Congressional Research Service Reports - Browse

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Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies
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Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies
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Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies
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Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies
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Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies
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Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies
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Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies
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Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies
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Sex Discrimination in Education: Overview of Title IX
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Education Vouchers: Constitutional Issues and Cases
This report details the constitutional standards that currently apply to indirect aid programs and summarizes all of the pertinent state and federal court decisions, including the Ohio case that will be heard by the Supreme Court. On September 25, 2001, the Supreme Court agreed to review a case raising the controversial issue of the constitutionality of education vouchers. In Zelman v. Simmons-Harris the Sixth Circuit held Ohio’s Pilot Scholarship Program, which provided up to $2500 to help low-income students in Cleveland’s public schools attend private schools in the city, to violate the establishment of religion clause of the First Amendment.
Education Vouchers: Constitutional Issues and Cases
This report details the constitutional standards that currently apply to indirect aid programs and summarizes all of the pertinent state and federal court decisions, including the Ohio case that will be heard by the Supreme Court. On September 25, 2001, the Supreme Court agreed to review a case raising the controversial issue of the constitutionality of education vouchers. In Zelman v. Simmons-Harris the Sixth Circuit held Ohio’s Pilot Scholarship Program, which provided up to $2500 to help low-income students in Cleveland’s public schools attend private schools in the city, to violate the establishment of religion clause of the First Amendment.
Education Vouchers: Constitutional Issues and Cases
This report details the constitutional standards that currently apply to indirect aid programs and summarizes all of the pertinent state and federal court decisions, including the Ohio case that will be heard by the Supreme Court. On September 25, 2001, the Supreme Court agreed to review a case raising the controversial issue of the constitutionality of education vouchers. In Zelman v. Simmons-Harris the Sixth Circuit held Ohio’s Pilot Scholarship Program, which provided up to $2500 to help low-income students in Cleveland’s public schools attend private schools in the city, to violate the establishment of religion clause of the First Amendment.
Education Vouchers: Constitutional Issues and Cases
This report details the constitutional standards that currently apply to indirect school aid programs and summarizes all of the pertinent Supreme Court decisions, with particular attention to Zelman. It also summarizes the pending case of Davey v. Locke and other recent and ongoing state and lower federal court cases concerning vouchers.
Education Vouchers: Constitutional Issues and Cases
This report details the constitutional standards that currently apply to indirect aid programs and summarizes all of the pertinent state and federal court decisions, including the Ohio case that will be heard by the Supreme Court. On September 25, 2001, the Supreme Court agreed to review a case raising the controversial issue of the constitutionality of education vouchers. In Zelman v. Simmons-Harris the Sixth Circuit held Ohio’s Pilot Scholarship Program, which provided up to $2500 to help low-income students in Cleveland’s public schools attend private schools in the city, to violate the establishment of religion clause of the First Amendment.
Metropolitan School Desegregation
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Prayer and Religion in the Public Schools: What Is, and Is Not, Permitted
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Article Packet: Background Information on Seatbelts in School Buses
This notice from the Department of Transportation, denies a petition for rule-making filed by Physicians for Automotive Safety (PAS), asking this agency to mandate the installation of seat belts on all school buses. NHTSA believes that the currently mandated occupant protections in school buses provide an adequate level of safety protection, and that seat belts would not raise the level of protection for the occupants unless States and local jurisdictions were willing to take steps to ensure that the seat belts were actually used.
School Prayer
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Sex Discrimination in Education: Title IX
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Education-Related Hurricane Relief: Legislative Action
This report provides an overview of the waivers that have been granted by the Department of Education in response to the Gulf Coast hurricanes; three public laws that have been enacted, specifically to provide financial relief to postsecondary students and institutions of higher education; and education-related hurricane relief provisions included in FY2006 defense appropriations. For K-12 education, the latter provides several waivers of existing requirements and appropriates $1.4 billion, primarily to restart school operations in affected areas and to provide emergency impact aid grants to schools serving displaced students. For higher education, P.L. 109-148 provides waivers of existing requirements and makes available $200 million to provide assistance under various HEA programs.
Teacher Quality Enhancement Grants (Title II, Part A of the Higher Education Act): Overview and Reauthorization Issues
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The School Prayer Controversy: Pro-Con Arguments
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The School Prayer Controversy: Pro-Con Arguments
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The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act: Paperwork in Special Education
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The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Selected Changes that Would be Made to the Law by H.R. 1350, 108th Congress
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Civil Rights Legislation: Responses to Grove City College v. Bell
This report discusses how broad should the coverage of Federal civil rights laws be? This was the central issue in the debate over legislation introduced in response to the February 1984 U.S. Supreme Court decision in Grove City College v. Bell.
Education Funding Issues for FY89
Congress considers annually the funding level for all programs administered by U.S. Department of Education (ED). The debate in this process has focused on how much the Federal Government should spend on education , and what, if any, program changes might be necessary to achieve these levels.
Reading Instruction: New Federal Initiatives
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Federal Tax Benefits for Families' K-12 Education Expenses in the Context of School Choice
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Federal Tax Benefits for Families' K-12 Education Expenses in the Context of School Choice
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Federal Tax Benefits for Families' K-12 Education Expenses in the Context of School Choice
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National Security Education Program: Background and Issues
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Rural Education: Legislative Initiatives
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E-Rate for Schools: Background on Telecommunications Discounts Through the Universal Service Fund
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Military Recruitment Provisions Under the No Child Left Behind Act: A Legal Analysis
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Education Vouchers: Constitutional Issues and Cases
This report details the constitutional standards that currently apply to indirect aid programs and summarizes all of the pertinent state and federal court decisions, including the Ohio case that will be heard by the Supreme Court. On September 25, 2001, the Supreme Court agreed to review a case raising the controversial issue of the constitutionality of education vouchers. In Zelman v. Simmons-Harris the Sixth Circuit held Ohio’s Pilot Scholarship Program, which provided up to $2500 to help low-income students in Cleveland’s public schools attend private schools in the city, to violate the establishment of religion clause of the First Amendment.
Trio and GEAR UP Programs: Status and Issues
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The Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act: Reauthorization and Appropriations
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The Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act: Reauthorization and Appropriations
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The Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act: Reauthorization and Appropriations
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The Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act: Reauthorization and Appropriations
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The Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Act: Reauthorization and Appropriations
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The Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Program: Background and Context
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The Safe and Drug-Free Schools and Communities Program: Background and Context
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Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Current Funding Trends
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Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): Issues Regarding "Full Funding" of Part B Grants to States
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Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): State Grant Formulas
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Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): State Grant Formulas
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Concurrent Enrollment Programs
Initiated in part as a proposal to reform U.S. high schools, concurrent enrollment programs enable high school aged students to take college level course work and receive college credit while enrolled in high school. Concurrent enrollment programs can be best described as a secondary/postsecondary school hybrid. This report provides a brief history of these programs and a description of the different types of programs, including participation data.
School Facilities Infrastructure: Background and Legislative Proposals
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