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Democracy Promotion: An Objective of U.S. Foreign Assistance

Description: This report aims to provide information on the history of democracy promotion as a foreign assistance objective, the role of the primary U.S. agencies administering such programs, and funding details and trends, as well as issues of potential relevance to Congress.
Date: May 31, 2017
Creator: Lawson, Marian L. & Susan B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

State, Foreign Operations and Related Programs: Fiscal Year 2017 Budget and Appropriations

Description: This report provides an overview and highlights of the State Department Foreign Operations and Related Appropriations request with an account-by-account comparison of the FY2017 request to the House and Senate committee-passed bills and FY2016 estimates in Appendix A. Appendix B provides the International Affairs 150 function funding levels.
Date: May 26, 2017
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Lawson, Marian L. & Gill, Cory R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S.-South Korea Relations

Description: This report contains two main parts: a section describing recent events and a longer background section on key elements of the U.S.-South Korea relationship. It also provides a list of CRS products on South Korea and North Korea. The report identifies South Korean individuals by using their last name first.
Date: May 23, 2017
Creator: Manyin, Mark E.; Chanlett-Avery, Emma; Nikitin, Mary Beth D.; Williams, Brock R. & Corrado, Jonathan R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Maritime Territorial and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) Disputes Involving China: Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on maritime territorial and exclusive economic zone (EEZ) disputes in the East China (ECS) and South China Sea (SCS) involving China, with a focus on how these disputes may affect U.S. strategic and policy interests.
Date: May 19, 2017
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iran's Presidential Elections

Description: This report analyzes Iran's 2009 presidential election, particularly the campaigns of reformist candidate Mir Hussein Musavi and incumbent President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad. It also describes the Obama Administration's reaction to the election results and briefly discusses the current relationship between the U.S. and Iran, as well as U.S. concerns regarding Iran, such as Iran's efforts at building a nuclear weapons program.
Date: May 5, 2017
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Turkey: Erdogan's Referendum Victory Delivers "Presidential System"

Description: This report discuses the Turkish referendum results regarding creating a presidential system through the abolishment of the position of prime minister and a strengthening of the power of the presidency. Possible irregularities, reactions of other countries to the results, and possible effects of the changes on Turkish government and President Erdogan's power are also discussed.
Date: April 20, 2017
Creator: Zanotti, Jim & Thomas, Clayton
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Northern Ireland: Current Issues and Ongoing Challenges in the Peace Process

Description: This report describes the Peace Agreement in Northern Ireland, which is one of four component "nations" of the United Kingdom (UK). The conflict, often referred to as "the Troubles," has its origins in the 1921 division of Ireland and has reflected a struggle between different national, cultural, and religious identities.
Date: March 14, 2017
Creator: Archick, Kristin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

A Change in Direction for Seoul? The Impeachment of South Korea's President

Description: This report discusses the Constitutional Court decision for impeachment of the former President of South Korea, Park Geun-hye. The decision was the latest development in a corruption scandal that has engulfed South Korean politics and the business world since October 2016, and comes against the backdrop of North Korean missile tests.
Date: March 10, 2017
Creator: Manyin, Mark E.; Chanlett-Avery, Emma & Corrado, Jonathan R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Russia: Background and U.S. Interests

Description: This report provides background information on Russian politics, economics, and military issues. It also discusses a number of key issues for Congress concerning Russia's foreign relations and the U.S.-Russian relationship.
Date: March 1, 2017
Creator: Welt, Cory
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The United Arab Emirates (UAE): Issues for U.S. Policy

Description: This report discusses the current political and economic landscape of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and its relationship with the U.S. The UAE has been a significant U.S. partner in Gulf security for more than two decades, and the alliance has deepened further in recent years in order to address multiple regional threats.
Date: February 28, 2017
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Israel: Background and U.S. Relations in Brief

Description: This report focuses on recent dynamics in U.S.-Israel relations; U.S.-Israel next steps following the July 2015 Iranian nuclear deal; regional threats Israel perceives from Hezbollah, Syria, and elsewhere; recently-intensified Israeli-Palestinian tensions and violence in connection with Jerusalem's holy sites; and domestic political developments in Israel.
Date: February 24, 2017
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nonstrategic Nuclear Weapons

Description: This report provides basic information about U.S. and Russian nonstrategic nuclear weapons. It reviews the issues that have been raised with regard to U.S. and Russian nonstrategic nuclear weapons, and summarizes a number of policy options that might be explored by Congress, the United States, Russia, and other nations to address these issues.
Date: February 21, 2017
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iran: Politics, Human Rights, and U.S. Policy

Description: This report discusses the relationship between the United States and Iran. The United States and Iran have been at odds politically and diplomatically, and U.S. policy has been intended to reduce the perceived threat posed by Iran to a broad range of U.S. interests. U.S. officials also express a broad range of concerns about Iran's human rights abuses, including its detentions of U.S.-Iran dual nationals.
Date: February 17, 2017
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Japan-U.S. Relations: Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses issues regarding U.S.-Japan economic relations. Japan is a significant partner of the United States in a number of foreign policy areas, particularly in U.S. security priorities, which range from hedging against Chinese military modernization to countering threats from North Korea.
Date: February 16, 2017
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma; Manyin, Mark E.; Nelson, Rebecca M.; Williams, Brock R. & Yamakawa, Taishu
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bahrain: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Description: This report discusses the current state of reform and foreign policy in Bahrain. Outward signs of the uprising against Bahrain's Al Khalifa ruling family that began on February 14, 2011 have diminished, but continued smaller demonstrations, opposition boycotts of elections, and incarceration of dissident leaders counter government assertions that Bahrain has "returned to normal."
Date: February 14, 2017
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

India's Natural Gas: A Small Part of the Energy Mix

Description: This report discusses India's natural gas plans that have implications for a number of issues in which Congress has expressed an interest. Those issues include the prospects for U.S. hydrocarbon exports, U.S. energy companies' investments, Indian investments in U.S. natural gas production, India's ability to meet its international commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in order to combat climate change, and India's plans for integrating itself into the growing South Asian energy market.
Date: February 13, 2017
Creator: Ratner, Michael
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

China-U.S. Trade Issues

Description: This report provides background and analysis of U.S.-China commercial ties, including history, trends, issues, and outlook.
Date: February 9, 2017
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cuba: U.S. Restrictions on Travel and Remittances

Description: This report examines developments in U.S. policy restricting travel and remittances to Cuba, including significant changes that have occurred, current permissible travel and remittances, enforcement of the travel restrictions, and debate on lifting the travel restrictions.
Date: February 7, 2017
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department