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Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response: The SAFER Grant Program

Description: In response to concerns over the adequacy of firefighter staffing, the Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response Act—popularly called the “SAFER Act”—was enacted by the 108th Congress as Section 1057 of the FY2004 National Defense Authorization Act (P.L. 108-136). The SAFER Act authorizes grants to career, volunteer, and combination local fire departments for the purpose of increasing the number of firefighters to help communities meet industry-minimum standards and attain 24-hour staffing to provide adequate protection from fire and fire-related hazards. Concern over local fire departments' budgetary problems has framed debate over the SAFER reauthorization, which is included in S. 550/H.R. 2269, the Fire Grants Authorization Act of 2011. Previously in the 111th Congress, reauthorization legislation for SAFER was passed by the House, but was not passed by the Senate. As part of the reauthorization debate, Congress may consider whether some SAFER rules and restrictions governing the hiring grants should be eliminated or altered in order to make it economically feasible for more fire departments to participate in the program.
Date: January 3, 2012
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response: The SAFER Grant Program

Description: In response to concerns over the adequacy of firefighter staffing, the Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response Act—popularly called the “SAFER Act”—was enacted by the 108th Congress as Section 1057 of the FY2004 National Defense Authorization Act (P.L. 108-136). The SAFER Act authorizes grants to career, volunteer, and combination local fire departments for the purpose of increasing the number of firefighters to help communities meet industry-minimum standards and attain 24-hour staffing to provide adequate protection from fire and fire-related hazards. Also authorized are grants to volunteer fire departments for recruitment and retention of volunteers. With the economic turndown adversely affecting budgets of local governments, concerns have arisen that modifications to the SAFER statute may be necessary to enable fire departments to more effectively participate in the program.
Date: February 14, 2012
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response: The SAFER Grant Program

Description: This report discusses the adequate staffing for Fire and Emergency Response. It describes the SAFER Act, which was enacted by the 108th Congress as Section 1057 of the FY2004 National Defense Authorization Act (P.L. 108-136). The Department of Defense and Continuing Appropriations Act, 2011 (P.L. 112-10) funded SAFER at $405 million.
Date: June 1, 2012
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response: The SAFER Grant Program

Description: This report discusses Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response (SAFER) Act, which was enacted by the 108th Congress as Section 1057 of the FY2004 National Defense Authorization Act (P.L. 108-136). It includes background of the SAFER Act, appropriations from FY2011-FY2013, reauthorization of the program in the House and Senate, and information about program implementation.
Date: June 8, 2012
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA)

Description: This report contains information on how to ascertain if an individual is eligible for Disaster Unemployment Assistance (DUA) benefits.
Date: June 23, 2015
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Weather-Related Power Outages and Electric System Resiliency

Description: This report focuses on the impacts of sustained power outages as might result from the result of seasonal storms, and whether there is a role for the federal government in hastening the restoration of power from weather-related outages.
Date: August 28, 2012
Creator: Campbell, Richard J.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

United States Fire Administration: An Overview

Description: The report discusses the U.S. Fire Administration (USFA), which is an entity within the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) of the Department of Homeland Security (DHS).
Date: June 2, 2008
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wildfire Fuels and Fuel Reduction

Description: This report examines wildfire biomass fuels. It begins with a discussion of fuel characteristics and their relation to wildfire intensity and spread. This is followed with a description of actions proposed to reduce biomass fuel levels, their effectiveness for protecting property and resources from wildfires, and their impacts on other resource values. It concludes with an examination of the federal authorities for fuel reduction activities on federal and non-federal lands, together with data on the funding provided under each of these authorities.
Date: September 16, 2009
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Wildfire Damages to Homes and Resources: Understanding Causes and Reducing Losses

Description: Wildfires are getting more severe, with more acres and houses burned and more people at risk. This results from excess biomass in the forests, due to past logging and grazing and a century of fire suppression, combined with an expanding wild land-urban interface-more people and houses in and near the forests-and climate change, exacerbating drought and insect and disease problems. This report looks at the causes of wildfires, and the pros and cons of their treatment.
Date: March 12, 2012
Creator: Bracmort, Kelsi
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Public Health and Medical Response to Disasters: Federal Authority and Funding

Description: This report examines (1) the authorities and coordinating mechanisms of the President and the Secretary of HHS in providing routine assistance, and assistance pursuant to emergency or major disaster declarations and/or public health emergency determinations; (2) mechanisms to assure a coordinated federal response to public health and medical emergencies, and overlaps or gaps in agency responsibilities; and (3) existing mechanisms, potential gaps, and proposals for financing the costs of a response to public health and medical emergencies.
Date: August 1, 2008
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Public Health and Emergency Preparedness: CRS Experts

Description: This table provides access to names and contact information for CRS experts on policy concerns relating to public health and emergency preparedness.
Date: February 10, 2011
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Public Health and Emergency Preparedness: CRS Experts

Description: This table provides access to names and contact information for CRS experts on policy concerns relating to public health and emergency preparedness.
Date: March 17, 2011
Creator: Lister, Sarah A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Disaster Assistance Response and Recovery Programs: Brief Summaries

Description: This report is designed to assist Members of Congress and their staff as they address the needs of their states, communities, and constituents after a disaster. It includes a summary of federal programs that provide federal disaster assistance to individual survivors, states, territories, local governments, and nongovernmental entities following a natural or man-made disaster.
Date: July 9, 2015
Creator: Torsell, Carolyn V. & Nagel, Jared C.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Stafford Act Declarations 1953-2014: Trends, Analyses, and Implications for Congress

Description: This report discusses the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act, which authorizes the President to issue declarations that provide states and localities with a range of federal assistance in response to natural and man-made incidents.
Date: July 14, 2015
Creator: Lindsay, Bruce R. & McCarthy, Francis X.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FEMA's Hazard Mitigation Grant Program: Overview and Issues

Description: This report provides an overview and discussion of federal hazard mitigation assistance. Hazard mitigation can potentially reduce federal costs by decreasing the level of damage from future disasters. Of the $96.1 billion expended for disaster assistance since 1989, FEMA allocated $4.4 billion for hazard mitigation activities to prevent or ease the impact of natural disasters.
Date: March 25, 2009
Creator: Love, Natalie P.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

DHS Appropriations FY2016: Protection, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery

Description: This report is part of a suite of reports that discuss appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) for FY2016. It specifically discusses appropriations for the components of DHS included in the third title of the homeland security appropriations bill--the National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD), the Office of Health Affairs (OHA), and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). Collectively, Congress has labeled these components in the appropriations act in recent years as "Protection, Preparedness, Response, and Recovery."
Date: September 8, 2015
Creator: Painter, William L.; Moteff, John D.; Lister, Sarah A.; Lindsay, Bruce R.; McCarthy, Francis X. & Kruger, Lennard G.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Emergency Communications Legislation: Implications for the 110th Congress

Description: This report discusses the legislation addressing communications among first responders focused first on interoperability -- the capability of different systems to connect -- with provisions in the Homeland Security Act (P.L. 107-296).
Date: August 5, 2008
Creator: Moore, Linda K.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

California Drought: Hydrological and Regulatory Water Supply Issues

Description: This report provides a summary of California's 2012-2015 drought including: comparisons, where applicable, to previous droughts; a summary of the key regulatory requirements that at certain times limit water deliveries (or exports) from the San Joaquin and Sacramento Rivers' Delta; and a brief discussion of California water rights with their relation to different types of federal contracts and their associated water allocations.
Date: August 14, 2015
Creator: Cody, Betsy A.; Folger, Peter & Brown, Cynthia
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Flood Policy Challenges: Lessons from the 2008 Midwest Flood

Description: This report provides a primer on recent developments, the federal role in flood policy, and the limitations of levees and dams. It also discusses lessons from the 2008 Midwest flood compared to the 1993 flood, and the evolution of U.S. flood policy. It pays particular attention to the role of Congress and federal agencies and programs, and the available tools for addressing the nation's flood challenge.
Date: February 5, 2009
Creator: Carter, Nicole T.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

HUD's Response to Hurricane Katrina

Description: This report discusses the response of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to Hurricane Katrina.
Date: January 5, 2006
Creator: McCarty, Maggie; Perl, Libby & Foote, Bruce E
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Homeland Security Grants: Evolution of Program Guidance and Grant Allocation Methods

Description: This CRS report explains the evolving administrative guidance that governs the three homeland security assistance programs, discusses the changing DHS requirements for grant applications and subsequent reporting by recipients, describes the DHS grant allocation methods, and identifies pertinent oversight questions that may be of interest to Congress.
Date: August 7, 2006
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The 2009 Influenza A(H1N1) "Swine Flu" Outbreak: U.S. Responses to Global Human Cases

Description: This report discusses the April 2009 outbreak of the influenza strain known as H1N1, or swine influenza. This report describes the distribution of the virus and the statistics of affected areas, as well as international and U.S. efforts to treat infected persons, respond to outbreaks in various countries, and prepare for a possible influenza pandemic.
Date: May 26, 2008
Creator: Salaam-Blyther, Tiaji
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Emergency Relief for Disaster-Damaged Roads and Transit Systems: In Brief

Description: This report describes Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) assistance for the repair and reconstruction of highways and bridges damaged by disasters (such as Hurricane Sandy in 2012) or catastrophic failures (such as the collapse of the Skagit River Bridge in Washington State in 2013).
Date: October 2, 2015
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department