Congressional Research Service Reports - Browse

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The Department of Housing and Urban Development: FY2008 Appropriations

Description: This report tracks the FY2008 congressional appropriations process and provides a detailed discussion of the funding and issues related to the majority of accounts in HUD’s budget.
Date: January 16, 2008
Creator: McCarty, Maggie; Perl, Libby; Foote, Bruce E.; Boyd, Eugene & Peterson, Meredith
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Veterans and Homelessness

Description: The wars in Iraq and Afghanistan have brought renewed attention to the needs of veterans, including the needs of homeless veterans. Homeless veterans initially came to the country’s attention in the 1970s and 1980s, when homelessness generally was becoming a more prevalent and noticeable phenomenon. This report defines the term “homeless veteran,” discusses attempts to estimate the number of veterans who are homeless, and presents the results of studies regarding the demographic characteristics of homeless veterans as well as those served in VA homeless programs. The second section of this report summarizes the available research regarding the overrepresentation of both male and female veterans, who have been found to be present in greater percentages in the homeless population than their percentages in the general population. The third section of this report discusses programs to fund services and transitional housing specifically for homeless veterans.
Date: May 9, 2011
Creator: Perl, Libby
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Issues Related to the Provision of Housing and Utilities to Employees

Description: Over 3,200 state employees receive free, state-subsidized housing and utilities; live in state-owned properties for a nominal monthly rate; or receive monthly cash payments in lieu of in-kind housing benefits. Over 1,300 state employees receive some form of educational assistance from their employing agencies
Date: April 7, 1997
Creator: Alwin, Lawrence F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Introduction to Public Housing

Description: This report serves as an introduction to the federal public housing program. It provides information on the history of the program, how it is administered and funded, and the characteristics of public housing properties and the households they serve. While it introduces current policy issues, a full analysis of those issues and discussion of current legislation is not included in this report.
Date: January 3, 2014
Creator: McCarty, Maggie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

State and Local Restrictions on Employing, Renting Property to, or Providing Services for Unauthorized Aliens: Legal Issues and Recent Judicial Developments

Description: This report discusses the constitutional issues raised in relation to state and local laws intended to deter the presence of unauthorized aliens, along with the implications that federal civil rights statutes might have on the implementation and enforcement of measures restricting such persons' ability to obtain employment, housing, or other state and local benefits or services.
Date: January 28, 2008
Creator: Garcia, Michael John; Feder, Jody & Smith, Alison M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Changes to the Residential Mortgage Market: Legislation, Demographics, and Other Drivers

Description: This report provides an overview of the changing residential mortgage market, focusing on trends in housing prices, homeownership, mortgage characteristics, and financing. It also examines legislation and regulations designed to promote the efficient functioning of the mortgage market.
Date: April 16, 2013
Creator: Weiss, N. Eric
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Selected Legislative Proposals to Reform the Housing Finance System

Description: The 113th Congress has seen several developments in the effort to reform the housing finance system. In the House, the Protecting American Taxpayers and Homeowners Act of 2013 (PATH Act; H.R. 2767) was ordered to be reported out of the House Financial Services Committee on July 24, 2013. This report will briefly explain the different approaches to housing finance reform offered by these legislative proposals, focusing on efforts to replace Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and reform FHA. The report does not describe every provision of the proposals but discusses major concepts and themes.
Date: June 11, 2014
Creator: Hoskins, Sean M.; Weiss, N. E. & Jones, Katie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

USDA Rural Housing Programs: An Overview

Description: This report discusses the the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) ability to make loans to farmers to enable them to construct, improve, repair, or replace dwellings and other farm buildings to provide decent, safe, and sanitary living conditions for themselves or their tenants, lessees, sharecroppers, and laborers. USDA was also authorized to make grants or combinations of loans and grants to those farmers who could not qualify to repay the full amount of a loan, but who needed the funds to make the dwellings sanitary or to remove health hazards to the occupants or the community.
Date: October 29, 2010
Creator: Foote, Bruce E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

USDA Rural Housing Programs: An Overview

Description: This report discusses the the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) ability to make loans to farmers to enable them to construct, improve, repair, or replace dwellings and other farm buildings to provide decent, safe, and sanitary living conditions for themselves or their tenants, lessees, sharecroppers, and laborers. USDA was also authorized to make grants or combinations of loans and grants to those farmers who could not qualify to repay the full amount of a loan, but who needed the funds to make the dwellings sanitary or to remove health hazards to the occupants or the community.
Date: January 26, 2007
Creator: Foote, Bruce E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

USDA Rural Housing Programs: An Overview

Description: This report discusses the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) rural housing programs, which include loans for the purchase, repair, or construction of single-family housing; loans and grants to remove health and safety hazards in owner-occupied homes; loans and grants for the construction and purchase of rental housing for farmworkers; loans for the purchase and construction of rental and cooperative housing for the elderly and for rural residents in general; rental assistance payments to make rental housing more affordable; interest subsidies to make homeownership loans more affordable and to enable production of rental housing that is affordable for the target population; and loans for developing building sites upon which rural housing is to be constructed.
Date: July 27, 2007
Creator: Foote, Bruce E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

USDA Rural Housing Programs: An Overview

Description: This report discusses the the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) ability to make loans to farmers to enable them to construct, improve, repair, or replace dwellings and other farm buildings to provide decent, safe, and sanitary living conditions for themselves or their tenants, lessees, sharecroppers, and laborers. USDA was also authorized to make grants or combinations of loans and grants to those farmers who could not qualify to repay the full amount of a loan, but who needed the funds to make the dwellings sanitary or to remove health hazards to the occupants or the community.
Date: May 11, 2006
Creator: Foote, Bruce E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Predatory Lending: Background on the Issue and Overview of Legislation in the 106th Congress

Description: This report presents an overview of the predatory lending issue, a summary of present law, a summary of joint HUD and Treasury recommendations to address the issue, and a side-by-side summary of five bills introduced in the 106th Congress that addressed the issue. Though no action occurred on these bills, the issue is expected to continue in the 107th Congress.
Date: March 7, 2001
Creator: Foote, Bruce E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Public Housing: Fact Sheet on the New Operating Fund Formula

Description: The local public housing authorities (PHAs) that administer the federal public housing program will begin receiving their annual federal operating subsidies under a new formula in January 2007. As a result, some will experience an increase in their eligibility for funding and others will experience a decrease, although both increases and decreases will be phased in (over two and five years, respectively). However, the amount that a PHA qualifies for under the new formula (whether it is an increase or a decrease) will be reduced if Congress appropriates less money than is necessary to fund all agencies at 100% of their eligibility. This report provides a brief overview of the changes to the public housing operating fund formula that will take place in FY2007.
Date: January 4, 2007
Creator: McCarty, Maggie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Department of Housing and Urban Development: FY2008 Appropriations

Description: This report, tracks congressional appropriations for HUD and provides a detailed discussion of the funding and issues related to the majority of accounts in the Department’s budget.
Date: May 29, 2007
Creator: McCarty, Maggie; Perl, Libby; Foote, Bruce E.; Boyd, Eugene & Peterson, Meredith
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies (THUD): FY2008 Appropriations

Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the Subcommittees on Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies of the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations. It summarizes the current legislative status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related legislative activity.
Date: June 19, 2007
Creator: Peterman, David R. & Frittelli, John
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies (THUD): FY2008 Appropriations

Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the Subcommittees on Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies of the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations. It summarizes the current legislative status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related legislative activity.
Date: July 23, 2007
Creator: Peterman, David R. & Frittelli, John
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies (THUD): FY2008 Appropriations

Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the Subcommittees on Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies of the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations. It summarizes the current legislative status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related legislative activity.
Date: November 16, 2007
Creator: Peterman, David R. & Frittelli, John
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies (THUD): FY2009 Appropriations

Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the Subcommittees on Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies of the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations. It summarizes the current legislative status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related legislative activity. The report lists the key CRS staff relevant to the issues covered and related CRS products.
Date: September 9, 2008
Creator: Peterman, David R. & Frittelli, John
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The HUD Homeless Assistance Grants: Distribution of Funds

Description: Four programs, administered by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), were created to provide temporary and permanent housing to the homeless, along with supportive services.This report describes how HUD distributes the four homeless assistance grants.
Date: December 21, 2006
Creator: Perl, Libby
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Housing Issues in the 110th Congress

Description: This report examines housing-related issues that have become prominent in the 110th Congress. Possibly the most visible issue is the prevalence of subprime loans and growing mortgage default and foreclosure rates. Congress has responded with numerous hearings and legislative proposals both to change the way in which the lending and home-buying industry is regulated and to assist borrowers who are facing default and foreclosure.
Date: November 1, 2007
Creator: Perl, Libby; McCarty, Maggie; Foote, Bruce E.; Boyd, Eugene; Getter, Darryl E.; Jackson, Pamela J. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Subprime Mortgages: Primer on Current Lending and Foreclosure Issues

Description: This report discusses the issue of subprime mortgages, which are loans extended to borrowers with weak credit profiles. Subprime mortgages entail higher risk of delinquency and default. Recent increases in subprime borrower foreclosures and lender bankruptcies have prompted concerns that some lenders’ underwriting guidelines are too loose and that some borrowers may not have fully understood the risks of the mortgage products they chose. Regulatory agencies are revisiting the guidance they provide lenders and are reevaluating required disclosures to consumers. In addition, Congress is holding hearings on the subject and may consider consumer protection legislation.
Date: March 19, 2007
Creator: Murphy, Edward Vincent
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Understanding Mortgage Foreclosure: Recent Events, the Process, and Costs

Description: This report provides a general analysis and overview of current foreclosure issues addressed in the bills cited above. It begins with a description of the behavior of aggregate foreclosure rates. The behaviors of foreclosure rates are placed in the context of activity in the housing and mortgage market to illustrate any relationships. The foreclosure process is then explained, first from the point of view of a traditional financial lending institution, and then from the viewpoint of securitization when loans are sold in secondary markets. Finally, this report collects information from other studies to obtain an estimate of the average foreclosure costs. A brief discussion of the effect uniform foreclosure legislation may have on costs follows.
Date: November 5, 2007
Creator: Getter, Darryl E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Introduction to the Design of the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit

Description: This report discusses the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC), which is a federal provision that reduces the income tax liability of taxpayers claiming the credit. These taxpayers are typically investors in real estate development projects that have traded cash for the tax credits to support the production of affordable housing. The credit is intended to lower the financing costs of housing developments so that the rental prices of units can be lower than market rates, and thus, presumably, affordable.
Date: October 15, 2008
Creator: Keightley, Mark P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department