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Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues

Description: This report discusses Pakistan's efforts to produce fissile material and other issues related to nuclear proliferation and improving its nuclear arsenal. It also discusses the steps Pakistan has taken to increase international confidence in its nuclear security. However, continued instability in Pakistan has caused some to question the effectiveness of its nuclear security reforms.
Date: September 28, 2009
Creator: Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The European Parliament

Description: This report discusses the construction and history of the European Parliament (EP), its role in functions of the European Union as well as internationally, various international supports and criticisms of the EP, and the EP's ties with the U.S. Congress.
Date: September 29, 2009
Creator: Archick, Kristin & Mix, Derek E.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iran's Nuclear Program: Status

Description: This report looks at the background of Iran's nuclear policy. It covers the current status of Iran's nuclear facilities, and current controversy surrounding them, as well as the effects of international sanctions on Iran, recent sabotages on the Iran Enrichment Program, an estimated timeline of Iran's nuclear weapon capabilities, and whether or not Iran even has a nuclear weapons program.
Date: September 29, 2009
Creator: Kerr, Paul K.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Guinea's 2008 Military Coup and Relations with the United States

Description: This report analyzes developments since the military's seizure of power in December 2008, Guinea's relations with the United States, and U.S. policy in the wake of the coup. It also provides background on Guinean history and politics.
Date: September 30, 2009
Creator: Arieff, Alexis & Cook, Nicolas
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Illegal Drug Trade in Africa: Trends and U.S. Policy

Description: This report discusses the rise in illicit drug trafficking in Africa, the U.S. policy response, and implications for U.S. interests.
Date: September 30, 2009
Creator: Wyler, Liana Sun & Cook, Nicolas
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

South Korea: Its Domestic Politics and Foreign Policy Outlook

Description: This report covers the background and current state of the relationship of the United States with the Republic of Korea (ROK, formerly South Korea), including economic and trade issues, North Korea, naval, and military events. It is a general overview of the current state of relations with South Korea.
Date: September 30, 2009
Creator: Konishi, Weston S.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Afghanistan: Politics, Elections, and Government Performance

Description: This report discusses the current political state of Afghanistan, as well as the Afghan government. This report also discusses Afghanistan's relationship with the United States, particularly U.S. efforts to urge President Hamid Karzai to address corruption within the Afghan government.
Date: October 1, 2009
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Afghanistan: U.S. Foreign Assistance

Description: The U.S. program of assistance to Afghanistan is intended to stabilize and strengthen the Afghan economic, social, political, and security environment so as to blunt popular support for extremist forces in the region. Since 2001, nearly $38 billion has been appropriated toward this effort. This report provides a "big picture" overview of the U.S. aid program and congressional action. It describes what various aid agencies report they are doing in Afghanistan. It does not address the effectiveness of their programs.
Date: October 1, 2009
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Africa Command: U.S. Strategic Interests and the Role of the U.S. Military in Africa

Description: This report provides information on Africa Command's (AFRICOM) mission, structure, interagency coordination, and its basing and manpower requirements. The report also gives a broad overview of U.S. strategic interests in Africa and the role of U.S. military efforts on the continent as they pertain to the creation of Africa Command.
Date: October 2, 2009
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Afghanistan: Post-Taliban Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Description: This report discusses the current political state of Afghanistan, focusing particularly on the influence of the Taliban and other militant groups and on the leadership of Afghan President Hamid Karzai. This report also discusses the U.S.-Afghanistan relationship and U.S. efforts under the Obama Administration to provide military, reconstructive, and stabilization aid.
Date: October 6, 2009
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Honduran-U.S. Relations

Description: This report discusses the current state of Honduras, which is one of the Western Hemisphere's poorest countries and has a high poverty rate, high infant mortality rate, and a widespread HIV/AIDS epidemic. This report also discusses the relationship between the U.S. and Honduras, focusing on the countries' important trade partnership, the U.S. military presence in Honduras, and U.S. foreign aid.
Date: October 6, 2009
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Afghanistan: Narcotics and U.S. Policy

Description: This report provides current statistical information, profiles the Afghanistan narcotics trade's participants, explores linkages between narcotics, insecurity, and corruption, and reviews U.S. and international policy responses since late 2001. The report also considers ongoing policy debates regarding the counternarcotics role of coalition military forces, poppy eradication, alternative livelihoods, and funding issues for Congress.
Date: October 7, 2009
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iran: Regional Perspectives and U.S. Policy

Description: This report provides a description of Iran's neighbors' policies and interests, options for Congressional consideration, and an analysis of potential regional implications
Date: October 7, 2009
Creator: Addis, Casey L.; Blanchard, Christopher M.; Katzman, Kenneth; Carol Migdalovitz; Nichol, Jim; Sharp, Jeremy M. et al.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Madagascar's 2009 Political Crisis

Description: This report looks at political instability that has plagued the Madagascar since 2009. The report address other concerns that Congress has about the country as well, specifically threats to Madagascar's unique ecosystem.
Date: October 7, 2009
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

China-U.S. Relations: Current Issues and Implications for U.S. Policy

Description: This report addresses relevant policy questions in current U.S.-China relations, discusses trends and key legislation in the current Congress, and provides a chronology of developments and high-level exchanges.
Date: October 8, 2009
Creator: Dumbaugh, Kerry
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

European Union Enlargement: A Status Report on Turkey's Accession Negotiations

Description: This report provides a brief overview of the European Union's (EU) accession process; Turkey's path to EU membership; the impact of the Cyprus problem; and a review of the United States' interest in Turkey's future in the European Union.
Date: October 8, 2009
Creator: Morelli, Vincent & Migdalovitz, Carol
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iran Sanctions

Description: This report discusses the increasing international pressure on Iran to curb its nuclear program and how that pressure discourages foreign firms from investing in Iran's energy sector, hindering Iran's efforts to expand oil production. This report discusses the history and progress of the formal U.S. effort to curb energy investment in Iran, which began with the Iran Sanctions Act (ISA) in 1996.
Date: October 8, 2009
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Strategic Arms Control After START: Issues and Options

Description: The United States and Soviet Union signed the Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty in 1991; it entered into force in December 1994 and expired in December 2009. This report provides background information about the START Treaty and reviews the discussions about a possible successor to START. It also presents a range of alternatives that the United States and Russia might consider if they choose to follow START with a new framework for the arms control process.
Date: October 9, 2009
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Trafficking in Persons in Latin America and the Caribbean

Description: This report describes the nature and scope of the problem of trafficking in persons in Latin America and the Caribbean. It then describes U.S. efforts to deal with trafficking in persons in Latin America and the Caribbean, as well as discusses the successes and failures of some recent country and regional anti-trafficking efforts.
Date: October 9, 2009
Creator: Seelke, Clare Ribando
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Greece Update

Description: This report discusses current issues regarding Greece's recent elections, economy, and foreign policies.
Date: October 15, 2009
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Kenya: Current Conditions and the Challenges Ahead

Description: This report discusses the current political conditions of Kenya, which has long been an important ally of the United States. The report focuses particularly on the December 2007 elections, which many international observers have declared as rigged and deeply flawed. The report also discusses violence that erupted once election results were announced, as well as U.S. efforts to urge Kenya toward election reforms.
Date: October 15, 2009
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues

Description: This report discusses Pakistan's efforts to produce fissile material and other issues related to nuclear proliferation and improving its nuclear arsenal. It also discusses the steps Pakistan has taken to increase international confidence in its nuclear security. However, continued instability in Pakistan has caused some to question the effectiveness of its nuclear security reforms.
Date: October 15, 2009
Creator: Kerr, Paul K. & Nikitin, Mary Beth
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Russian Political, Economic, and Security Issues and U.S. Interests

Description: This report discusses the current political and economic conditions in Russia, focusing on the impact of Vladimir Putin's leadership and the leadership of his successor/protégé, Dmitriy Medvedev, both of which have steered Russia away from democratization. The report also discusses the state of the economy since the Soviet collapse in 1999, how the recent global economic downturn has affected Russia, the state of Russia's military, and the current relationship between Russia and the United States.
Date: October 15, 2009
Creator: Nichol, Jim; Cooper, William H.; Ek, Carl; Woehrel, Steven; Woolf, Amy F.; Hildreth, Steven A. et al.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rwanda: Background and Current Developments

Description: This report discusses the current political conditions of Rwanda, including a brief historical overview. The report also includes information about the poor human rights conditions in Rwanda and U.S. Rwanda relations.
Date: October 15, 2009
Creator: Dagne, Ted
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department