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Islamic Finance: Overview and Policy Concerns

Description: This report discusses Islamic finance, which is based on principles of shariah, or "Islamic law." Major financial principles of shariah are a ban on interest, a ban on contractual uncertainty, adherence to risk-sharing and profit-sharing, promotion of ethical investments that enhance society, and asset-backing. While the Islamic finance industry represents a fraction of the global finance market, it has grown at double-digit rates in recent years.
Date: November 30, 2010
Creator: Ilias, Shayerah
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Islamic Finance: Overview and Policy Concerns

Description: The international market for Islamic finance has grown between 10% to 15% annually in recent years. Islamic finance historically has been concentrated in the Persian Gulf countries, but has expanded globally to both Muslim and non-Muslim countries. There is a small but growing market for Islamic finance in the United States. Through international and domestic regulatory bodies, there has been effort to standardize regulations in Islamic finance across different countries and financial institutions, although challenges remain. Critics of Islamic finance express concerns about possible ties between Islamic finance and political agendas or terrorist financing and the use of Islamic finance to circumvent U.S. economic sanctions. Proponents argue that Islamic finance presents significant new business opportunities and provides alternate methods for capital formation and economic development.
Date: July 29, 2008
Creator: Ilias, Shayerah
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Islamic Finance: Overview and Policy Concerns

Description: This report discusses Islamic finance, which is based on principles of shariah, or "Islamic law." Major financial principles of shariah are a ban on interest, a ban on contractual uncertainty, adherence to risk-sharing and profit-sharing, promotion of ethical investments that enhance society, and asset-backing. While the Islamic finance industry represents a fraction of the global finance market, it has grown at double-digit rates in recent years.
Date: February 9, 2009
Creator: Ilias, Shayerah
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

K-12 Education: Special Forms of Flexibility in the Administration of Federal Aid Programs

Description: This report begins with a review of the general nature of federal K-12 education program requirements, including their sources, purposes, and the concerns expressed by some grantees about them. This is followed by a description of the current special flexibility authorities under which many of these requirements may be waived or otherwise made inapplicable, along with an analysis of issues specific to individual authorities. This section is divided between authorities initially adopted before the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB) and authorities initiated in that legislation. The report concludes with an analysis of selected cross-cutting issues regarding these special flexibility authorities overall.
Date: January 10, 2008
Creator: Riddle, Wayne C.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Key Issues in Derivatives Reform

Description: This report provides background related to financial derivatives. It also analyzes market structure and regulation, derivatives reform, legislative proposals and exemptions for end users, safeguards for uncleared over-the-counter (OTC) swaps, and hypothetical examples.
Date: April 8, 2010
Creator: Miller, Rena S.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Key Issues in Derivatives Reform

Description: This report provides background related to financial derivatives. It also analyzes market structure and regulation, derivatives reform, legislative proposals and exemptions for end users, safeguards for uncleared over-the-counter (OTC) swaps, and hypothetical examples.
Date: December 1, 2009
Creator: Miller, Rena S.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Labor Market during the Great Depression and the Current Recession

Description: This report analyzes the labor market experiences of workers during the 1930s, which encompassed the almost five years of the Great Depression. Because it was a period very distant and different from today, considerable time is devoted to examining the employment and unemployment measures available at that time. The report ends by comparing the labor market conditions of the 1930s with those encountered by workers thus far during the recession that began in December 2007.
Date: June 19, 2009
Creator: Levine, Linda
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Legislation Eliminating the Federal Reserve's Surplus

Description: The Fed retains some of its profits in a surplus account, which currently has a balance of $29.3 billion. This report discusses H.Amdt. 824 to the highway bill (H.R. 22) and H.R. 3189, which would permanently eliminate the surplus.
Date: November 20, 2015
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Legislative Options After Citizens United v. FEC: Constitutional and Legal Issues

Description: In Citizens United v. FEC, the Supreme Court invalidated two provisions of the Federal Election Campaign Act (FECA), finding that they were unconstitutional under the First Amendment. In response to the Supreme Court's ruling, various proposals have been discussed and legislation has been introduced in the 111th Congress. This report provides an analysis of the constitutional and legal issues raised by several proposals, organized by regulatory topic: increasing disclaimer requirements, increasing disclosure for tax-exempt organizations, requiring shareholder notification and approval, restricting U.S. subsidiaries of foreign corporations, restricting political expenditures by government contractors and grantees, taxing corporate independent expenditures, and providing public financing for congressional campaigns. The report also addresses amending the Constitution.
Date: July 27, 2010
Creator: Whitaker, L. Paige; Lunder, Erika K.; Manuel, Kate M.; Maskell, Jack & Seitzinger, Michael V.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Leverage Ratios in Bank Capital Requirements

Description: This report provides a summary of leverage ratios used in bank capital requirements. It also explains the concept of leverage and the rationale behind a leverage ratio.
Date: October 31, 2014
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Liability Insurance Controversy

Description: This report discusses liability insurance, as the primary method of managing business related risks that has been recognized as one of the foundations of American commerce.
Date: May 1, 1987
Creator: Whiteman, David
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Liability Insurance Controversy

Description: This report discusses liability insurance, as the primary method of managing business related risks that has been recognized as one of the foundations of American comnerce.
Date: May 1, 1987
Creator: Whiteman, David
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Liability Insurance Crisis

Description: This report discusses liability insurance crisis, including complaints from businesses, professionals , and municipalities as well threat of lawsuits.
Date: June 1, 1987
Creator: Cohen, Henry & Whiteman, David
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Liability Insurance Crisis

Description: This report discusses liability insurance crisis, including complaints from businesses, professionals , and municipalities as well threat of lawsuits.
Date: June 1, 1987
Creator: Cohen, Henry & Whiteman, David
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

LIBOR: Frequently Asked Questions

Description: This report answers frequently asked questions about the London Interbank Offer Rate (LIBOR), which is an estimate of prevailing interest rates in London money market. In particular, it addresses the effects of individual institutions, in response to an admission by Barclays (a British bank) that the bank had submitted false reports to manipulate the index.
Date: July 16, 2012
Creator: Murphy, Edward V.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Limiting Central Government Budget Deficits: International Experiences

Description: This report focuses on how major developed and emerging-market country governments, particularly the G-20 and Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, limit their fiscal deficits.
Date: March 11, 2010
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Limiting Central Government Budget Deficits: International Experiences

Description: This report focuses on how major developed and emerging-market country governments, particularly the G-20 and Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, limit their fiscal deficits.
Date: January 31, 2011
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department