Congressional Research Service Reports - 46 Matching Results

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Self-Insured Health Insurance Coverage

Description: This report provides background information on private health insurance coverage, state and federal regulation of private coverage, and self-insured health plans. It includes data on the prevalence of self-insurance and discusses the employer decision to self-insure. Lastly, it describes selected private health insurance provisions under federal health reform, and application of such provisions on self-insured plans.
Date: May 12, 2010
Creator: Fernandez, Bernadette
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Medicare: Financing the Part A Hospital Insurance Program

Description: This report discusses Medicare, which consists of two distinct parts — Part A (Hospital Insurance (HI)) and Part B (Supplementary Medical Insurance (SMI)). Part A is financed primarily through payroll taxes levied on current workers and their employers. Income from these taxes is credited to the HI trust fund. Part B is financed through a combination of monthly premiums paid by current enrollees and general revenues. Income from these sources is credited to the SMI trust fund.
Date: May 5, 1998
Creator: O'Sullivan, Jennifer
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Medicaid and Graduate Medical Education

Description: This report discusses Medicaid coverage of graduate medical education (GME) costs. GME costs are difficult to determine because teaching occurs in the context of patient care and research. There are direct GME (DGME) costs, which include residents' stipends, payments to supervising physicians, and direct program administration costs.
Date: May 28, 2008
Creator: Herz, Elicia J. & Tilson, Sibyl
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Requiring Individuals to Obtain Health Insurance: A Constitutional Analysis

Description: This report first analyzes the authority of Congress to pass a law of this nature, as well as how a court could analyze this provision in light of a constitutional challenge based on various provisions of the Fifth and Tenth Amendments. Finally, this report discusses whether the exceptions to the individual responsibility requirement to purchase health insurance satisfy First Amendment freedom of religion protections.
Date: May 7, 2010
Creator: Staman, Jennifer; Brougher, Cynthia; Liu, Edward C.; Lunder, Erika K. & Thomas, Kenneth R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Data on Enrollment, Premiums, and Cost-Sharing in HAS-Qualified Health Plans

Description: Health Savings Accounts (HSAs), which have been available since 2004, are the newest addition to the array of tax-advantaged accounts people can use to pay for unreimbursed medical expenses. To set up an HSA, one must enroll in a qualifying high-deductible health plan (HDHP). This report analyzes findings about enrollment in HSA-qualified HDHPs.
Date: May 13, 2006
Creator: Peterson, Chris L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Medicare+Choice Payments

Description: This report discusses the M+C program that established new rules for beneficiary and plan participation. This report focuses on M+C payments.
Date: May 8, 2002
Creator: Chaikind, Hinda Ripps & Morgan, Paulette C
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Medicare Provisions in the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA)

Description: This report, one of a series of CRS products on PPACA and the Reconciliation Act, examines the Medicare related provisions in these Acts. Estimates from CBO on PPACA and the Reconciliation Act indicate that net reductions in Medicare direct spending will reach approximately $390 billion from FY2010 to FY2019.
Date: May 27, 2010
Creator: Davis, Patricia A.; Hahn, Jim; Morgan, Paulette C.; Stone, Julie & Tilson, Sibyl
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Public Health Service Agencies: Overview and Funding (FY2015-FY2017)

Description: This report gives a brief overview of the eight agencies within the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) which are designated components of the U.S. Public Health Services (PHS), and summarizes its funding for FY2015 through FY2017.
Date: May 19, 2016
Creator: Redhead, C. S.; Dabrowska, Agata; Bagalman, Erin; Heisler, Elayne J.; Johnson, Judith A.; Lister, Sarah A. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Zika Response Funding: Request and Congressional Action

Description: This report presents the Administration's request for supplemental appropriations for the Zika response. It includes sections outlining Congressional actions, the emergency supplemental appropriations request for Zika response efforts -- by both U.S. health and human services agencies and international assistance programs -- and information about unobligated Ebola response funds.
Date: May 20, 2016
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Lister, Sarah A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Medicaid and CHIP Maintenance of Effort (MOE): Requirements and Responses

Description: This report summarizes the MOE requirements enacted under American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act as modified by the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 and what these requirements have meant for states in terms of their actions to restrict Medicaid and/or CHIP eligibility. It also summarizes recent legislative activity to repeal the MOE requirements.
Date: May 25, 2011
Creator: Baumrucker, Evelyne P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Increases in Tricare Costs: Background and Options for Congress

Description: This report discusses budgetary matters for the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD), specifically regarding past instances of debate regarding the Tricare system. The dollar amounts allocated to health care in the budget of the DOD have more than doubled since FY2001, growing from about $17 billion to over $44.8 billion in FY2009.
Date: May 14, 2009
Creator: Jansen, Don J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Military Medical Care: Questions and Answers

Description: This report answers several frequently asked questions about military health care, including: how the system is structured, a TRICARE summary, TRICARE eligibility and plan options, cost of military health care to beneficiaries, relationship of TRICARE to MEDICARE, how the Affordable Care Act affects TRICARE, long-term trends of defense health care costs, and a summary of the fund which funds TRICARE - the Medicare Eligible Retiree Health Care fund.
Date: May 20, 2008
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria: Issues for Congress and U.S. Contributions from FY2001 to FY2013

Description: The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria (Global Fund, or the Fund) was established in 2002 as a public-private partnership that could provide significant financial support for global responses to HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis (TB), and malaria. In November 2011, the Global Fund Board announced that due to inadequate resources from donors, it would cancel its 11th round of funding, but would maintain support for existing activities to avoid disruptions in ongoing services. Global health advocates urge Congress to meet the President's FY2013 request for the Fund in order to support the sustainability of its activities and to encourage continued contributions from other donors. Although Congress has traditionally been a strong supporter of the Fund, several issues may affect congressional views about the Fund in the future, which are discussed in this report.
Date: May 15, 2012
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji & Kendall, Alexandra E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Factors Affecting the Demand for Long-Term Care Insurance: Issues for Congress

Description: This report will discuss the role of long-term care insurance (LTCI) in financing long term care (LTC) costs and current trends in the LTCI industry; factors affecting the demand for LTCI, including cost and complexity of the product and adequacy of consumer protections; and key features of legislative proposals in the 111th Congress to address these issues.
Date: May 27, 2009
Creator: Mulvey, Janemarie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department