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Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues

Description: This report discusses budget issues regarding renewable energy programs. In the 108th Congress, debate over renewable energy programs has focused on tax credits, incentives, budget, and provisions of the omnibus energy policy bill H.R. 6.
Date: December 1, 2004
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Gasoline Prices: New Legislation and Proposals

Description: This report discusses policy options for Congress regarding gas prices. The high price of gasoline was an important consideration during the debate on major energy legislation, which ended with the Energy Policy Act of 2005, H.R. 6 (P.L. 109-58). However, prices continued to surge, due to a large number of factors, such as the effects of Hurricane Katrina on Gulf Coast refineries, an increased world demand for crude oil, and inadequate U.S. refinery capacity.
Date: December 5, 2005
Creator: Behrens, Carl E. & Glover, Carol
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues

Description: This report provides background an analysis of renewably energy, its contribution to the national energy supply, role in the long-term energy supply, history, relevant provisions considered during the 109th Congress, relation to the Department of Energy (DOE) budget for FY2006, energy production, and relation to climate change. It also includes information about relevant legislation, Congressional hearings, reports, and documents, and other resources.
Date: December 14, 2005
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Alternative Fuels and Advanced Technology Vehicles: Issues in Congress

Description: This report discusses the increasing attention being paid to alternative fuels and advanced technology vehicles, the proponents of which point to their potential to improve urban air quality, decrease dependence on foreign oil, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The report also discusses the major barriers currently preventing widespread use of such technologies, and discusses these technologies in the particular contexts of the 2005 Gulf Coast hurricanes and the Energy Policy Act of 2005.
Date: November 22, 2005
Creator: Yacobucci, Brent D.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

DOE's Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): A Primer, with Appropriations for FY2016

Description: This report discusses the Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE), which is tasked with the lead role to address electric infrastructure needs and issues, such as: increased use of distributed (mostly renewable energy) resources, Internet-enabled demand response technologies, growing loads from electric vehicle use, continued expansion of natural gas use, and integration of energy storage devices.
Date: February 9, 2016
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iraq’s Trade with the World: Data and Analysis

Description: This report provides detailed trade information and statistics on Iraq’s trade with the world from 2001 to 2003, highlighting its major trading partners. Data on U.S. trade with Iraq from 2002 to 2004 are also provided.
Date: March 25, 2005
Creator: Jones, Vivian C.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Greenhouse Gas Emission Drivers: Population, Economic Development and Growth, and Energy Use

Description: The interactions of three variables underlie debates on the issue of climate change and what responses might be justified: the magnitude and rates of change of (1) population growth, (2) incomes, and (3) intensity of greenhouse gas emissions relative to economic activities. This report examines the interrelationships of the variables to explore their implications for policies that address climate change.
Date: March 5, 2010
Creator: Blodgett, John & Parker, Larry
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Greenhouse Gas Emission Drivers: Population, Economic Development and Growth, and Energy Use

Description: The interactions of three variables underlie debates on the issue of climate change and what responses might be justified: the magnitude and rates of change of (1) population growth, (2) incomes, and (3) intensity of greenhouse gas emissions relative to economic activities. This report examines the interrelationships of the variables to explore their implications for policies that address climate change.
Date: December 31, 2008
Creator: Blodgett, John & Parker, Larry
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Solar Projects: DOE Section 1705 Loan Guarantees

Description: This report discusses the solar energy initiative and the political implications. The objective of this report is to provide Congress with insight regarding solar projects supported by Department of Energy (DOE’s) loan guarantee program, the risk characteristics of these projects, and how other DOE loan guarantee projects are either similar to or different from the Solyndra solar manufacturing project.
Date: October 25, 2011
Creator: Brown, Phillip
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy Provisions in the 2014 Farm Bill (P.L. 113-79)

Description: This report focuses on the policies contained in the 2014 farm bill that support agriculture based renewable energy, especially biofuels. The introductory sections of this report briefly describe how U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) bioenergy policies evolved and how they fit into the larger context of U.S. biofuels policy.
Date: March 12, 2014
Creator: Schnepf, Randy
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Issues Affecting Tidal, Wave, and In-Stream Generation Projects

Description: This report provides an overview of developments and considerations regarding wave, tidal, and in-stream energy generation technology. It summarizes federal involvement in the regulation of this new industry and highlights current issues in the field.
Date: May 2, 2007
Creator: Lane, Nic
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Low-Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)

Description: This report provides background on the Low-Income Home Energy Assistance program (LIHEAP), originally established in 1981 by Title XXVI of P.L. 97-35 and reauthorized several times. It is a block grant program under which the federal government gives states, the District of Columbia, U.S. territories and commonwealths, and Indian tribal organizations (referred to as grantees) annual grants to operate multi-component home energy assistance programs for needy households.
Date: January 27, 2003
Creator: Stoltzfus, Emilie
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Renewable Energy: Tax Credit, Budget, and Electricity Production Issues

Description: Renewable energy is derived from resources that are generally not depleted by human use, such as the sun, wind, and water movement. This report discusses various aspects of policy regarding renewable energy including tax credits and budget legislation.
Date: June 16, 2005
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Keystone XL Pipeline Project: Key Issues

Description: This report describes the Keystone XL pipeline project, as proposed by TransCanada in its May 4, 2012, Presidential Permit application, and the process and procedures that the State Department is obligated to complete in processing that permit application. It also summarizes issues that arose during the 2008 permit application process, particularly those that may affect the current permit application. This report also summarizes key arguments that have been raised, both for and against the pipeline, by the pipeline’s developers, state and federal agencies, environmental groups, and other stakeholders. Finally, the report reviews the constitutional basis for the State Department’s authority to issue a Presidential Permit, and opponents’ possible challenges to this authority.
Date: November 5, 2012
Creator: Parfomak, Paul W.; Pirog, Robert; Luther, Linda & Vann, Adam
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Hydraulic Fracturing and Safe Drinking Water Act Regulatory Issues

Description: This report reviews past and proposed treatment of hydraulic fracturing under the Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA), the principal federal statute for regulating the underground injection of fluids to protect groundwater sources of drinking water. It reviews current SDWA provisions for regulating underground injection activities, and discusses some possible implications of the enactment of legislation authorizing EPA to regulate hydraulic fracturing (beyond diesel) under this statute.
Date: January 10, 2013
Creator: Tiemann, Mary & Vann, Adam
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Latin America: Energy Supply, Political Developments, and U.S. Policy Approaches

Description: This report examines Latin America’s current political environment and its apparent effect on energy production in the region. It also discusses efforts to help many Latin American and Caribbean countries dependent on energy imports, including Venezuela’s preferential oil programs, the Mexico-led Meso-American Energy Integration Program, and U.S.-Brazilian cooperation on biofuels. The report also examines policy approaches that have been proposed for increased hemispheric energy cooperation, congressional interest in the topic of hemispheric energy security, and related legislative initiatives.
Date: April 23, 2008
Creator: Sullivan, Mark P.; Rush, Rebecca G. & Ribando Seelke, Clare
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Renewable Energy Portfolio Standard (RPS): Background and Debate Over a National Requirement

Description: This report discusses the renewable energy portfolio standard (RPS), under which retail electricity suppliers (electric utilities) must provide a minimum amount of electricity from renewable energy resources or purchase tradable credits that represent an equivalent amount of renewable energy production. The minimum requirement is often set as a percentage share of retail electricity sales.
Date: December 5, 2007
Creator: Sissine, Fred
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Renewable Energy Programs in the 2008 Farm Bill

Description: This report discuses the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 (P.L. 110-246, the 2008 farm bill) that extends and expands many of the renewable energy programs originally authorized in the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002.
Date: August 13, 2010
Creator: Stubbs, Megan
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Nuclear Energy Policy

Description: This report discusses the nuclear energy policy issues facing Congress, which include the implementation of federal incentives for new commercial reactors, radioactive waste management policy, research and development priorities, power plant safety and regulation, and security against terrorist attacks.
Date: July 20, 2006
Creator: Holt, Mark
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy Policy: Setting the Stage for the Current Debate

Description: This report discusses the energy policy. Comprehensive energy legislation was introduced in the Senate by both parties by late March (S. 388, S. 389, S. 596, S. 597).
Date: January 14, 2003
Creator: Bamberger, Robert L.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy-Water Nexus: The Water Sector’s Energy Use

Description: This report provides background on energy for facilities that treat and deliver water to end users and also dispose of and discharge wastewater. Energy use for water is a function of many variables, including water source (surface water pumping typically requires less energy than groundwater pumping), treatment (high ambient quality raw water requires less treatment than brackish or seawater), intended end-use, distribution (water pumped long distances requires more energy), amount of water loss in the system through leakage and evaporation, and level of wastewater treatment (stringency of water quality regulations to meet discharge standards).
Date: December 1, 2014
Creator: Copeland, Claudia
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Trade Deficit and the Impact of Changing Oil Prices

Description: Petroleum prices rose sharply in the first half of 2008, at one time reaching more than $140 per barrel of crude oil. This report provides an estimate of the initial impact of the changing oil prices on the nation’s merchandise trade deficit.
Date: July 14, 2009
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department