Congressional Research Service Reports - Browse

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Energy Costs and Agriculture

Description: U.S. agriculture is not an especially energy-intensive industry, but energy does account for about 6% of farm production costs. Additionally, farming is a highly mechanized industry and requires timely energy supplies at particular stages of the production cycle in order to achieve optimum yields. A substantial part of energy use by agriculture is indirect —embodied in the chemicals applied and machinery used on farms.
Date: April 24, 2001
Creator: Heykoop, Jerry
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Biofuels Incentives: A Summary of Federal Programs

Description: This report outlines federal programs that provide direct or indirect incentives for biofuels. For each program described, the report provides details including administering agency, authorizing statute(s), annual funding, and expiration date.
Date: July 29, 2008
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy: Selected Facts and Numbers

Description: This report discusses the energy policy that has been a recurring issue for Congress since the first major crisis in the 1970s. The report offers a general view of energy consumption trends, and Table 1 shows consumption by economic sector — residential, commercial, transportation, and industry — from 1950 to the present.
Date: August 8, 2008
Creator: Glover, Carol & Behrens, Carl E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gasoline and Oil Prices

Description: This report examines the extent of price increases in gasoline and oil, focuses on the linkage between the two, and analyzes the causes of the price increases, and the likelihood that they might be reversed through market responses, or policy measures.
Date: August 20, 2008
Creator: Pirog, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

DOD Alternative Fuels: Policy, Initiatives and Legislative Activity

Description: This report provides background information and identifies issues for Congress regarding Department of Defense (DOD) alternative fuel initiatives, a subject of debate at congressional hearings on DOD's proposed FY2013 budget. The services (the Army, Navy, and Air Force) have spent approximately $48 million to purchase alternative fuels, and the Navy has proposed a $170 million investment in biofuel production capacity. The services have also spent funds on testing, certification and demonstrations of alternative fuels. By comparison, DOD purchases of petroleum fuels totaled approximately $17.3 billion in FY2011.
Date: February 11, 2013
Creator: Blakeley, Katherine
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy: Selected Facts and Numbers

Description: This report discusses the energy policy that has been a recurring issue for Congress since the first major crisis in the 1970s. The report offers a general view of energy consumption trends, Table 1 shows consumption by economic sector — residential, commercial, transportation, and industry — from 1950 to the present.
Date: August 8, 2008
Creator: Glover, Carol & Behrens, Carl E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Clean Energy Standard: Design Elements, State Baseline Compliance and Policy Considerations

Description: This report evaluates design elements of previous Clean Energy Standards (CES) proposals, summarizes the Administration’s CES policy framework, provides state-level baseline CES compliance analysis, and presents several policy options that Congress might consider as part of a CES debate.
Date: March 25, 2011
Creator: Brown, Phillip
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Market for Biomass-Based Diesel Fuel in the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS)

Description: This report discusses the current market for biomass-based diesel (BBD) fuels and their corresponding RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) under the RFS. It examines the role that the RIN market may play as an economic incentive for the production of biodiesel and other BBD fuels in the future.
Date: February 11, 2011
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Rising Energy Competition and Energy Security in Northeast Asia: Issues for U.S. Policy

Description: This report analyzes how China, Japan, and South Korea's pursuits to bolster their energy security impacts U.S. interests. It also examines decisions being made by Asian states now that will significantly shape global affairs in the future, how these decisions might play out, and how Congress and the executive branch might play a role in those decisions.
Date: May 13, 2008
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Regulation of Energy Derivatives

Description: This report analyzes the development of regulation for energy derivatives (financial contracts whose value is linked to changes in the price of some energy product). Regulation may be needed [1] to help prevent abusive trading and price manipulation, and [2] to help prevent the failure of a large derivatives dealer which could trigger disruptions of supplies and prices in oil and gas markets.
Date: July 7, 2008
Creator: Jickling, Mark
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department