Congressional Research Service Reports - Browse

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Affordable Care Act (ACA) and the Appropriations Process: FAQs Regarding Potential Legislative Changes and Effects of a Government Shutdown

Description: This report provides background information on the Affordable Care Act (ACA). It discusses the ACA and the annual appropriations process and the potential impact of a shutdown on ACA implementation.
Date: October 2, 2013
Creator: Redhead, C. S.; Tollestrup, Jessica; Liu, Edward C. & Brass, Clinton T.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Analysis of the Geographic Distribution of the Mortgage Interest Deduction

Description: This report analyzes variation in the mortgage interest deduction tax expenditure across states. Tax expenditures, such as the mortgage interest deduction, can generally be viewed as government spending administered via the tax code, or as tax incentives that are intended to achieve particular policy objectives. Regardless of the interpretation, tax expenditures provide a benefit to qualifying taxpayers by lowering their federal tax liabilities.
Date: January 30, 2014
Creator: Keightley, Mark P.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Changes to the Residential Mortgage Market: Legislation, Demographics, and Other Drivers

Description: This report provides an overview of the changing residential mortgage market, focusing on trends in housing prices, homeownership, mortgage characteristics, and financing. It also examines legislation and regulations designed to promote the efficient functioning of the mortgage market.
Date: April 16, 2013
Creator: Weiss, N. Eric
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Community Development Block Grants: Neighborhood Stabilization Program; Assistance to Communities Affected by Foreclosures

Description: Report regarding the Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008, P.L. 110-289, which allocates federal financial aid to all state and local governments with high amounts of foreclosed homes, subprime mortgage loans, and delinquent home mortgages. The report focuses on the assistance that aids in aquiring, rehabilitating, and reselling foreclosed and abandoned homes.
Date: March 13, 2009
Creator: Boyd, Eugene & Gonzales, Oscar R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Cost of Government Financial Interventions, Past and Present

Description: The results of previous government financial interventions are summarized in this report. In response to ongoing financial turmoil that began in the subprime mortgage-backed securities market, the federal government has intervened with private corporations on a large scale and in an ad hoc manner three times from the beginning of 2008 through September 19, 2008.
Date: January 8, 2009
Creator: Webel, Baird; Labonte, Marc & Weiss, N. E.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Department of Housing and Urban Development: FY2008 Appropriations

Description: This report tracks the FY2008 congressional appropriations process and provides a detailed discussion of the funding and issues related to the majority of accounts in HUD’s budget.
Date: January 16, 2008
Creator: McCarty, Maggie; Perl, Libby; Foote, Bruce E.; Boyd, Eugene & Peterson, Meredith
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Department of Housing and Urban Development: FY2008 Appropriations

Description: This report, tracks congressional appropriations for HUD and provides a detailed discussion of the funding and issues related to the majority of accounts in the Department’s budget.
Date: May 29, 2007
Creator: McCarty, Maggie; Perl, Libby; Foote, Bruce E.; Boyd, Eugene & Peterson, Meredith
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Department of Housing and Urban Development: FY2009 Appropriations

Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the Subcommittees on Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies of the House and Senate Committees on Appropriations. It summarizes the current legislative status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related legislative activity. The report lists the key CRS staff relevant to the issues covered and related CRS products.
Date: May 22, 2008
Creator: McCarty, Maggie; Perl, Libby; Foote, Bruce E.; Boyd, Eugene & Gonzales, Oscar R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Economic Analysis of the Homebuyer Tax Credit

Description: This report provides an economic analysis of the homebuyer tax credit. Data suggest that home prices in general may be stabilizing and that the home inventory is beginning to return to a more normal level. Given the close proximity of these improvements to when the homebuyer tax credit was enacted by the Housing and Economic Recovery Act of 2008 and first modified by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009, one could argue that the tax credit was the cause of these improvements.
Date: December 1, 2009
Creator: Keightley, Mark P.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC): Efforts to Support Financial and Housing Markets

Description: This report discusses recent actions taken by the FDIC in support of financial and housing markets, which include restoration of the Deposit Insurance Fund, the development of the Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program, efforts to reduce foreclosures, and establishment of the proposed Public-Private Investment Fund. Legislation such as H.R. 786 (introduced by Representative Barney Frank); H.R. 1106, Helping Families Save Their Homes Act of 2009 (introduced by Representative John Conyers, Jr., with 24 co-sponsors); and S. 541, The Depositor Protection Act of 2009 (introduced by Senator Christopher Dodd with 12 co-sponsors) have also been introduced to increase the effectiveness of the FDIC’s efforts to respond to recent market weaknesses.
Date: March 27, 2009
Creator: Getter, Darryl E. & Gonzales, Oscar R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Real Property: Inventory and Disposal Initiatives

Description: This report provides background and discusses the inventory and disposal of public lands and other Federal property. For many years the Federal Government has operated under a statutory policy of retaining public domain lands and has disposed of the proceeds from the sale of surplus property other than by the reduction of the national debt. Under the present system, the Government disposes of some types of land when it is determined to be surplus to Government needs, or, in the case of public lands, when it is determined that the national interest would best be served by the sale or exchange of particular tracts of land.
Date: January 27, 1983
Creator: Simmons, Malcolm; Baldwin, Pamela & Bea, Keith
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FEMA Disaster Housing: From Sheltering to Permanent Housing

Description: This report reviews standard disaster housing procedures as well as options that could be taken to improve disaster housing including increased FEMA/HUD cooperation, the use of the case management authority, the repair and renovation of private rental housing units, and the use of alternative manufactured housing.
Date: August 27, 2010
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FEMA Disaster Housing: From Sheltering to Permanent Housing

Description: This report reviews standard disaster housing procedures as well as options that could be taken to improve disaster housing including increased FEMA/HUD cooperation, the use of the case management authority, the repair and renovation of private rental housing units, and the use of alternative manufactured housing.
Date: September 16, 2009
Creator: McCarthy, Francis X.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FHFA's Administrative Reform of Fannie Mae, Freddie Mac, and the Housing Finance System

Description: This report discusses housing finance reform and structural changes enacted by the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA), particularly in relation to government-sponsored enterprises (GSEs). It includes sections on GSEs and conservatorship; FHFA reforms broken down into information about risk-sharing transactions, a common securitization platform, and single security; and Congressional action on GSE reform.
Date: May 23, 2016
Creator: Hoskins, Sean M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Financial Market Intervention

Description: This report provides answers to some frequently asked questions concerning ongoing financial disruptions and the Troubled Asset Relief Program (TARP). It also summarizes legislation in the 111th Congress such as H.R. 384, the TARP Reform and Accountability Act of 2009 and H.R. 703, "Promoting Bank Liquidity and Lending Through Deposit Insurance, Hope for Homeowners, and other Enhancements."
Date: January 29, 2009
Creator: Murphy, Edward V. & Webel, Baird
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The First-Time Homebuyer Tax Credit: An Economic Analysis

Description: This report analyzes the ability of the first-time homebuyer tax credit to stimulate home buying and stabilize home prices. It includes information about current economic conditions, the tax credit with an economic analysis, marginal first-time home buyers, the cost of home ownership, the influence of the economy, and information about policy options and specific ways to adjust the tax credit.
Date: February 19, 2009
Creator: Keightley, Mark P.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

GSEs and the Government's Role in Housing Finance: Issues for the 113th Congress

Description: This report examines options concerning the future of the GSEs and the future government role in residential mortgage markets. Other CRS reports address related issues such as conservatorship, the GSEs' financial condition, residential mortgage markets in other nations, and affordable housing.
Date: September 13, 2013
Creator: Weiss, N. Eric
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Homeless in America

Description: This report discusses questions dealing with the number of homeless Americans as well as trends in society's attitudes toward such people. The incidence of mental illness and the appropriateness, or lack thereof, of deinstitutionalization for such patients is another aspect of the problem which is covered in this packet. A CRS report gives an overview of the situation and of the Federal response.
Date: November 1, 1984
Creator: Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Homeless: Overview of the Problem and the Federal Response

Description: This report discusses the problem of homelessness in the U.S. and the resulting policy response. Unlike the skid row "derelicts" who comprised the typical homeless population of the 1960s, today's street people represent many diverse groups including: the mentally ill, evicted families, the aged, alcoholics, drug addicts, abused spouses, abused young people, and cast-off children.
Date: September 14, 1984
Creator: Spar, Karen & Austin, Monique C.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Homelessness: Targeted Federal Programs and Recent Legislation

Description: This report describes existing federal programs that provide targeted assistance to homeless individuals and families, and discusses federal efforts to end homelessness. It also contains tables that outline funding levels for various related programs.
Date: February 3, 2014
Creator: Perl, Libby; Bagalman, Erin; Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.; Heisler, Elayne J.; McCallion, Gail; McCarthy, Francis X. et al.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Homelessness: Targeted Federal Programs and Recent Legislation

Description: This report describes the federal programs that are targeted to assist those who are homeless; includes recent funding levels; discusses current issues, including homelessness after the economic downturn and federal efforts to end homelessness; and provides information on recent legislation. Among active legislation are bills to reauthorize the Violence Against Women Act, which includes transitional housing for those who are homeless as a result of domestic violence and legislation that would, among other things, reauthorize the Education for Homeless Children and Youth program.
Date: May 17, 2012
Creator: Perl, Libby; Bagalman, Erin; Fernandes-Alcantara, Adrienne L.; Heisler, Elayne J.; McCallion, Gail & McCarthy, Francis X.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department