Congressional Research Service Reports - Browse

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Health Savings Accounts: Some Current Policy Issues

Description: This report discusses the Health Savings Accounts (HSAs), which are one way that people can pay for their unreimbursed medical expenses (deductibles, copayments, and services not covered by insurance) on a tax-advantaged basis
Date: May 5, 2006
Creator: Lyke, Bob
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Health-Related Tax Expenditures: Overview and Analysis

Description: This report analyzes health-related tax expenditures together at the budget function level, rather than focusing on the size of any single provision. To provide some insights into common questions about health-related expenditures, this report analyzes historical data on health-related tax expenditure estimates published by the Joint Committee on Taxation (JCT).
Date: January 8, 2016
Creator: Lowry, Sean
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Discretionary Spending Under the Affordable Care Act (ACA)

Description: This report examines the Affordable Care Act's (ACA's) effects on discretionary spending. It first discusses all the ACA authorizations (and reauthorizations) of appropriations for grant and other programs; this information, along with actual funding amounts, is summarized in a series of tables. The report then reviews the ACA administrative costs borne by CMS and the IRS.
Date: January 13, 2016
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen; Colello, Kirsten J.; Heisler, Elayne J.; Lister, Sarah A. & Sarata, Amanda K.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Self-Insured Health Insurance Coverage

Description: This report provides background information on private health insurance coverage, state and federal regulation of private coverage, and self-insured health plans. It includes data on the prevalence of self-insurance and discusses the employer decision to self-insure. Lastly, it describes selected private health insurance provisions under federal health reform, and application of such provisions on self-insured plans.
Date: June 25, 2010
Creator: Fernandez, Bernadette
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Self-Insured Health Insurance Coverage

Description: This report provides background information on private health insurance coverage, state and federal regulation of private coverage, and self-insured health plans. It includes data on the prevalence of self-insurance and discusses the employer decision to self-insure. Lastly, it describes selected private health insurance provisions under federal health reform, and application of such provisions on self-insured plans.
Date: May 12, 2010
Creator: Fernandez, Bernadette
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Transitional Medical Assistance (TMA) Under Medicaid

Description: This report provides an overview of transitional medical assistance (TMA). While Section 1925 of the Social Security Act outlines the provisions requiring states to provide TMA for up to 12 months, states have considerable flexibility in designing and implementing their TMA programs.
Date: July 24, 2008
Creator: Grady, April
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Health Savings Accounts: Overview of Rules for 2012

Description: This report provides a summary of the principal rules governing Health Savings Accounts (HSAs), covering such matters as eligibility, qualifying health insurance, contributions, and withdrawals.
Date: December 20, 2011
Creator: Mulvey, Janemarie
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Medicaid Expenditures, FY2003 and FY2004

Description: This report discusses the federal medical assistance percentage (FMAP), which is the percentage of Medicaid benefit costs paid for by the federal government.
Date: January 17, 2006
Creator: Tritz, Karen
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Medicare Primer

Description: This report provides an overview of Medicare, the nation's federal insurance program, which pays for covered health care services of qualified beneficiaries.
Date: September 10, 2014
Creator: Davis, Patricia A.; Talaga, Scott R.; Binder, Cliff; Hahn, Jim; Morgan, Paulette C.; Mulvey, Janemarie et al.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Medicare Physician Payment Updates and the Sustainable Growth Rate (SGR) System

Description: This report discusses the Sustainable Growth Rate (SGR), which is the statutory method for determining the annual updates to the Medicare physician fee schedule. The SGR system was established because of the concern that the Medicare fee schedule itself would not adequately constrain overall increases in spending for physicians’ services.
Date: August 2, 2012
Creator: Hahn, Jim & Mulvey, Janemarie
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Health Care and Markets

Description: Health care spending is one of the most rapidly growing portions of the federal budget. Projections suggest if the rapid growth in health care costs is not curtailed, governments at all levels will face an uncomfortable choice between significant cuts in other spending priorities or major tax increases. This report examines the economic justification for government intervention and involvement in health care markets.
Date: January 5, 2007
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Government and Finance Division
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Drug Price Negotiation: Implications for Medicare Part D

Description: This report discusses what it means for the federal government to “negotiate” drug prices under existing public programs, the arguments for and against such activities, and some implications for the pharmaceutical industry, Medicare beneficiaries, and others if similar federal involvement were to occur on behalf of the Medicare Part D program.
Date: April 19, 2007
Creator: Hahn, Jim
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services: President’s FY2013 Budget

Description: This report summarizes the President's budget estimates for each section of the CMS budget. Then, for each legislative proposal included in the President's budget, this report provides a description of current law and the President's proposal. The explanations of the President's legislative proposals are grouped by the following program areas: Medicare, Medicaid, program integrity, and health insurance programs.
Date: April 9, 2012
Creator: Mitchell, Alison & Paulette, Morgan C.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Overview of the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003

Description: This report examines the the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003, which creates a prescription drug benefit for Medicare beneficiaries and establishes a new Medicare Advantage program to replace the current Medicare+Choice program.
Date: December 6, 2004
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer; Chaikind, Hinda; Tilson, Sibyl; Boulanger, Jennifer & Morgan, Paulette
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Affordable Care Act and Small Business: Economic Issues

Description: This report explains how employer-sponsored insurance can be used to address concerns about health insurance coverage and cost. Then, it summarizes the three ACA provisions most relevant to small businesses. Also, it analyzes these provisions for their potential effects on small businesses. Last, this report presents several approaches that could address some concerns associated with these provisions (particularly the employer penalty).
Date: February 25, 2014
Creator: Lowry, Sean & Gravelle, Jane G.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Treating Ebola Patients in the United States: Health Care Delivery Implications

Description: This report discusses the recent response to Ebola patients in the United States. While the U.S. health care system has the resources to effectively identify and treat Ebola cases, a situation that is novel, emergent, and resource-intensive may test the system's ability to effectively mobilize those resources.
Date: November 4, 2014
Creator: Sarata, Amanda K.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Extensively Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis (XDR-TB): Emerging Public Health Threats and Quarantine and Isolation

Description: This report the international saga of Andrew Speaker, a traveler thought to have XDR-TB, a drug-resistant form of tuberculosis, placed a spotlight on existing mechanisms to contain contagious disease threats and raised numerous legal and public health issues. It also discusses the application of various public health measures available to contain an emerging public health threat posed by an individual who ignores medical advice and attempts to board an airplane or take other forms of public transportation.
Date: November 26, 2010
Creator: Swendiman, Kathleen S. & Jones, Nancy Lee
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congress Faces Calls to Address Expiring ACA Appropriations

Description: This report discusses the Affordable Care Act (ACA), enacted in March 2010, which appropriated billions of dollars of mandatory funds to support grant programs and other activities authorized by the law.
Date: November 25, 2014
Creator: Redhead, C. Stephen & Heisler, Elayne J.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

H.R. 2: The Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2009

Description: This report summarizes changes to current law across the major provisions of H.R. 2 that would occur if The Children's Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act of 2009 (CHIPRA) were enacted.
Date: January 14, 2009
Creator: Baumrucker, Evelyne P.; Herz, Elicia J.; Peterson, Chris L.; Tilson, Sibyl & Gravelle, Jane G.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Medicare: Part B Premiums

Description: This report examines the history of the Medicare Part B Premium. The report considers issues including the changing factors that go into determining the premium. The report also discusses the comparative cost adjustment program, the Part B deductible, and the Part A premium.
Date: December 29, 2008
Creator: Hahn, Jim
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ebola: Selected Legal Issues

Description: Several West African countries are currently grappling with an unprecedented outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD). Here in the United States, where Ebola is not endemic, a handful of EVD cases have been diagnosed, and domestic transmission of the virus has occurred in only two cases to date. This report provides a brief overview of selected legal issues regarding measures to prevent transmission of Ebola virus and the civil rights of individuals affected by the disease.
Date: December 16, 2014
Creator: Cole, Jared P.; Perry, Rodney M.; Dolan, Alissa M.; Shimabukuro, Jon O.; Garcia, Michael J.; Smith, Jane M. et al.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department