Congressional Research Service Reports - 179 Matching Results

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Constitutional Analysis of Suspicionless Drug Testing Requirements for the Receipt of Governmental Benefits

Description: This report provides an overview of the Fourth Amendment in order to effectively evaluate the constitutionality of laws requiring suspicionless drug tests to receive governmental benefits. It then reviews five Supreme Court decisions that have evaluated these programs. The report concludes with a synthesis of the various factors that likely will be important to a future court's assessment of the constitutionality of these laws.
Date: March 6, 2015
Creator: Carpenter, David H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Constitutional Analysis of Suspicionless Drug Testing Requirements for the Receipt of Governmental Benefits

Description: This report gives an overview of the issues related to federal or state laws that condition the initial or ongoing receipt of governmental benefits on passing drug tests. These regulations are vulnerable to constitutional challenge, most often due to issues of personal privacy and Fourth Amendment protections against "unreasonable searches."
Date: January 29, 2014
Creator: Carpenter, David H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Constitutional Analysis of Suspicionless Drug Testing Requirements for the Receipt of Governmental Benefits

Description: This report gives an overview of the issues related to federal or state laws that condition the initial or ongoing receipt of governmental benefits on passing drug tests. These regulations are vulnerable to constitutional challenge, most often due to issues of personal privacy and Fourth Amendment protections against "unreasonable searches."
Date: January 19, 2012
Creator: Carpenter, David H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

War on Drugs: The National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign

Description: This report discusses the authorization of the National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign, a multi-media federal program to persuade America's youth not to use drugs, which expired at the end of FY2002. H.R. 2829 (passed by the House on March 13, 2006) and S. 2560 (reported by the Senate Judiciary Committee on May 25, 2006) would reauthorize the media campaign, along with the other programs run by the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) during FY2007.
Date: July 3, 2006
Creator: Eddy, Mark
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

War on Drugs: Reauthorization of the Office of National Drug Control Policy

Description: This report discusses the Office of National Drug Control Policy Reauthorization Act of 2005 , which would reauthorize ONDCP for five years, through FY2010, and authorize funding in specific annual amounts for the High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (HIDTA) Program, the media campaign, a Southwest Border violence study, and several anti-methamphetamine initiatives.
Date: April 6, 2006
Creator: Eddy, Mark
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Drug Testing and Crime-Related Restrictions in TANF, SNAP, and Housing Assistance

Description: Report that describes and compares the drug- and crime-related policy restrictions contained in selected federal programs that provide assistance to low-income individuals and families: the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant, the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP, formerly Food Stamps), and the three primary federal housing assistance programs (the public housing program, the Section 8 Housing Choice Voucher program, and the project-based Section 8 rental assistance program).
Date: September 6, 2012
Creator: McCarty, Maggie; Falk, Gene; Aussenberg, Randy Alison & Carpenter, David H.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Reauthorizing the Office of National Drug Control Policy: Issues for Consideration

Description: Report discussing the National Drug Control Strategy, the National Drug Control Budget, and the Office of National Drug Control Policy's (ONDCP) evaluation of the National Drug Control Strategy implementation. It also provides an analysis of selected legislative and oversight issues that Congress may consider when debating the reauthorization of ONDCP.
Date: August 21, 2012
Creator: Sacco, Lisa N. & Finklea, Kristin M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Laws Relating to the Control of Narcotics and Other Dangerous Drugs, Enacted 1961-1985: Brief Summaries

Description: This report contains summaries of enactments, treaties, and reorganization plans, passed from 1961 through 1985, that have some clearly indicated relationship-- either by specific reference or by virtue of legislative history--to the Federal effort to prevent drug misuse through control of the supply of narcotics and other dangerous drugs.
Date: January 15, 1986
Creator: Hogan, Harry L
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Heroin: Legalization for Medical Use

Description: This report discusses the limited legalization of diacetylmorphine (heroin) for use in the medical treatment of intractable pain. The report attempts to present pros and cons on the issue as well as information on pending legislation. The report also provides a comparison of heroin's analgesic qualities to those of currently available and equivalent pharmaceutical alternatives.
Date: March 14, 1984
Creator: Blanchard, Randall, IV
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Legal Issues Relating to the Disposal of Dispensed Controlled Substances

Description: This report describes an issue that is the fastest-growing drug problem in the country -- the intentional use of prescription drugs for non-medical purposes. It is the second-most common form of illicit drug abuse among teenagers in the United States behind marijuana use. Several bills have been introduced in the 111th Congress that would create a legal framework governing disposal of controlled substances that have been dispensed to patients.
Date: September 24, 2010
Creator: Yeh, Brian T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs

Description: This report looks at ways that prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs), which maintain statewide electronic databases of prescriptions dispensed for controlled substances, can help to deter prescription drug misuse.
Date: March 24, 2014
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M.; Bagalman, Erin & Sacco, Lisa N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Legal Issues Relating to the Disposal of Dispensed Controlled Substances

Description: Prescription drug abuse is the second-most common form of illicit drug abuse among teenagers in the United States, trailing only marijuana use. Prescription drug abuse has become a particular concern amongst federal policymakers. This report discusses this issue, including related pieces of legislation such as the Controlled Substances Act, the Secure and Responsible Drug Disposal Act of 2010, and the proper way to dispose of controlled substances.
Date: October 19, 2010
Creator: Yeh, Brian T.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Prescription Drug Monitoring Programs

Description: This report looks at ways that prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs), which maintain statewide electronic databases of prescriptions dispensed for controlled substances, can help to deter prescription drug misuse.
Date: July 10, 2012
Creator: Finklea, Kristin M.; Bagalman, Erin & Sacco, Lisa N.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Drug Control: President's Budget Request for Fiscal Year 1988

Description: This report discusses the President's FY1988 budget, focusing on the $3 billion set aside for Federal programs to control or prevent the use of narcotics and other dangerous drugs. The report includes various key documents illustrating the positions taken by Congressional critics of the request as well as the Administration's defenses. Finally, for a longer term perspective, there are graphs and a table showing drug budget trends since FY 1981.
Date: June 1, 1987
Creator: Hogan, Harry L & Walke, Roger
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Drug Control: President's Budget Request for Fiscal Year 1988

Description: This report discusses the President's FY1988 budget, focusing on the $3 billion set aside for Federal programs to control or prevent the use of narcotics and other dangerous drugs. The report includes various key documents illustrating the positions taken by Congressional critics of the request as well as the Administration's defenses. Finally, for a longer term perspective, there are graphs and a table showing drug budget trends since FY 1981.
Date: June 1, 1987
Creator: Hogan, Harry L & Walke, Roger
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

War On Drugs: Legislation in the 108th Congress and Related Developments

Description: This report covers significant legislative and oversight activities of the 108th Congress that concern domestic law enforcement aspects of federal anti-drug policy. It also includes an overview of significant executive branch actions and other current developments of likely interest to the congressional audience that follows this issue.
Date: January 10, 2005
Creator: Eddy, Mark
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department