Congressional Research Service Reports - 870 Matching Results

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Update: Who's the Boss at the CFPB

Description: This report is an update regarding the acting director of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, as there were two indivuduals who claimed the right to the job. The Trump Administration appointed acting director, Mick Mulvaney, was confirmed in his position after a lawsuit filed by the previous acting director, Leandra English, was denied by the DC courts.
Date: January 11, 2018
Creator: Brannon, Valerie C. & Cole, Jared P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

HUD Fiscal Year 2018 Appropriations: In Brief

Description: This report describes the Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD's) 2018 budget appropriations. The report tracks progress on FY2018 HUD appropriations and provides detailed account-level, and in some cases sub-account-level, funding information (Table 1) as well as a discussion of selected key issues.
Date: January 8, 2018
Creator: McCarty, Maggie
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Department of Veterans Affairs Fiscal Year 2018 Appropriations

Description: This report focuses on FY2018 appropriations and FY2019 advance appropriations for the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). It includes an overview of the VA, a description of the appropriations, other funding developments through the Veterans Choice Program (VCP), presidential budget requests, and congressional actions.
Date: December 20, 2017
Creator: Panangala, Sidath Viranga
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reauthorization of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) in the 115th Congress

Description: This report considers prominent topics in the 115th Congress's Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) reauthorization debate. Major issues discussed are financing, air traffic control privatization, unmanned aerial vehicles (drones), the Essential Airline Service (EAS), foreign airlines, and certification reform.
Date: November 30, 2017
Creator: Elias, Bart & Tang, Rachel Y.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Presidential Appointments to Full-Time Positions in Independent and Other Agencies During the 114th Congress

Description: This report identifies all nominations during the 114th Congress that were submitted to the Senate for full-time positions in 40 organizations in the executive branch (27 independent agencies, 6 agencies in the Executive Office of the President [EOP], and 7 multilateral organizations) and 4 agencies in the legislative branch. The tables include full-time positions confirmed by the Senate, pay levels for these positions, and appointment action within each agency, with additional summary information across all agencies in an appendix.
Date: November 28, 2017
Creator: Nagel, Jared C. & Greene, Michael
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Who's the Boss at the CFPB?

Description: This report discusses an ongoing dispute over who the new acting director of the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB) is following the resignation of the past director on Nov. 24., 2017. President Trump appointed Mick Mulvaney as the acting director, but the past director had already appointed Leandra English who has filed a lawsuit and asked for a temporary restraining order preventing Mulvaney from performing the duties of director. This report outlines the merits of the case and the President's power to fill vacancies under the Vacancies Act.
Date: November 28, 2017
Creator: Brannon, Valerie C. & Cole, Jared P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FDA Human Medical Product User Fee Programs: In Brief

Description: This report discusses FDA human medical product user fees for prescription drugs, medical devices, generic drugs, and biosimilars which are charged to companies producing the products and make up a large portion of the FDA's revenues. User fees are authorized in legislation on a five-year cycle, with authority for their actual collection and expenditure provided each year through the annual appropriations process. Appendix A outlines various features of the user fee programs.
Date: November 21, 2017
Creator: Dabrowska, Agata; Johnson, Judith A.; Sarata, Amanda K. & Thaul, Susan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Out of Office: Vacancies, Acting Officers, and Day 301

Description: This report discusses the provisions of the Vacancies Act and the upcoming expiration of the time limit for temporary staff to to perform the duties of advice and consent staff positions that are still unfilled. Legal effects of letting the Vacancies Act take effect are also discussed.
Date: November 1, 2017
Creator: Brannon, Valerie C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Presidential Appointments to Full-Time Positions in Executive Departments During the 114th Congress

Description: This report identifies all nominations submitted to the Senate during the 114th Congress for full-time positions in 15 executive departments. Information for each department is presented in tables. The tables include full-time positions confirmed by the Senate, pay levels for these positions, and appointment action within each executive department. Additional summary information across all 15 executive departments appears in the Appendix. During the 114th Congress, the President submitted 102 nominations to the Senate for full-time positions in executive departments. Of these 102 nominations, 64 were confirmed, 8 were withdrawn, and 30 were returned to him in accordance with Senate rules. For those nominations that were confirmed, a mean (average) of 156.1 days elapsed between nomination and confirmation. The median number of days elapsed was 125.5.
Date: October 31, 2017
Creator: Greene, Michael & Nagel, Jared C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Vacancies Act: A Legal Overview

Description: This report first describes how the Vacancies Act operates and outlines its scope, identifying when the Vacancies Act applies to a given office, how it is enforced, and which offices are exempt from its provisions. The report then explains who may serve as an acting officer and for how long, focusing on the limitations the Vacancies Act places on acting service. Finally, the report turns to issues of particular relevance to Congress, primarily highlighting the Vacancies Act's enforcement mechanisms.
Date: October 30, 2017
Creator: Brannon, Valerie C.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Department of Health and Human Services Halts Cost-Sharing Reduction (CSR) Payments

Description: This report discusses the the case "House of Representatives v. Hargan" which was a case by the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) appealing the House's decision to end cost-sharing reduction (CSR) payments. Questions regarding the status of the case and possible legal and legislative methods of restoring CSR payments are addressed.
Date: October 26, 2017
Creator: Liu, Edward C. & Staman, Jennifer A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

GAO Issues Opinions on Applicability of Congressional Review Act to Two Guidance Documents

Description: This report discusses the Government Accountability Office's (GAO) issued opinions regarding whether a 2013 interagency guidance document and a 2016 amendment to the Tongass Land and Resource Management Plan by the Department of Agriculture were considered "rules" and as such be subject to the Congressional Review Act (CRA). The GAO determined neither document was a rule and thus they were not subject to CRA.
Date: October 25, 2017
Creator: Carey, Maeve P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fiscal Year 2018 Appropriations for the Department of Justice

Description: This report discusses proposed appropriations for the Department of Justice (DOJ) for the 2018 fiscal year divided into each department of the DOJ. The Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2017 (P.L. 115-31) appropriated $28.962 billion for DOJ while President Trump's proposed 2018 budget requests $28.205 billion for DOJ which amounts to 2.6% less than the FY2017-enacted appropriation.
Date: October 12, 2017
Creator: James, Nathan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comparing DHS Component Funding, Fiscal Year 2017: Fact Sheet

Description: This report shows the 2016 fiscal year Department of Homeland Security (DHS) budget amounts and the requests for DHS for the 2017 fiscal year. The main chart only shows the original budget request by the Obama Administration and shows supplemental funding requests by the Trump Administration in March 2017 and September 2017 separately.
Date: October 6, 2017
Creator: Painter, William L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Department of State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs: Fiscal Year 2018 Budget and Appropriations

Description: This report outlines the 2018 fiscal year budget request for the State Department, foreign operations, and related programs such as foreign aid. Funding levels requested, major projects for the year, and Congressional actions are discussed.
Date: September 27, 2017
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Lawson, Marian L. & Gill, Cory R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FDA Authorization Act of 2017 (FDARA, P.L. 115-52)

Description: This report presents an overview of the Food and Drug Administration Reauthorization Act (FDARA) of 2017 by title and section, providing a narrative context for each title, as well as a brief description of each section.
Date: September 21, 2017
Creator: Sarata, Amanda K.; Dabrowska, Agata; Johnson, Judith A. & Thaul, Susan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NASA Appropriations and Authorizations: A Fact Sheet

Description: This report provides data on past, current, and proposed NASA appropriations. No bills have yet been introduced in the 115th Congress proposing future-year authorizations of NASA appropriations. Table 1 shows appropriations for NASA from FY2012 through FY2017. The data for FY2012 through FY2016 include supplemental appropriations, rescissions, transfers, reprogramming, and, in the case of FY2013, sequestration, Table 2 shows enacted appropriations for FY2017, and Figure 1 shows NASA's total annual budget authority from the agency's establishment in FY1958 to FY2017, in both current dollars and inflation-adjusted FY2017 dollars.
Date: September 11, 2017
Creator: Morgan, Daniel
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies: Overview of Fiscal Year 2018 Appropriations

Description: This report first presents a brief overview of the major agencies in the annual Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies appropriations bill. It then describes the appropriations requested by President Trump for FY2018. Next, it compares the President's request for FY2018 with appropriations enacted for FY2017. It then compares the amounts in H.R. 3354, as reported by the House Appropriations Committee, with FY2017 enacted appropriations and with FY2018 appropriations requested by the President.
Date: August 29, 2017
Creator: Vincent, Carol Hardy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Justice Department''s Role in Cyber Incident Response

Description: This report outlines the federal framework for cyber incident response, highlighting the Department of Justice's (DOJ's) role in this response. It also discusses challenges for federal law enforcement and potential policy issues for Congress.
Date: August 23, 2017
Creator: Finklea, Kristin
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department