Congressional Research Service Reports - 286 Matching Results

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Early Childhood Education: Federal Policy Issues

Description: This report examines what we currently know about preprimary programs including numbers of children served and their family characteristics; as well as data on the efficacy of preprimary programs in enhancing later learning and other life skills. Current federal programs that serve preschool age children are described, and policy issues which may arise as the federal role in early childhood education is debated, are discussed.
Date: February 20, 2004
Creator: McCallion, Gail
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Distance Education and Title IV of the Higher Education Act: Policy, Practice, and Reauthorization

Description: This report explores the growth of DE into a significant component of the modern post secondary education landscape and then examines a number of issues involved in the debate surrounding HEA reauthorization.
Date: January 21, 2005
Creator: Kuenzi, Jeffrey J.; Skinner, Rebecca R. & Smole, David P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Telecommunications Discounts for Schools and Libraries: The "E-Rate" Program and Controversies

Description: This report addresses the controversial issues surrounding the E-rate program's implementation and subsequent legislative measures introduced to address these issues. An additional issue, concern that minors may gain access to "inappropriate" material through the Internet has also had an impact on the E-rate program.
Date: November 10, 2004
Creator: Gilroy, Angele A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Teacher Recruitment and Retention: Federal, State, and Local Programs

Description: The recruitment and retention of a high-quality teaching force is critical to the future success of our nation's school system. To address this issue, a wide range of programs have been put into place at the federal, state, and local levels in recent years. This report is to review the range of these efforts nationwide and provide a context for the issues that may yet arise during HEA reauthorization.
Date: January 7, 2005
Creator: Kuenzi, Jeffrey J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

21st Century Community Learning Centers: Background and Funding

Description: This report summarizes the reauthorized Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) which contains the 21st Century Community Learning Centers (21st CCLC) program. The report covers the history of the ESEA as well as what is new in the reauthorization. Moreover, the report includes how grants are selected now, and the new focus of the program which is now exclusively for after-school-hours activities for children.
Date: February 5, 2008
Creator: McCallion, Gail
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

21st Century Community Learning Centers: A History of the Program

Description: This report describes what Twenty-first Century Community Learning Centers (21st CCLC) are. The report also covers the reauthorization of funding for the program in 2002, how grants were awarded, and the essential questions Congress considered when reauthorizing the program. Moreover, the report includes the requirements 21st CCLC projects had to meet to receive the funds.
Date: January 22, 2002
Creator: McCallion, Gail
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Distance Education and Title IV of the Higher Education Act: Policy, Practice, and Reauthorization

Description: This report explores the growth of DE into a significant component of the modern post secondary education landscape and then examines a number of issues involved in the debate surrounding HEA reauthorization.
Date: July 26, 2004
Creator: Kuenzi, Jeffrey J.; Skinner, Rebecca R. & Smole, David P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Merit Pay for Elementary and Secondary School Teachers: Background Discussion and Analysis of Issues

Description: Considerable national interest has centered on merit pay for elementary and secondary school teachers since the recent release of the educational reform reports. This merit pay paper contains a background discussion, description of alternatives, summary of current and proposed programs, and analysis of evaluation and implementation implications.
Date: September 14, 1983
Creator: Jordan, K. Forbis & Borkow, Nancy B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Assessment in Elementary and Secondary Education: A Primer

Description: This report provides a framework for understanding various types of assessments that are administered in elementary and secondary schools. It broadly discusses various purposes of educational assessment and describe comprehensive assessment systems. The report also provides a description and analysis of technical considerations in assessments, including validity, reliability, and fairness, and provide a discussion of how to use these technical considerations to draw appropriate conclusions based on assessment results.
Date: April 9, 2009
Creator: Caffrey, Erin D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-Determination Act of 2000: Forest Service Payments to Counties

Description: This report describes the issues that Congress has debated relating to The Secure Rural Schools and Community Self-Determination Act of 2000 (P.L. 106-393), which may again arise when the program expires in 2011, and explains the changes enacted for the program.
Date: October 8, 2008
Creator: Gorte, Ross W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Education of the Handicapped

Description: Federal involvement in the education of the handicapped increased significantly with the enactment of the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 (P.L. 94-142) in the 94th Congress. This legislation amended the provisions for State assistance under Part B of the Education of the Handicapped Act (EHA, P.L. 91-230, title VI, as amended) to require that a "free appropriate public education" be available for all handicapped children age 3 through 21 by September 1980. P.L. 94-142 authorized increased Federal financial assistance along with new requirements for participating State agencies and local school districts. Current issues relating to Federal policy for the education of the handicapped include concerns about costs and responsibilities in educating the handicapped, about the level of Federal financial support, about the characteristics of handicapped children actually identified and served, about the implementation of P.L. 94-142 requirements by State and local school districts, and about Administration proposals to revise Part B regulations.
Date: November 14, 1983
Creator: Fraas, Charlotte Jones
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Education Issues in the 105th Congress, 2nd Session

Description: Several education issues are being considered by the 105th Congress. Some of the congressional action results from expiring legislation, such as the Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA). Other action may occur because of debate over the appropriate federal role in education, including federal support for school reform or national testing. This report provides a brief summary of education issues anticipated for the 2nd Session, as well as a synopsis of education activity during the 1st Session.
Date: January 26, 1998
Creator: Irwin, Paul M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Busing for School Desegregation: The Debate on Selected Issues

Description: This paper explores selected questions involving the busing of elementary and secondary school students for desegregation. On each of the selected questions a general analysis of the issue involved is presented, followed by two subsections entitled A Critic's Position and An Advocate's Position. In these subsections, an attempt is made to show how a critic of busing for desegregation and an advocate of such busing might fashion arguments on this issue in opposition to, or in support of, busing.
Date: April 30, 1981
Creator: Stedman, James B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department