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Treasury Securities and the U.S. Sovereign Credit Default Swap Market

Description: This report explains how the sovereign credit default swap (CDS) market works and how such CDS price trends may illuminate fiscal stresses facing sovereign governments. Although CDS prices may be imperfect measures of the federal government's fiscal condition, some investors may try to glean information from those price trends. CDS prices have been playing an important role in the European government debt markets and could potentially affect U.S debt markets in the future. European policymakers have debated certain restrictions on types of sovereign CDS trading, and such calls for reform may be of interest to U.S. lawmakers.
Date: July 25, 2011
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew & Miller, Rena S.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

What Is Systemic Risk? Does It Apply to Recent JP Morgan Losses?

Description: Systemic risk refers to the possibility that the financial system as a whole might become unstable, rather than the health of individual market participants. Stable financial systems do not transmit or magnify shocks to the broader economy. A firm, person, government, financial utility, or policy might create systemic risk if (1) its failure causes other failures in a domino effect; (2) news about its assets signals that others with similar assets may also be distressed, called contagion; (3) it contributes to fire sales during price declines; or (4) its absence prevents other firms from using an essential service, called critical functions. This report discusses how systemic risk may apply to JP Morgan's recent losses.
Date: May 24, 2012
Creator: Murphy, Edward V.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Banking and Financial Infrastructure Continuity: Pandemic Flu, Terrorism, and Other Challenges

Description: This report outlines the financial sector's recovery plans for two kinds of disasters: the inability to conduct transactions and large losses of asset value. The basic function of the payment system is carried out by banks, and monetary policy affects banks immediately. Because brokers, exchanges, secondary market facilities, and insurance companies carry out crucial financial functions, their regulators and trade associations are involved in continuity of operations planning for contingencies.
Date: May 4, 2009
Creator: Weiss, N. E.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

High Interest Rates: Causes, Consequences, and Issues

Description: This paper reviews the causes of the steep interest rate escalation since 1978 and the persistence of high rates during the recent recession and revival.
Date: January 30, 1984
Creator: Dernburg, Thomas F
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC): Summary of Actions in Support of Housing and Financial Markets

Description: This report discusses recent actions taken by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) in support of housing and financial markets, including: a temporary increase in deposit insurance as required by the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-343), the resolution of bank failures, the development of the Temporary Liquidity Guarantee Program (TLGP), and efforts to reduce foreclosures.
Date: March 5, 2009
Creator: Gonzales, Oscar R. & Getter, Darryl E.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Multilateral Development Banks: U.S. Contributions FY2000-FY2015

Description: This report shows in tabular form how much the Administration requested and how much Congress appropriated for U.S. payments to the multilateral development banks (MDBs) since 2000. It also provides a brief description of the MDBs and the ways they fund their operations.
Date: November 3, 2015
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Economic Analysis of a Mortgage Foreclosure Moratorium

Description: This report discusses the legislation that creates a voluntary program to enable troubled mortgage borrowers and lenders to refinance their loans through the Federal Housing Administration (FHA)
Date: September 12, 2008
Creator: Murphy, Edward Vincent
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The National Debt: Who Bears Its Burden?

Description: This report discusses the burden of a national debt and who bears that burden, which is a matter of Congressional concern since the gross national debt of the United States stands at some $5.5 trillion dollars.
Date: April 7, 2000
Creator: Makinen, Gail E.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Financial Services and General Government (FSGG): FY2015 Appropriations

Description: This report discusses the Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) appropriations bill, which includes funding for the Department of the Treasury, the Executive Office of the President (EOP), the judiciary, the District of Columbia, and more than two dozen independent agencies.
Date: August 28, 2015
Creator: Webel, Baird
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

China's Recent Stock Market Volatility: What Are the Implications?

Description: China's two main stock markets, the Shanghai Stock Exchange (SSE) and the Shenzhen Stock Exchange (SZSE), experienced rapid price increases from about mid-2014 to mid-2015. However, from June 12 to July 7, 2015, the Shanghai and Shenzhen Composite Indices fell by 32% and 40%, respectively. This report briefly examines this volatility and the Chinese government's response.
Date: October 21, 2015
Creator: Morrison, Wayne M. & Nelson, Gabriel M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Designation of Global 'Too Big To Fail' Firms

Description: This report provides background on the the Financial Stability Board's (FSB) designation process for systemically significant financial institutions, but takes no position on any potential benefits or shortcomings of that process.
Date: October 29, 2015
Creator: Miller, Rena S. & Jackson, James K.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Campaign Finance

Description: This report discusses campaign finance practices and related issues. Concerns over financing federal elections have become a seemingly perennial aspect of our political system, centered on the enduring issues of high campaign costs and reliance on interest groups for needed campaign funds. The report talks about the today's paramount issues such as perceived loopholes in current law and the longstanding issues: overall costs, funding sources, and competition.
Date: April 20, 2005
Creator: Cantor, Joseph E.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Risk Management and Critical Infrastructure Protection: Assessing, Integrating, and Managing Threats, Vulnerabilities and Consequences

Description: This report is meant to support congressional oversight by discussing, in more detail, what this task entails and issues that need to be addressed. In particular, the report defines terms (e.g., threat, vulnerability, and risk), discusses how they fit together in a systematic analysis, describes processes and techniques that have been used to assess them, and discusses how the results of that analysis can inform resource allocation and policy.
Date: July 17, 2007
Creator: Moteff, John
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Multilateral Development Banks: U.S. Contributions FY1998-FY2009

Description: This report shows in tabular form how much the Administration requested and how much Congress appropriated during the past 11 years for U.S. payments to the multilateral development banks (MDBs). It also provides a brief description of the MDBs and the ways they fund their operations.
Date: January 27, 2010
Creator: Sanford, Jonathan E.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Securities Law: Insider Trading

Description: Insider trading in securities may occur when a person in possession of material nonpublic information about a company trades in the company's securities and makes a profit or avoids a loss. This report discusses various regulations regarding insider trading violations.
Date: June 18, 2015
Creator: Seitzinger, Michael V.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Leverage Ratios in Bank Capital Requirements

Description: This report provides a summary of leverage ratios used in bank capital requirements. It also explains the concept of leverage and the rationale behind a leverage ratio.
Date: October 31, 2014
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Loan Forgiveness for Public Service Employees Under the William D. Ford Direct Loan Program

Description: The College Cost Reduction and Access Act of 2007 (CCRAA; P.L. 110-84) establishes a new loan forgiveness provision for borrowers of loans made under the William D. Ford Direct Loan (DL) program who are employed in public service jobs for 10 years during the repayment of their loans. This report provides a brief description of the DL program loan forgiveness provision for public service employees and identifies issues that may be addressed as it is implemented.
Date: January 28, 2008
Creator: Smole, David P.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Recovery Rebates and Economic Stimulus for the American People Act of 2008 and Jumbo Mortgages

Description: This report discusses the H.R. 5140, the Recovery Rebates and Economic Stimulus for the American People Act of 2008, which would temporarily increase the maximum size of loans that Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac can purchase, and that the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) can insure.
Date: February 1, 2008
Creator: Weiss, N. Eric
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Financial Services and General Government (FSGG): FY2008 Appropriations

Description: This report is a guide to a new appropriations bill that Congress is considering for the first time this year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Financial Services and General Government. It summarizes the status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity.
Date: July 20, 2007
Creator: Hatch, Garrett L.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Negative Interest Rates

Description: In a few foreign economies, including the euro area, Switzerland, and Japan, central banks have purposely set some short-term interest rates used to carry out monetary policy at negative levels. This report briefly discusses the reasons behind this phenomenon.
Date: April 20, 2016
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department