Congressional Research Service Reports - 242 Matching Results

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Early Childhood Education: Federal Policy Issues

Description: This report examines what we currently know about preprimary programs including numbers of children served and their family characteristics; as well as data on the efficacy of preprimary programs in enhancing later learning and other life skills. Current federal programs that serve preschool age children are described, and policy issues which may arise as the federal role in early childhood education is debated, are discussed.
Date: February 20, 2004
Creator: McCallion, Gail
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies

Description: This report addresses the controversial issues surrounding the E-rate program's implementation and subsequent legislative measures introduced to address these issues. An additional issue, concern that minors may gain access to "inappropriate" material through the Internet has also had an impact on the E-rate program.
Date: November 10, 2004
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Teacher Recruitment and Retention: Federal, State, and Local Programs

Description: The recruitment and retention of a high-quality teaching force is critical to the future success of our nation's school system. To address this issue, a wide range of programs have been put into place at the federal, state, and local levels in recent years. This report is to review the range of these efforts nationwide and provide a context for the issues that may yet arise during HEA reauthorization.
Date: January 7, 2005
Creator: Kuenzi, Jeffrey J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-Determination Act of 2000: Forest Service Payments to Counties

Description: This report describes the issues that Congress has debated relating to The Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-Determination Act of 2000 (P.L. 106-393), which may again arise when the program expires in 2011, and explains the changes enacted for the program.
Date: October 8, 2008
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

K-12 Education: Highlights of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (P.L. 107-110)

Description: This report outlines major highlights of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLBA). Only the most basic provisions of this act are briefly described in this report; other CRS reports provide more specific and substantial analyses of the major provisions of the NCLBA.
Date: January 15, 2003
Creator: Riddle, Wayne
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Education for the Disadvantaged: Overview of ESEA Title I-A Amendments Under the No Child Left Behind Act

Description: This report provides an overview of aspects of Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) Title I-A which were substantially amended by the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLBA); elements of the program which are important but which were not substantially revised by the NCLBA (such as parental involvement requirements) are not discussed in this report.
Date: April 6, 2004
Creator: Riddle, Wayne
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

K-12 Teacher Quality: Issues and Legislative Action

Description: This report provides a brief overview of some of the most salient issues regarding the K-12 teaching force, describes the current federal role in this area, describes major federal programs, and tracks major legislative action by the Congress.
Date: March 21, 2008
Creator: Kuenzi, Jeffrey J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Charter School Programs Authorized by the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA Title V-B): A Primer

Description: This report provides an overview of each of the three charter school programs included in Title V-B of the Elementary and Secondary Education ActE (SEA). It also discusses national activities that are authorized under Title V-B-1. It concludes with a discussion of substantive changes that have been made to these programs through annual appropriations acts since FY2010.
Date: April 22, 2014
Creator: Skinner, Rebecca R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Financial Aid for Students: Print and Web Guides

Description: This report provides a list of books and Web addresses intended to help students locate financial aid. This list includes both general and comprehensive works, as well as ones targeted toward specific types of aid and circumstances (e.g., non-need-based scholarships, female and minority students, or students studying abroad).
Date: November 2, 2004
Creator: Mages, Lisa
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Elementary and Secondary School Teachers: Action by the 106th Congress

Description: The quality and quantity of public elementary and secondary school teachers are of increasing concern to the 106th Congress. Although states and localities are responsible for most aspects of teacher preparation, recruitment, and employment, the federal government supports a wide array of programs for teachers. Several of these programs are being considered for amendment and extension by the 106th Congress including the Eisenhower Professional Development program and the Class Size Reduction program. The 106th Congress has before it a wide array of legislative proposals to address teacher issues. Action has occurred on several proposals. This report tracks such action and will be updated as it occurs.
Date: August 22, 2000
Creator: Stedman, James B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Busing for School Desegregation

Description: The mandatory transportation of school children to desegregate public elementary and secondary schools is an issue of deep contention throughout our society. The House of Representatives has approved language for the Department of Justice FY82 authorization bill (H.R. 3462) restricting the Department's involvement in actions requiring school busing. On Mar. 2, 1962, t h e Senate approved the version of the Department of Justice F Y 8 2 authorization Bill (S. 951) with language restricting the Justice Department's involvement in busing actions as well as imposing limits on the busing plans Federal courts can impose. S. 551 was then sent to the House for consideration. Hearings on S. 951 before a house Judiciary subcommittee began on June 1'7, 1982.
Date: July 8, 1982
Creator: Stedman, James B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Busing for School Desegregation: The Debate on Selected Issues

Description: This paper explores selected questions involving the busing of elementary and secondary school students for desegregation. On each of the selected questions a general analysis of the issue involved is presented, followed by two subsections entitled A Critic's Position and An Advocate's Position. In these subsections, an attempt is made to show how a critic of busing for desegregation and an advocate of such busing might fashion arguments on this issue in opposition to, or in support of, busing.
Date: April 30, 1981
Creator: Stedman, James B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Education of the Handicapped

Description: Federal involvement in the education of the handicapped increased significantly with the enactment of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 (P.L. 94-142) in the 94th Congress. This legislation amended the provisions for State assistance under Part B of the Education of the Handicapped Act (EHA, P.L. 91-230, title VI, as amended) to require that a "free appropriate public education" be available for all handicapped children age 3 through 21 by September 1980. P.L. 94-142 authorized increased Federal financial assistance along with new requirements for participating State agencies and local school districts. Current issues relating to Federal policy for the education of the handicapped include concerns about costs and responsibilities in educating the handicapped, about the level of Federal financial support, about the characteristics of handicapped children actually identified and served, about the implementation of P.L. 94-142 requirements by State and local school districts, and about Administration proposals to revise Part B regulations.
Date: November 14, 1983
Creator: Fraas, Charlotte Jones
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Head Start Issues in the 108th Congress

Description: This report examines various legislative issues regarding Head Start, which is a federal program that has provided comprehensive early childhood development services to low income children since 1965. The program is administered by the Administration for Children and Families of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).
Date: June 25, 2003
Creator: Gish, Melinda & Butler, Alice
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Head Start Issues in the 108th Congress

Description: This report examines various legislative issues regarding Head Start, which is a federal program that has provided comprehensive early childhood development services to low income children since 1965. The program is administered by the Administration for Children and Families of the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS).
Date: August 14, 2003
Creator: Gish, Melinda & Butler, Alice
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department