Congressional Research Service Reports - Browse

ABOUT BROWSE FEED

Security Assistance Reform: "Section 1206" Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background on the pre-Section 1206 status of security assistance authorities and the factors contributing to the enactment of Section 1206, which provides the Secretary of Defense with authority to train and equip foreign military forces and foreign maritime security forces. It then sets out the purposes of the legislation and scope of its activities, restrictions on its use, the DOD-State Department planning process, and funding. It concludes with a discussion of issues for Congress.
Date: April 19, 2013
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Army Drawdown and Restructuring: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses the new defense strategy, which was unveiled by senior Department of Defense (DOD) leadership based on a review of potential future security challenges, current defense strategy, and budgetary constraints. This strategy will rebalance the Army's global posture and presence, emphasizing where potential problems are likely to arise, such as the Asia-Pacific region and the Middle East.
Date: January 3, 2013
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Military Stop Loss Program: Key Questions and Answers

Description: Stop Loss is a frequently misunderstood DOD force management program that retains servicemembers beyond their contractually agreed-to separation date. Because of the involuntary nature of this extension, some critics have referred to the program as a "backdoor draft" or "involuntary servitude". This report outlines the history of Stop Loss, current issues relating to Stop Loss, and the possible future directions of the program.
Date: April 28, 2009
Creator: Henning, Charles A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Africa Command: U.S. Strategic Interests and the Role of the U.S. Military in Africa

Description: This report provides a broad overview of U.S. strategic interests in Africa and the role of U.S. military efforts on the continent as they pertain to the creation of U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM). A discussion of AFRICOM's mission, its coordination with other government agencies, and its basing and manpower requirements is included.
Date: August 22, 2008
Creator: Ploch, Lauren
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Coast Guard's programs for procuring 8 National Security Cutters (NSCs), 25 Offshore Patrol Cutters (OPCs), and 58 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs).
Date: December 20, 2012
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Coast Guard's programs for procuring 8 National Security Cutters (NSCs), 25 Offshore Patrol Cutters (OPCs), and 58 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs).
Date: June 7, 2013
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Coast Guard's programs for procuring 8 National Security Cutters (NSCs), 25 Offshore Patrol Cutters (OPCs), and 58 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs).
Date: March 15, 2013
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Coast Guard's programs for procuring 8 National Security Cutters (NSCs), 25 Offshore Patrol Cutters (OPCs), and 58 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs).
Date: June 10, 2013
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Department of Defense's Use of Contractors to Support Military Operations: Background, Analysis, and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and identifies issues for Congress on the use of contractors to support military operations. DOD's extensive use of contractors poses several potential policy and oversight issues for Congress and has been the focus of numerous hearings. Congress' decisions on these issues could substantially affect the extent to which DOD relies on contractors in and is capable of planning for and overseeing contractors in future operations
Date: May 17, 2013
Creator: Schwartz, Moshe & Church, Jennifer
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Russian Deployments in Syria Complicate U.S. Policy

Description: This report briefly discusses Russia's military presence in Syria. In recent weeks, Russia has moved military equipment and personnel to Syria, which could potentially be used to resupply the Asad regime or lead to a direct Russian intervention in the Syrian civil war.
Date: September 18, 2015
Creator: Humud, Carla E.; Woehrel, Steven; Mix, Derek E. & Blanchard, Christopher M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The 2015 National Security Strategy: Authorities, Changes, Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses the National Security Strategy (NSS), a document released by the Obama Administration which states that its purpose is to "set out the principles and priorities to guide the use of American power and influence in the world."
Date: October 1, 2015
Creator: Lucas, Nathan J. & McInnis, Kathleen J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV): Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV) that is currently being developed by the Army and the Marine Corps as a successor to the 11 different versions of the High Mobility, Multi-Wheeled Vehicle (HMMWV) that have been in service since 1985. A potential issue for Congress is the impact of a year-long continuing resolution on Army and Marine Corps JLTV procurement.
Date: October 28, 2015
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coalition Contributions to Countering the Islamic State

Description: This report discusses the formation of the Islamic State. Some 60 nations and partner organizations agreed to participate, contributing either military forces or resources (or both) to the campaign. In Brussels in December 2014, these 60 partners agreed to organize themselves along five "lines of effort," with at least two countries in the lead for each.
Date: November 18, 2015
Creator: McInnis, Kathleen J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FY2009 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Policy Issues

Description: This report focuses exclusively on the annual defense authorization process. Military personnel issues typically generate significant interest from many Members of Congress and their staffs.
Date: September 30, 2008
Creator: Kapp, Lawrence; Burrelli, David F.; Henning, Charles A. & Best, Richard A., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Navy TAO(X) Oiler Shipbuilding Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and issues for Congress on the TAO(X) oiler shipbuilding program, a program to build a new class of 17 fleet oilers for the Navy. The Navy wants to procure the first TAO(X) in FY2016. Decisions that Congress makes regarding the program could affect Navy capabilities and funding requirements and the U.S. shipbuilding industrial base.
Date: November 6, 2015
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Organizing the U.S. Government for National Security: Overview of the Interagency Reform Debates

Description: This report aims to help frame the emerging debates for the 111th Congress by taking note of the leading advocates for change, highlighting identified shortcomings in key elements of the current system, and describing categories of emerging proposals for change.
Date: December 16, 2008
Creator: Dale, Catherine; Serafino, Nina M. & Towell, Pat
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The November 2015 Terrorist Siege in Mali

Description: On November 20, 2015, gunmen laid siege to the Radisson Blu, a hotel popular with foreigners in Mali's capital, Bamako. This report discusses issues for Congress in the wake of the attack.
Date: November 23, 2015
Creator: Blanchard, Lauren P.; Renard, Emily & Arieff, Alexis
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Boumediene v. Bush: Guantanamo Detainees' Right to Habeas Corpus

Description: This report summarizes the Boumediene decision and analyzes several of its major implications for the U.S. detention of alien enemy combatants and legislation that limits detainees' access to judicial review.
Date: September 8, 2008
Creator: Garcia, Michael John
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Purple Heart: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report explores the history of the Purple Heart and changes in eligibility over time as well as several current issues facing Congress.
Date: December 31, 2015
Creator: Burrelli, David F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Director of National Intelligence Statutory Authorities: Status and Proposals

Description: This report discusses the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) position created by the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (P.L. 108-458). It includes an overview of the authorities granted to the DNI by legislation in 2004 and later as well as the varying opinions of Congress regarding new DNI authorities, as well as related legislation.
Date: January 15, 2009
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr. & Cumming, Alfred
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Military Aviation: Issues and Options for Combating Terrorism and Counterinsurgency

Description: This report provides background on terrorism and non-state actor challenges, and how military aviation may contribute to operations against these actors. The report discusses issues associated with the use of military aviation against non-state actors, and potential options for consideration.
Date: January 27, 2006
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher & Katzman, Kenneth
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Globalizing Cooperative Threat Reduction: A Survey of Options

Description: This report analyzes the range of possible applications of Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) funds, the kinds of assistance that might be supplied, and describes legal, financial, technical, and political constraints on possible assistance.
Date: October 5, 2006
Creator: Squassoni, Sharon
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department