Congressional Research Service Reports - 1,431 Matching Results

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Military Technicians: The Issue of Mandatory Retirement for Non-Dual-Status Technicians

Description: This report describes the mandatory retirement provisions for certain “non-dual-status” military technicians contained in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2000 (P.L. 106-65), discusses the stated rationale behind the policy, and quantifies the impact it will likely have on individual technicians.
Date: March 28, 2000
Creator: Kapp, Lawrence
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Homosexuals and U.S. Military Policy: Current Issues

Description: This report discusses policy towards homosexuals in the U.S. military service. In 1993, new laws and regulations pertaining to homosexuals and U.S. military service came into effect reflecting a compromise in policy. This compromise, colloquially referred to as “don’t ask, don’t tell,” holds that the presence in the armed forces of persons who demonstrate a propensity or intent to engage in homosexual acts would create an unacceptable risk to the high standards of morale, good order and discipline, and unit cohesion which are the essence of military capability. Service members are not to be asked about nor allowed to discuss their homosexuality. This compromise notwithstanding, the issue has remained politically contentious.
Date: February 10, 2005
Creator: Burrelli, David F & Dale, Charles V
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996: A Summary

Description: The Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996 is the product of legislative efforts stretching back well over a decade and stimulated to passage in part by the tragedies in Oklahoma City and the World Trade Center. This report summarizes the six titles of the Act, its sources, and related legislation.
Date: June 3, 1996
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Intelligence Issues for Congress

Description: To address the challenges facing the U.S. Intelligence Community in the 21st Century, congressional and executive branch initiatives have sought to improve coordination among the different agencies and to encourage better analysis. This report examines various issues faced by the Intelligence Community and relevant policy in the 109th Congress.
Date: April 22, 2005
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ballistic Missile Defense: Historical Overview

Description: In recent years there has been a growing sense of urgency to develop and deploy effective missile defenses against a range of long and short range ballistic missile threats. Although many might believe this to be relative new to U.S. national security objectives, such interest been ongoing since the 1960s, and current technologies being investigated date to the early 1980s. This effort has been challenging technically and politically controversial. Some $100 billion has been spent since the mid-1980s. This report provides a brief overview of U.S. efforts to date.
Date: April 22, 2005
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Homeland Security: Navy Operations - Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses potential Navy homeland security roles include defending the United States against ballistic or cruise missile attack, defending U.S. naval bases and naval computer networks against attack, searching for terrorists at sea, and assisting civil authorities in responding to terrorist attacks. The Navy’s role in homeland security raises several potential issues for Congress.
Date: June 2, 2005
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Selected Procedural Safeguards in Federal, Military, and International Courts

Description: This report compares selected procedural safeguards employed in criminal trials in federal criminal court with parallel protective measures in military general courts-martial, military commissions as authorized under the Military Order of November 13, and, as a possible benchmark of international standards, the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.
Date: January 30, 2002
Creator: Elsea, Jennifer K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Potential Humanitarian Issues in Post-War Iraq: An Overview for Congress

Description: This report discusses the Oil For Food Program (OFFP) has alleviated some of the worst effects of the 1991 Gulf-War international sanctions regime. While some improvements have been seen in nutrition, health services, water supply and sanitation, there is greater dependence on government services, and observers of the Iraq situation have identified disturbing health and nutrition problems affecting the civilian population.
Date: March 18, 2003
Creator: Margesson, Rhoda & Bockman, Johanna
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Navy Force Architecture and Ship Acquisition: Selected FY2006 Issues for Congress

Description: This report is based on CRS testimony at a March 10, 2005, hearing on Navy force structure and ship acquisition before the Projection Forces Subcommittee of the House Armed Services Committee. Since February 2003, if not earlier, there has been no current, officially approved, unambiguous plan for the future size and structure of the Navy.
Date: March 15, 2005
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iraq: Summary of U.S. Casualties

Description: This report provides statistics on fatalities during Operation Iraqi Freedom, which began on March 19, 2003, as well as on the number of fatalities since May 1, 2003, plus statistics on those wounded, but not killed, since March 19, 2003.
Date: December 23, 2004
Creator: Fischer, Hannah
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Missile Defense: The Current Debate

Description: This report discusses the missile defense programs, elimination of the distinction between national and theater missile defense and the deployment options for a “layered” capability to intercept missiles aimed at U.S. territory across the whole spectrum of their flight path.
Date: December 21, 2005
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iraq: Turkey, the Deployment of U.S. Forces, and Related Issues

Description: On March 1, 2003, the Turkish parliament, in a close vote, failed to pass a resolution authorizing the United States to deploy troops to Turkish territory to open a northern front in a war against Iraq. The vote surprised the U.S. government and its Turkish counterpart. Both governments may have greatly overestimated their understanding of the Turkish political situation that contributed to the defeat of the resolution. This report focuses on that political scene, Turkish concerns about an Iraq conflict, the tentative, but unfulfilled, bargain struck between the U.S. and Turkish governments to authorize the U.S. deployment - to the extent that it is known, the final arrangements for U.S. access to Turkish airspace, and attendant issues. This report also reviews the implications of parliament’s actions for the bilateral U.S.- Turkish relationship, regional relations, Turkey’s domestic politics, its economy, and broader issues.
Date: May 2, 2003
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Middle East Peace Talks

Description: This report discusses the Middle East peace talks, including the new peace process with the most recent developments,and the war against terrorism.
Date: January 13, 2006
Creator: Migdalovitz, Carol
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Military Aviation: Issues and Options for Combating Terrorism and Counterinsurgency

Description: This report provides background on terrorism and non-state actor challenges, and how military aviation may contribute to operations against these actors. The report discusses issues associated with the use of military aviation against non-state actors, and potential options for consideration.
Date: January 27, 2006
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher & Katzman, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department