliens: In Brief

Description: This report examines the interplay between the federal government -- i.e., Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) -- and state and local jurisdictions in enforcing immigration law, with a specific focus on noncitizens who have been convicted of a crime. It briefly outlines the evolution of the cooperation among law enforcement agencies, then discusses current administrative efforts to involve state and local law enforcement, and explores major programs and federal resources available to those agencies that cooperate with ICE to enforce immigration law.
Date: July 24, 2015
Creator: Kandel, William A. & Seghetti, Lisa
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Financial Regulatory Improvement Act Included in Senate Appropriations Bill

Description: This report highlights some of the major policy proposals included in S. 1484, as reported by the Senate Banking Committee on June 2, 2015. The text of the bill was among the financial regulatory changes included in the FY2016 Financial Services and General Government Appropriations Act (S. 1910). S. 1484 encompasses a broad package of reforms to the financial regulatory system, including some changes to the Dodd-Frank Act (P.L. 111-203).
Date: August 27, 2015
Creator: Hoskins, Sean M.; Labonte, Marc & Webel, Baird
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Unaccompanied Alien Children: An Overview

Description: This report opens with an analysis of recent unaccompanied alien children (UAC) apprehension data. It then discusses current policy on the treatment, care, and custody of the population, with a description of the responsibilities of each federal agency involved with the population. The report then discusses both administrative and congressional actions to deal with the UAC surge in FY2014 and ongoing action to address possible future surges.
Date: August 18, 2015
Creator: Kandel, William A. & Seghetti, Lisa
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Europe's Migration and Refugee Crisis

Description: This report discusses the migration and refugee crisis in Europe, as people flee conflict and poverty in neighboring regions. Many are from the Middle East and Africa; others come from Ukraine, as well as Kosovo and elsewhere in the Western Balkans. Experts have characterized the influxes as mixed migration, defined as flows of different groups of people--such as economic migrants, refugees, asylum-seekers, stateless persons, trafficked persons, and unaccompanied children--who travel the same routes and use the same modes of transportation.
Date: September 4, 2015
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Margesson, Rhoda
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Syrian Refugee Admissions to the United States

Description: This report briefly discusses issues regarding refugees fleeing from Syria. With some European countries pledging to accept increased numbers of Syrian and other asylum seekers in the face of a refugee crisis, attention is focused on the United States and its plans to admit Syrian and other refugees in FY2016 and beyond.
Date: September 10, 2015
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Immigration-Related Document Fraud: Overview of Civil, Criminal, and Immigration Consequences

Description: This report discusses the primary civil, criminal, and immigration-related penalties associated with immigration-related document fraud. In order to enter or remain in the United States and be eligible for various immigration-related benefits, non-citizens (aliens) must comply with a number of document requirements under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA).
Date: January 23, 2009
Creator: Kim, Yule & Garcia, Michael J.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Dominican Republic: Tensions with Haiti over Citizenship and Migration Issues

Description: This report discusses the dispute between the Dominican Republic and Haiti regarding the citizenship status of some 200,000 Dominicans of Haitian descent, as well as undocumented migrants in the Dominican Republic, which threatens to exacerbate tensions between the two neighbors.
Date: July 15, 2015
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare; Margesson, Rhoda & Taft-Morales, Maureen
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

State and Local Restrictions on Employing, Renting Property to, or Providing Services for Unauthorized Aliens: Legal Issues and Recent Judicial Developments

Description: This report discusses the constitutional issues raised in relation to state and local laws intended to deter the presence of unauthorized aliens, along with the implications that federal civil rights statutes might have on the implementation and enforcement of measures restricting such persons' ability to obtain employment, housing, or other state and local benefits or services.
Date: May 8, 2009
Creator: Kim, Yule; Feder, Jody & Smith, Alison M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Electronic Employment Eligibility Verification

Description: This report discusses E-Verify, a program in which participating employers submit information about their new hires (name, date of birth, Social Security number, immigration/citizenship status, and alien number, if applicable) from the I-9 form. This information is automatically compared with information in Social Security Administration and, if necessary, DHS databases to verify identity and employment eligibility.
Date: March 13, 2009
Creator: Bruno, Andorra
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Immigration Policy on Permanent Admissions

Description: This report discusses the four major principles underlie current U.S. policy on permanent immigration: the reunification of families, the admission of immigrants with needed skills, the protection of refugees, and the diversity of admissions by country of origin.
Date: March 9, 2009
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Immigration of Foreign Workers: Labor Market Tests and Protections

Description: This report discusses ยง1611, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, which requires companies receiving Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP) funding to comply with the more rigorous labor market rules of H-1B dependent companies if they hire foreign workers on H-1B visas.
Date: March 20, 2009
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Enforcing Immigration Law: The Role of State and Local Law Enforcement

Description: This report examines some of the policy and legal issues that may accompany an increased role of state and local law officials in the enforcement of immigration law.
Date: March 11, 2009
Creator: Seghetti, Lisa M.; Ester, Karma & Garcia, Michael J.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Border Security: Barriers Along the U.S. International Border

Description: This report analyzes the barriers that are currently being constructed and maintained along the border by the U.S. Border Patrol (USBP), including historical and future cost estimates and the policy issues involved. Because the current debate has largely focused on the deployment of fencing to the border, this report will focus on the policy issues surrounding the construction of border fencing.
Date: March 16, 2009
Creator: Haddal, Chad C.; Kim, Yule & Garcia, Michael J.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Temporary Protected Status: Current Immigration Policy and Issues

Description: This report is a brief overview of current policies regarding temporary protected status (TPS), which is relief from removal under the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). It includes information about humanitarian migrants, temporary protected status, other blanket forms of relief, nationalities receiving protections, and issues with TPS, as well as recent legislation.
Date: July 1, 2015
Creator: Seghetti, Lisa; Ester, Karma & Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Immigration Policy on Permanent Admissions

Description: This report discusses the four major principles underlie current U.S. policy on permanent immigration: the reunification of families, the admission of immigrants with needed skills, the protection of refugees, and the diversity of admissions by country of origin.
Date: February 29, 2009
Creator: Wasem, Ruth Ellen
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

State and Local "Sanctuary" Policies Limiting Participation in Immigration Enforcement

Description: This report discusses legal issues related to state and local measures that limit law enforcement cooperation with federal immigration authorities. The report begins by providing a brief overview of the constitutional principles informing the relationship between federal immigration authorities and state and local jurisdictions, including the federal government's power to preempt state and local activities under the Supremacy Clause, and the Tenth Amendment's proscription against Congress directly "commandeering" the states to administer a federally enacted regulatory scheme.
Date: July 10, 2015
Creator: Garcia, Michael J. & Manuel, Kate M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department