Congressional Research Service Reports - 4,228 Matching Results

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Foreign Aid Reform: Studies and Recommendations

Description: This report gives a brief history of modern U.S. foreign aid and modern legislative efforts to reform foreign aid practices. The report also examines various recommendations from recent studies relating to foreign aid reform.
Date: July 28, 2009
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Weed, Matthew C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review (QDDR)

Description: This report briefly discusses the Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review (QDDR) that provides short-, medium-, and long-term blueprints for how to advance U.S. foreign policy objectives and values through the operations of both the Department of State and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID).
Date: August 27, 2014
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Tiersky, Alex
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Private Security Contractors in Iraq: Background, Legal Status, and Other Issues

Description: This report summarizes what is currently known publicly about companies that provide personnel for security missions in Iraq and some sources of controversy surrounding them. The report also summarizes pertinent legislative proposals.
Date: September 29, 2008
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Embassy in Iraq

Description: This report discusses issues with the U.S. Embassy in Iraq such as the potential rising cost, delay in opening, quality of construction, and reported assertions of trafficking-like labor practices by First Kuwaiti General Trade and Contracting Company, the primary builder of the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad.
Date: October 10, 2007
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Private Security Contractors in Iraq: Background, Legal Status, and Other Issues

Description: This report summarizes what is currently known publicly about companies that provide personnel for security missions in Iraq and some sources of controversy surrounding them. The report also summarizes pertinent legislative proposals.
Date: May 28, 2004
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K. & Serafino, Nina M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

President Obama's Historic Visit to Cuba

Description: This report briefly discusses the details of President Obama's visit to Cuba. Before the trip, the White House set forth the goals of the visit, stating that the President would build on progress toward normalizing relations, including advancing commercial and people-to-people ties and expressing support for human rights.
Date: March 25, 2016
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Foreign Operations (House)/State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs (Senate): FY2006 Appropriations

Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House Subcommittee on Foreign Operations and the Senate Subcommittee on State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity, and is updated as events warrant.
Date: November 2, 2005
Creator: Nowels, Larry & Epstein, Susan B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Continuity of Government: Current Federal Arrangements and the Future

Description: Continuity of government refers to the continued functioning of constitutional government under all circumstances. Arrangements for the continued operation of the federal government in the event of a national emergency or catastrophe are specified in law, policy, and plans, some of which are not public information, given their sensitive, contingent status. This report reviews the public record concerning federal continuity of government arrangements.
Date: November 7, 2003
Creator: Relyea, Harold C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Continuity of Government: Current Federal Arrangements and the Future

Description: Continuity of government refers to the continued functioning of constitutional government under all circumstances. Arrangements for the continued operation of the federal government in the event of a national emergency or catastrophe are specified in law, policy, and plans, some of which are not public information, given their sensitive, contingent status. This report reviews the public record concerning federal continuity of government arrangements.
Date: January 7, 2005
Creator: Relyea, Harold C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: FY2016 Budget Overview

Description: This report provides an overview of the FY2016 State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs (SFOPS) request and account-by-account funding comparisons with FY2014 actuals and FY2015 estimates.
Date: February 9, 2015
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Lawson, Marian L. & Tiersky, Alex
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Embassy Security: Background, Funding, and the Budget

Description: The September 11, 2001 terrorist attack on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon led to the closing the following day of 50 of the nearly 260 U.S. embassies and consulates worldwide. A week later, however, all U.S. facilities were open for business. Additionally, three embassies – in Pakistan, Yemen, and Turkmenistan – allowed for voluntary evacuations immediately after the attack. In the months prior to the attack, travel warnings were issued and embassies were put on high alert as Osama bin Laden had issued vague, but credible, threats against Americans and American interests around the world.
Date: October 4, 2001
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Continuity of Government: Current Federal Arrangements and the Future

Description: Continuity of government refers to the continued functioning of constitutional government under all circumstances. Arrangements for the continued operation of the federal government in the event of a national emergency or catastrophe are specified in law, policy, and plans, some of which are not public information, given their sensitive, contingent status. This report reviews the public record concerning federal continuity of government arrangements.
Date: August 5, 2005
Creator: Relyea, Harold C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Building Civilian Interagency Capacity for Missions Abroad: Key Proposals and Issues for Congress

Description: Within the past two decades, prominent foreign policy organizations and foreign policy experts have perceived serious deficiencies in the authorities, organizations, and personnel used to conduct interagency missions that prevent the United States from exercising its power to full advantage. For the 112th Congress, proposals to address these problems may be of interest for their perceived potential not only to enhance performance, but also to save money by streamlining processes, encouraging interagency cooperation, and reducing duplication. These proposals also provide context for current and recent legislation, including the Interagency Personnel Rotation Act of 2011 (S. 1268 and H.R. 2314) and the Contingency Operations Oversight and Interagency Enhancement Act of 2011 (H.R. 3660), as well as the new Global Security Contingency Fund contained in the FY2012 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA, Section 1207, H.R. 1540, P.L. 112-81, signed into law December 31, 2011). The FY2012 NDAA requires the President to submit to Congress a “whole-of-government” implementation plan.
Date: February 2, 2012
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.; Dale, Catherine & Towell, Pat
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Foreign Policy Budget for FY2002

Description: No Description Available.
Date: April 12, 2001
Creator: Epstein, Susan B. & Nowels, Larry
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iran: Politics, Human Rights, and U.S. Policy

Description: This report outlines Iran's political structure and current leaders, human rights issues, and past and current U.S. relations with Iran.
Date: August 22, 2017
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

China Naval Modernization: Implications for U.S. Navy Capabilities-Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on China's naval modernization effort and its implications for U.S. Navy capabilities. The question of how the United States should respond to China's military modernization effort, including its naval modernization effort, is a key issue in U.S. defense planning and budgeting. Decisions that Congress reaches on this issue could affect U.S. Navy capabilities and funding requirements and the U.S. defense industrial base.
Date: August 18, 2017
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cuba: U.S. Restrictions on Travel and Remittances

Description: On January 14, 2011, the Obama Administration announced a series of policy changes further easing restrictions on travel and remittances to Cuba. This report discusses the history of travel restrictions to Cuba, changes set to take place, and related legislative initiatives.
Date: January 18, 2011
Creator: Mark P. Sullivan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nigeria

Description: This report discusses the current political climate of Nigeria and the resulting issues for Congress. Nigeria, the most populous nation in Africa, with an estimated 146 million people, is one of the United States government's key strategic partners on the continent.
Date: February 20, 2009
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nigeria

Description: This report discusses the political climate, development challenges and reform in Nigeria. The report also considers the social issues and security concerns of Nigeria. In addition, other issues are mentioned, as Congress provides oversight for over $600 million in U.S. foreign assistance programs to Nigeria.
Date: February 12, 2010
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iraq: Post-Saddam Governance and Security

Description: This report discusses the current political and social climate of Iraq, specifically in regards to the influence of the U.S. military presence over recent years. This report addresses planned and possible future efforts under the Obama Administration, including the scheduled gradual troops withdrawal. Some U.S. officials believe that a U.S. military presence is needed beyond the scheduled August 31, 2010 date, by which point all U.S. troops will have been withdrawn. This report also discusses the continued tensions between various Iraqi sociocultural groups.
Date: March 12, 2007
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Latin America and the Caribbean: Issues for the 110th Congress

Description: This report provides an overview of U.S. relations with Latin America and the Caribbean and focuses on the role of Congress and congressional concerns.
Date: July 2, 2008
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.; Cid, Marisabel; Cook, Colleen W.; Hornbeck, J. F.; Rivas, Justin & Ribando Seelke, Clare
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Foreign Policy Roles of the President and Congress

Description: he United States Constitution divides foreign policy powers between the President and the Congress so that both share in the making of foreign policy. The executive and legislative branches each play important roles that are different but that often overlap. Both branches have continuing opportunities to initiate and change foreign policy, and the interaction between them continues indefinitely throughout the life of a policy. This report reviews and illustrates 12 basic ways that the United States can make foreign policy.
Date: June 1, 1999
Creator: Grimmett, Richard F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cuba: U.S. Restrictions on Travel and Remittances

Description: Restrictions on travel to Cuba have been a key and often contentious component in U.S. efforts to isolate the communist government of Fidel Castro for much of the past 40 years. Under the Bush Administration, enforcement of U.S. restrictions on Cuba travel has increased, and restrictions on travel and on private remittances to Cuba have been tightened. Several legislative initiatives have been introduced in the 109th Congress that would ease restrictions on travel and remittances to Cuba. These bills would, among other things, lift overall restrictions on travel to Cuba, lift the overall embargo, and ease restrictions on exporting agricultural commodities to Cuba.
Date: May 17, 2011
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department