Congressional Research Service Reports - 104 Matching Results

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Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Description: P.L. 104-193 (the 1996 welfare reform legislation) made major changes to the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program. Some of the changes include requiring states to increase the percentage of fathers identified, establishing an integrated, automated network linking all states to information about the location and assets of parents, and requiring states to implement more enforcement techniques to obtain collections from debtor parents. Additional legislative changes were made in 1997, 1998, and 1999, but not in 2000 or 2001. This report describes several aspects of the revised CSE program and discusses three issues that probably will be reexamined by the 107th Congress — CSE financing, parental access by noncustodial parents, and distribution of support payments.
Date: September 5, 2002
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Child Support Enforcement: New Reforms and Potential Issues

Description: This report discusses the background, issues, enforcement and the reforms of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (P.L. 104-193), signed into law on August 22, 1996, and the major changes made to the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program.
Date: April 16, 1998
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Child Support Enforcement Program

Description: This report provides summary information on the child support enforcement program, established under title IV-D of the Social Security Act. It includes basic program statistics and a description of the administrative structure and major characteristics of the program.
Date: October 5, 1982
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Child Support Enforcement: Program Basics

Description: In FY2004, the CSE program collected $21.9 billion in child support payments and served 15.9 million child support cases. However, the program still collects only 18% of child support obligations for which it has responsibility and collects payments for only 51% of its caseload.
Date: February 15, 2006
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Child Support Provisions Considered But Not Enacted During the 2002-2005 Welfare Reauthorization Debate

Description: Although the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (enacted February 8, 2006) included significant changes to the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program, it did not include many of the child support provisions that had been considered during the preceding four-year debate within the context of welfare reauthorization. This report discusses 12 such provisions that were passed by either the House or the Senate Finance Committee (or both). The Administration has included several of these provisions in its FY2008 budget.
Date: February 15, 2007
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Child Support Provisions in the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-171)

Description: This report discusses the Child Support Enforcement (CSE) program and the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005 (P.L. 109-171). The act will reduce the federal matching rate for laboratory costs associated with paternity establishment from 90% to 66%, end the federal matching of state expenditures of federal CSE incentive payments reinvested back into the program, and require states to assess a $25 annual user fee for child support services provided to families with no connection to the welfare system.
Date: February 14, 2006
Creator: Solomon-Fears, Carmen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Child Welfare and TANF Implementation: Recent Findings

Description: This report examines recent research findings about Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) implementation as it has affected the nation’s child welfare system. The nation’s program of cash aid for needy families with children (TANF) and its program to protect and care for children who are abused or neglected (child welfare services) are linked by history and share some of the same clients who have similar service needs.
Date: July 8, 2002
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Child Welfare: Reauthorization of the Promoting Safe and Stable Families Program in the 107th Congress

Description: This report discusses the reauthorization of the Promoting Safe and Stable Families Amendments of 2001. The new law maintains the FY2001 mandatory funding level, authorizes additional discretionary funding, and grants new program authority to provide mentoring services for children of prisoners. In addition, the enacted legislation allows states to use Promoting Safe and Stable Families funds for infant "safe haven" programs, provides for reallocation of unused program funds, clarifies language defining family support programs, and gives more explicit instructions to the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) regarding use of funds set aside for research, evaluation and technical assistance.
Date: January 24, 2002
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie & Spar, Karen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coverage of the TANF Population Under Medicaid and SCHIP

Description: Health insurance is an important support for individuals receiving, leaving or diverted from the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) welfare or cash assistance program for low-income families. Medicaid and SCHIP (State Children’s Health Insurance Program) are key vehicles for providing such coverage. While there is no formal link between TANF and either Medicaid or SCHIP, some TANF-eligibles, especially children, are likely to qualify for one of these programs. But state eligibility rules can be complex and often differ for parents versus children, leaving some parents, in particular, without coverage.
Date: March 8, 2006
Creator: Herz, Elicia J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coverage of the TANF Population Under Medicaid and SCHIP

Description: Health insurance is an important support for individuals receiving, leaving or diverted from the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) welfare or cash assistance program for low-income families. Medicaid and SCHIP (State Children’s Health Insurance Program) are key vehicles for providing such coverage. While there is no formal link between TANF and either Medicaid or SCHIP, some TANF-eligibles, especially children, are likely to qualify for one of these programs. But state eligibility rules can be complex and often differ for parents versus children, leaving some parents, in particular, without coverage.
Date: January 27, 2005
Creator: Herz, Elicia J
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Early Childhood Education: Preschool Participation, Program Efficacy, and Federal Policy Issues

Description: This report examines what we currently know about preprimary programs, including numbers of children served and their family characteristics; as well as data on the efficacy of preprimary programs in enhancing later learning and other life skills. Current federal programs that serve preschool age children are described, and policy issues which may arise as the federal role in early childhood education is debated are discussed.
Date: January 24, 2005
Creator: McCallion, Gail
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Early Childhood Education: Preschool Participation, Program Efficacy, and Federal Policy Issues

Description: This report examines what we currently know about preprimary programs, including numbers of children served and their family characteristics; as well as data on the efficacy of preprimary programs in enhancing later learning and other life skills. It also discusses federal programs that serve preschool age children are described, and policy issues which may arise as the federal role in early childhood education.
Date: January 19, 2006
Creator: McCallion, Gail
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Elder Justice Act: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides a brief legislative history of the Elder Justice Act, summarizes elder justice provisions enacted as part of ACA, and administrative efforts related to implementation and funding. The report then describes several issues for Congress with respect to the act's reauthorization.
Date: September 3, 2014
Creator: Colello, Kirsten J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA): An Overview

Description: This report discusses the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 (FMLA), as amended, is intended to help employees balance work and family life. The act provides eligible employees with two types of job-protected leave: regular leave and military family leave. In turn, military family leave consists of qualifying exigency leave and military caregiver leave.
Date: August 5, 2013
Creator: Mayer, Gerald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department