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Armed Conflict in Syria: Overview and U.S. Response

Description: This report discusses the ongoing conflict in Syria and provides an overview of U.S. Policy responses. The rise of the insurgent terrorist group known as the Islamic State (IS, aka the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant or ISIL/ISIS) and Russia's military intervention on behalf of the Syrian government have reshaped debates over U.S. policy toward the ongoing civil conflict in Syria, now in its fifth year.
Date: September 28, 2016
Creator: Humud, Carla E.; Blanchard, Christopher M. & Nikitin, Mary Beth D.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Russia's Parliamentary Elections

Description: This report discusses Russia's last parliamentary elections. On September 18, 2016, Russians will go to the polls to elect the State Duma.
Date: unknown
Creator: Welt, Cory
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gangs in Central America

Description: This report describes the gang problem in Central America, discusses country approaches to deal with the gangs, and analyzes U.S. policy with respect to gangs in Central America.
Date: unknown
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Moldova: A Pivotal Election?

Description: This report discusses Moldova's presidential election on October 30, 2016. This is the first time since 1996 that Moldova's president is being elected by a popular vote.
Date: November 4, 2016
Creator: Welt, Cory
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S.-South Korea Relations

Description: This report contains two main parts: a section describing recent events and a longer background section on key elements of the U.S.-South Korea relationship. It also provides a list of CRS products on South Korea and North Korea. The report identifies South Korean individuals by using their last name first.
Date: October 20, 2016
Creator: Manyin, Mark E.; Chanlett-Avery, Emma; Nikitin, Mary Beth D.; Corrado, Jonathan R. & Williams, Brock R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Description: This report provides an overview of the situation in Ukraine. Following the February 2014 collapse of the Kremlin-supported government of President Viktor Yanukovych, there was an emergence of a pro-Western, pro-reform government and an energized public generally anxious to lessen Moscow's influence, committed to addressing the need for serious reform and determined to draw closer to Europe and the United States.
Date: October 27, 2016
Creator: Morelli, Vincent L.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons

Description: This report discusses the current status of Pakistan's nuclear arsenal, which probably consists of approximately 110-130 nuclear warheads. Chronic political instability in Pakistan and Islamabad's military efforts against the Taliban and al-Qaeda have raised concerns about the security of the country's nuclear weapons. Some observers fear that Pakistan's strategic nuclear assets could be obtained by terrorists or used by elements in the Pakistani government; however, U.S. officials have generally expressed confidence in the security of Pakistan's nuclear weapons.
Date: August 1, 2016
Creator: Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ukraine: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Description: This report provides an overview of the situation in Ukraine. In February 2014, the Kremlin-supported government of Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych collapsed. The demise of the regime was brought about by bitter protests that had erupted in Kyiv's Maidan Square in late 2013 over the government's decision to reject closer relations with the European Union (EU) and by civil society's reaction to a brutal government response to the Maidan protestors.
Date: August 3, 2016
Creator: Morelli, Vincent L.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Argentina: Background and U.S. Relations

Description: This report provides background on the political and economic situation in Argentina and U.S.-Argentine relations. It also summarizes political and economic conditions in Argentina and issues in Argentine-U.S. relations.
Date: September 6, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P. & Nelson, Rebecca M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Elections Strengthen Georgia's Ruling Party

Description: This report discusses the country of Georgia's parliamentary elections, which domestic and international observers assessed as democratic, despite isolated violations and violent incidents.
Date: October 18, 2016
Creator: Welt, Cory
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Israel: Background and U.S. Relations in Brief

Description: This report focuses on recent dynamics in U.S.-Israel relations; U.S.-Israel next steps following the July 2015 Iranian nuclear deal; regional threats Israel perceives from Hezbollah, Syria, and elsewhere; recently intensified Israeli-Palestinian tensions and violence in connection with Jerusalem's holy sites; and domestic political developments in Israel.
Date: September 16, 2016
Creator: Zanotti, Jim
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Kuwait: Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Description: This report examines Kuwait's relationships with its neighbors in the Persian Gulf, and its own political system which has been in turmoil since 2006. Kuwait remains pivotal to U.S. efforts to secure the Persian Gulf region because of its willingness to cooperate with U.S. strategy and military operations in the region and its proximity to both Iran and Iraq.
Date: September 29, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Leadership Succession in Uzbekistan

Description: This report discusses the succession of Uzbekistan President, Islam Karimov. The 78-year-old Karimov served as Uzbekistan's only President from the time of its independence from the former Soviet Union in 1991.
Date: September 6, 2016
Creator: Mann, Christopher T.; Nelson, Gabriel M.; Skorupski, Bolko J. & Katzman, Kenneth
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Turkey: Background and U.S. Relations

Description: This report provides information and analysis relevant for Congress on the following: assessments of U.S.-Turkey relations, Turkish foreign policy, and Turkey's strategic orientation, Turkish efforts to cooperate with the United States against the Islamic State in Syria and Iraq, and key issues regarding Turkey's domestic politics.
Date: August 26, 2016
Creator: Zanotti, Jim & Thomas, Clayton
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Burma Holds Peace Conference

Description: This report discusses the Burma Peace conference that could be a step toward ending Burma's six-decade long, low-grade civil war and establishing a process eventually leading to reconciliation and possibly the formation of a democratic federated state.
Date: September 8, 2016
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nicaragua: In Brief

Description: This report discusses Nicaragua's current politics, economic development and relations with the United States and provides context for Nicaragua's controversial November 6, 2016, elections.
Date: September 14, 2016
Creator: Taft-Morales, Maureen
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Bahrain: Reform, Security, and U.S. Policy

Description: This report discusses the current state of reform and foreign policy in Bahrain. Outward signs of the uprising against Bahrain's Al Khalifa ruling family that began on February 14, 2011 have diminished, but continued smaller demonstrations, opposition boycotts of elections, and incarceration of dissident leaders counter government assertions that Bahrain has "returned to normal."
Date: June 14, 2016
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Maritime Territorial and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) Disputes Involving China: Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on maritime territorial and exclusive economic zone (EEZ) disputes in the East China (ECS) and South China Sea (SCS) involving China, with a focus on how these disputes may affect U.S. strategic and policy interests.
Date: April 27, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Presidential References to the 2001 Authorization for Use of Military Force in Publicly Available Executive Actions and Reports to Congress

Description: This memorandum sets out information and analysis concerning presidential references in official notifications and records to the Authorization for Use of Military Force (2001 AUMF; Public Law 107-40; 50 U.S.C. ยง 1541 note), enacted in response to the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the United States. It contains very brief discussions of the relevant provisions of the 2001 AUMF, and the uses of U.S. armed forces connected with 2001 AUMF authority, as well as excerpted language and other information from the notifications.
Date: May 11, 2016
Creator: Weed, Matthew
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Appropriations for FY2005: Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs

Description: This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year, related to foreign operations, export financing and other programs. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Foreign Operations. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant.
Date: November 30, 2004
Creator: Nowels, Larry
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Foreign Aid: An Introduction to U.S. Programs and Policy

Description: This report provides an overview of the U.S. foreign assistance program by answering frequently asked questions on the subject. It is intended to provide a broad view of foreign assistance over time.
Date: June 17, 2016
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt & Lawson, Marian L.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cuba: Issues for the 114th Congress

Description: This report is divided into three major sections analyzing Cuba's political and economic environment, U.S. policy, and selected issues in U.S.-Cuban relations.
Date: June 20, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department