Congressional Research Service Reports - 65 Matching Results

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Department of Education Funding: Key Concepts and FAQ

Description: Analyzing the U.S. Department of Education's (ED) budget requires an understanding of a broad range of federal budget and appropriations concepts. This report provides an introduction to these concepts as they are used specifically in the context of the congressional appropriations process for ED.
Date: April 22, 2016
Creator: Gonzalez, Heather B. & Tollestrup, Jessica
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Executive Branch Reorganization and Management Initiatives

Description: This issue brief views reorganization and management as involving the alteration of the program administrative structure and operations of the executive branch for reasons of efficiency, economy, and direction. The underlying issue is who reorganizes or sets management policy—Congress or the President— and by what authority and, also, for what purpose?
Date: April 4, 2003
Creator: Relyea, Harold C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies: FY2013 Appropriations

Description: This report will track and describe actions taken by the Administration and Congress to provide FY2013 appropriations for Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies (CJS) accounts. It also provides an overview of FY2012 appropriations for agencies and bureaus funded as a part of the annual appropriation for CJS.
Date: April 24, 2013
Creator: James, Nathan; Williams, Jennifer D. & Sargent, John F., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Continuity of Operations (COOP) in the Executive Branch: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses the background of COOP planning, discusses elements of an effective COOP plan, and reviews the current policies governing COOP planning in the executive branch. The final two sections address issues and policy questions, including, among other matters, the status of agency preparedness, maintaining COOP preparedness, congressional committee oversight of COOP activity, and funding for contingency planning.
Date: April 21, 2003
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA): Origin, Characteristics, and Institutional Authorities

Description: The Coalition Provisional Authority (CPA or “the authority”) was established approximately one month after United States and coalition forces took control of Baghdad in Iraq on April 9, 2003.1 The authority’s mission was “to restore conditions of security and stability, to create conditions in which the Iraqi people can freely determine their own political future, (including by advancing efforts to restore and establish national and local institutions for representative governance) and facilitating economic recovery, sustainable reconstruction and development. This report discusses two views on how the authority was established, reviews selected characteristics of the authority, identifies statutory reporting requirements concerning the authority and the reconstruction of Iraq, and explores several policy issues.
Date: April 29, 2004
Creator: Halchin, L. Elaine
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

SBA's Office of Inspector General: Overview, Impact, and Relationship with Congress

Description: This report examines the Small Business Administration(SBA), Office of the Inspector General (OIG's) statutory authorities; reporting requirements; funding ($26.9 million in FY2018, including $7 million in supplemental appropriations for overseeing SBA disaster assistance); staffing and organizational structure; and recent activities (audits, investigations, etc.). It also examines the SBA OIG's impact on monetary savings, SBA programs and operations, and legislation affecting the agency. The report concludes with observations concerning the SBA OIG's relationship with Congress.
Date: April 5, 2018
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Selected Interior and Related Agencies Budget Requests for I T 1995

Description: This report reviews the FY 1995 budget request of the Department of the Interior with brief analyses of the budget requests of selected agencies within the department that principally are involved in natural resources programs or activities. This report also provides an overview of the mission of the Department of the Interior, its organization, and its major budget initiatives for FY 1995 .
Date: April 7, 1994
Creator: Greenwood, Alfred R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. National Science Foundation: An Overview

Description: This report discuses the National Science Foundation (NSF), which provides support for investigator-initiated, merit-reviewed, competitively selected awards, state-of-the-art tools, and instrumentation and facilities. The majority of the research supported by the NSF is conducted at U.S. colleges and universities.
Date: April 19, 2006
Creator: Matthews, Christine M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Economic Development Administration: Overview and Issues

Description: The Economic Development Administration (EDA), targeted for elimination or major “reinvention” early in the 104th Congress, gained a new lease on life in the waning days of the 105th. Having been kept alive via appropriations bills since its last authorizing legislation expired in 1982, P.L. 105-393 reauthorized the EDA and its programs for 5 years. On October 27, Congress approved a conference agreement recommending $286.7 million for EDAP and $28 million for S&E, for a totalFY2001 appropriation of$411.9 million for EDA. It became part of the Consolidated Appropriations Act (H.R. 4942, P.L. 106-553) signed into law on December 21, 2000.
Date: April 10, 2002
Creator: Mulock, Bruce K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Economic Development Administration: Overview and Issues

Description: The Economic Development Administration (EDA), targeted for elimination or major “reinvention” early in the 104th Congress, gained a new lease on life in the waning days of the 105th. Having been kept alive via appropriations bills since its last authorizing legislation expired in 1982, P.L. 105-393 reauthorized the EDA and its programs for 5 years. On October 27, Congress approved a conference agreement recommending $286.7 million for EDAP and $28 million for S&E, for a totalFY2001 appropriation of$411.9 million for EDA. It became part of the Consolidated Appropriations Act (H.R. 4942, P.L. 106-553) signed into law on December 21, 2000.
Date: April 11, 2003
Creator: Mulock, Bruce K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congressionally Chartered Nonprofit Organizations ("Title 36 Corporations"): What They Are and How Congress Treats Them

Description: This report discusses a category of congressionally chartered nonprofit organizations that have as their purpose the promotion of patriotic, charitable, educational, and other eleemosynary activities . Title 36 of the United States Code, where such corporate organizations are listed with their charters, was re-codified by law in 1998 (EL 105-225).
Date: April 8, 2004
Creator: Moe, Ronald C
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies (THUD): Fiscal Year 2017 Appropriations

Description: This report discusses the fiscal year 2017 appropriations for the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), the Department of Transportation (DOT), and related agencies. Comparisons between previous and current funding levels and cuts proposed by the Trump Administration are also discussed.
Date: April 5, 2017
Creator: McCarty, Maggie & Peterman, David Randall
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Advisory Committees: An Overview

Description: This report discusses Federal advisory committees, which are created as provisional advisory bodies that can circumvent bureaucratic constraints to collect a variety of viewpoints on specific policy issues. Advisory bodies have been created to address a host of issues, ranging from policies on organ donation to the design and implementation of the Department of Homeland Security. These committees are often created to help the government manage and solve complex or divisive issues.
Date: April 16, 2009
Creator: Ginsberg, Wendy R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Corporation for National and Community Service: Overview of Programs and Funding

Description: This report provides an overview of the Corporation for National and Community Service (CNCS) which is an independent federal agency that administers the programs authorized by two statutes: the National and Community Service Act of 1990 (NCSA; P.L. 101-610), as amended, and the Domestic Volunteer Service Act of 1973 (DVSA; P.L. 93-113), as amended. NCSA and DVSA programs were most recently reauthorized by the Edward M. Kennedy Serve America Act (P.L. 111-13). The report describes programs authorized by these laws and compares CNCS funding for FY2015, FY2016, FY2017, and FY2018.
Date: April 4, 2018
Creator: Fountain, Joselyn H. & Overbay, Abigail R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD): Fiscal Year 2019 Budget Request Fact Sheet

Description: This report provides a brief overview of the FY2019 budget request for the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), with links to relevant Administration budget documents and CRS reports. A list of CRS analysts with expertise on various aspects of the HUD budget is also provided.
Date: April 17, 2018
Creator: McCarty, Maggie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NASA Appropriations and Authorizations: A Fact Sheet

Description: This report provides data on past, current, and proposed appropriations for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. No bills have yet been introduced in the 115th Congress proposing future-year authorizations of NASA appropriations.
Date: April 16, 2018
Creator: Morgan, Daniel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Army Corps of Engineers: Reform Issues for the 107th Congress

Description: This report presents the issues considered by the 107th Congress related to the civil works program of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (Corps). The Corps plans, constructs, and operates water resources facilities primarily for flood control, navigation, and environmental purposes.
Date: April 5, 2001
Creator: Carter, Nicole T
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department