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Business Investment and Employment Tax Incentives to Stimulate the Economy

Description: This report discusses the merit of various business tax incentives and their effectiveness in providing fiscal stimulus during the recession. The two most common measures to provide business tax incentives for new investment are investment tax credits and accelerated deductions for depreciation.
Date: January 22, 2010
Creator: Hungerford, Thomas L. & Gravelle, Jane G.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Economic Downturns and Crime

Description: This report examines the relationships between selected variables of economic strength and crime. It begins with an overview of crime rates during times of economic recession in the United States. It then reviews the existing literature in the field analyzing various data sets that examine whether the unemployment rate and foreclosures can be related to increases in the national crime rate.
Date: January 27, 2010
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Long-Term Unemployment and Recessions

Description: This report analyzes the trend in long-term unemployment over the postwar period and offers explanations for its unusually high incidence during the most recent recession. It compares the individual, job, and household characteristics of the long-term unemployed during the latest recession (2007-2009) with the long-term unemployed at the end of the two previous recessions (1990-1991 and 2001).
Date: April 14, 2010
Creator: Mayer, Gerald & Levine, Linda
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Inflation: Causes, Costs, and Current Status

Description: This report discusses inflation including its causes and effect on the economy. In particular, it brings together broad knowledge from economists to discuss the real costs of inflation on the economy.
Date: March 29, 2010
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Millennium Challenge Corporation

Description: This report discusses the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC) which provides economic assistance through a competitive selection process to developing nations that demonstrate positive performance in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom.
Date: March 11, 2015
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Transatlantic Regulatory Cooperation: A Possible Role for Congress

Description: This report focuses on the creation of the Transatlantic Economic Council; the role of legislatures in the regulatory process; and the Transatlantic Legislators' Dialogue and its new role as an advisor to transatlantic regulatory efforts.
Date: January 4, 2010
Creator: Ahearn, Raymond J. & Morelli, Vincent
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Global Economic Crisis: Impact on Sub-Saharan Africa and Global Policy Responses

Description: This report analyzes Africa's vulnerability to the global crisis and potential implications for economic growth, poverty alleviation, fiscal balances, and political stability. The report describes channels through which the crisis is affecting Africa, and provides information on international efforts to address the impact, including U.S. policies and those of multilateral institutions in which the United States plays a major role.
Date: April 6, 2010
Creator: Arieff, Alexis; Weiss, Martin A. & Jones, Vivian C.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Authoritative Resources on the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA)

Description: List containing authoritative resources to assist in responding to a broad range of questions and concerns about the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), P.L. 111-5. It includes links to the full text of the act, Congressional Budget Office (CBO) estimates, White House fact sheets, and federal, state, and municipal government websites are included, along with other useful information.
Date: April 5, 2010
Creator: Klarman, Kim W. & Jennings, Julie
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Job Creation Programs of the Great Depression: the WPA and the CCC

Description: This report first describes the social policy environment in which the 1930s job creation programs were developed and examines the reasons for their shortcomings then and as models for current-day countercyclical employment measures. It then provides a brief overview of the two job creation programs of the Depression-era that Members of Congress have asked about most frequently: the Works Progress or Projects Administration (WPA) and the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC).
Date: January 14, 2010
Creator: Levine, Linda
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Changing the Federal Reserve's Mandate: An Economic Analysis

Description: This report discusses a number of implementation issues surrounding an inflation target. These include what rate of inflation to target, what inflation measure to use, whether to set a point target or range, and what penalties to impose if a target is missed.
Date: March 13, 2012
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Changing the Federal Reserve's Mandate: An Economic Analysis

Description: This report discusses a number of implementation issues surrounding an economic inflation target. These include what rate of inflation to target, what inflation measure to use, whether to set a point target or range, and what penalties to impose if a target is missed.
Date: February 25, 2011
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Extending Unemployment Compensation Benefits During Recessions

Description: This report describes the history of temporary federal extensions to unemployment benefits from 1980 to the present. It has five sections which discuss: [1] background information on unemployment compensation (UC) benefits, [2] a definition of a recession and the process of declaring a recession, [3] a summary of the legislative history of federal extensions of unemployment benefits, [4] figures examining the statistics of recessions, and [5] previous methods for financing temporary recession programs.
Date: September 13, 2012
Creator: Whittaker, Julie M. & Isaacs, Katelin P.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Research and Development Funding: FY2012

Description: President Obama has requested $147.911 billion for research and development (R&D) in FY2012, a $772 million (0.5%) increase from the FY2010 actual R&D funding level of $147.139 billion. Congress will play a central role in defining the nation's R&D priorities, especially with respect to two overarching issues: the extent to which the federal R&D investment can grow in the context of increased pressure on discretionary spending and how available funding will be prioritized and allocated. Low or negative growth in the overall R&D investment may require movement of resources across disciplines, programs, or agencies to address priorities.
Date: January 26, 2012
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Evaluating the Current Stance of Monetary Policy Using a Taylor Rule

Description: Oversight of the Federal Reserve's (Fed's) monetary policy decisions rests with Congress. But oversight is encumbered by the absence of a straightforward relationship between interest rates and economic performance. Further, the Fed's policy decisions are discretionary, meaning there is no objective, transparent “yardstick” for evaluating their decisions. A simple rule of thumb guide to monetary policy decisions called a “Taylor rule” is an intuitive way to judge actual policy against some objective, albeit simplistic, ideal. Taylor rules prescribe a federal funds target based on inflation and the output gap (i.e., the difference between actual gross domestic product [GDP] and potential GDP) and can be adjusted to reflect a variety of policy goals.
Date: January 30, 2012
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Millennium Challenge Corporation

Description: This report discusses the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), which provides economic assistance through a competitive selection process to developing nations that are pursuing political and economic reforms in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom. This report also discusses several concerns related to MCC implementation, including the level of funding to support MCC programs.
Date: November 16, 2010
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Millennium Challenge Corporation

Description: This report discusses the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), which provides economic assistance through a competitive selection process to developing nations that are pursuing political and economic reforms in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom. This report also discusses several concerns related to MCC implementation, including the level of funding to support MCC programs.
Date: May 3, 2011
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Millennium Challenge Corporation

Description: This report discusses the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), which provides economic assistance through a competitive selection process to developing nations that are pursuing political and economic reforms in three areas: ruling justly, investing in people, and fostering economic freedom. This report also discusses several concerns related to MCC implementation, including the level of funding to support MCC programs.
Date: May 3, 2011
Creator: Tarnoff, Curt
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Long-Term Unemployment and Recessions

Description: This report discusses the recession that began in the United States in December 2007 and officially ended in June 2009 and how this recession affected employment rates. This report analyzes the trend in long-term unemployment over the postwar period and offers explanations for its unusually high incidence during the most recent postwar recession. It compares the individual, job, and household characteristics of the long-term unemployed during the latest recession (2007-2009) with the long-term unemployed at the end of the two previous recessions (1990-1991 and 2001).
Date: November 22, 2010
Creator: Mayer, Gerald & Levine, Linda
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Monetary Policy and the Federal Reserve: Current Policy and Conditions

Description: This report discusses economic effects of the Federal Reserve's monetary policy, monetary policy vs. fiscal policy, the current stance of monetary policy given the financial crisis, and Congressional oversight and disclosure on the issue.
Date: July 6, 2012
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Economic Recovery: Sustaining U.S. Economic Growth in a Post-Crisis Economy

Description: A look at how Congress' has been proactive in helping the economy recover after the 2008-2009 recession, as well as how it can help to keep recessions at bay in the future. Issues regards to this are typical post-war recessions, insufficient pace of private spending, and long-term debt problem.
Date: May 17, 2012
Creator: Elwell, Craig K.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Economic Recovery: Sustaining U.S. Economic Growth in a Post-Crisis Economy

Description: This report looks at how Congress has been proactive in helping the economy recover after the 2008-2009 recession, as well as how it can help to keep recessions at bay in the future. Issues include typical post-war recessions, insufficient pace of private spending, and the long-term debt problem.
Date: December 2, 2010
Creator: Elwell, Craig K.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department