Congressional Research Service Reports - Browse

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Dietary Supplements: International Standards and Trade Agreements

Description: The dietary supplement industry has long been concerned about international activities that could have a potential impact on supplement trade. As originally proposed, FDA reform legislation contained provisions on mutual agreements and global harmonization that would have applied to most products under FDA jurisdiction. However, Congress explicitly exempted supplements from the final provisions of the Food and Drug Administration Modernization Act of 1997 (P.L. 105-115), which means that these products are not part of on-going trade discussions.
Date: July 15, 2005
Creator: Porter, Donna V
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Food Safety Provisions of the 2008 Farm Bill

Description: Food safety re-emerged as an issue in the 110th Congress following a series of widely publicized incidents -- including adulterated Chinese seafood and pet food ingredient imports, findings of bacteria-tainted spinach, meat, and poultry produced domestically, and several large food recalls. In 2008, Congress approved a new omnibus farm law that includes, among other provisions, several changes affecting U.S. food safety programs. This report outlines said provisions and explores the issue of food safety and related legislation in detail.
Date: July 1, 2008
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Potential Role of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant in the Recession

Description: This report discusses the potential role that the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant to states may play in mitigating the effects of the recession for poor families with children. The TANF block grant is best known as a funding source for cash welfare. However, it also funds a wide range of benefits, services, and activities for disadvantaged families with children, as well as programs to achieve the goals of reducing out-of-wedlock pregnancies and promoting two-parent families.
Date: April 14, 2009
Creator: Falk, Gene
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Department of Defense Food Procurement: Background and Status

Description: In an effort to reduce costs, adopt commercial practices, and gain technological advantages, the DOD Food Policy Council directed the Defense Supply Center Philadelphia (DSCP) to establish a common food management system. Under DLA, DSCP is the inventory control point for food, clothing, textiles, medicines, medical equipment, general and industrial supplies and services for the military, their eligible dependents, and other non-DOD customers worldwide; under DSCP, the Subsistence Directorate serves as the operational manager for all food operations. This report will describe the origin, authority, policy, and military food acquisition process.
Date: July 12, 2005
Creator: Grasso, Valerie Bailey
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Postage Subsidies for Periodicals: History and Recent Developments

Description: This report describes and assesses the major federal policies that have subsidized postage for periodicals. These policies have been contentious because they involve disputed principles and vexing implementation issues. Some persons believe that periodicals provide important information about politics and government to U.S. citizens, which helps members of the public to discharge their civic duties.
Date: January 22, 2009
Creator: Kosar, Kevin R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Potential Role of the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) Block Grant in the Recession

Description: This report discusses the potential role that the block grant to states of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) may play in mitigating the effects of the recession for poor families with children. It discusses the recession and the economic insecurity of disadvantaged families, the TANF block grand and potential role in the recession, as well as legislative issues.
Date: February 24, 2009
Creator: Falk, Gene
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The FHA Modernization Act of 2008

Description: This report discusses the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) Manufactured Housing Loan Modernization Act of 2008, which makes several amendments to the FHA program that insures loans on manufactured housing loan program under Title I of the National Housing.
Date: February 25, 2009
Creator: Foote, Bruce E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Food Assistance: Hurricane Katrina

Description: This report discusses the federal food assistance programs for those affected by Hurricane Katrina, making them automatically eligible for maximum benefits. It also is providing substantial amounts of direct food aid drawn from its commodity stocks.
Date: September 13, 2005
Creator: Richardson, Joe
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

International Food Aid: U.S. and Other Donor Contributions

Description: The United States is the world's major provider of international food aid to low-income developing countries. This report provides three indicators of the U.S. contribution to global food aid: (1) shipments of major donors compiled by the International Grains Council, (2) U.S. contributions to the United Nations World Food Program (WFP), and (3) the U.S. commitment under the Food Aid Convention (FAC).
Date: May 29, 2008
Creator: Hanrahan, Charles E. & Canada, Carol
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department