Congressional Research Service Reports - 3,027 Matching Results

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Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV): Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV), which is an Army-led, multi-service initiative to develop a family of light tactical vehicles as a successor to the High Mobility, Multi-Wheeled Vehicles (HMMWVs). It includes background information; a description of the JLTV program, program history, and program activities; information about the JLTV contract, Lockheed Martin's protest to the program, budgetary issues, and potential issues for Congress.
Date: January 10, 2017
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Military Draft and a Possible War with Iraq

Description: This report analyzes the possible scenarios under which the resumption of a draft might be militarily necessary, describes some of the social rationales for and against resuming the draft that have been cited (independent of military requirements), and itemizes the current status of the draft and action required for its reinstatement.
Date: December 31, 2002
Creator: Goldich, Robert L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ballistic Missile Defense: Historical Overview

Description: For some time there has been a growing sense of urgency to develop and deploy effective missile defenses against a range of long and short range ballistic missile threats. Although many might believe this to be relative new to U.S. national security objectives, such interest has been ongoing since the 1960s, and many current technologies being investigated date their start to the early 1980s. This effort has been challenging technically and politically controversial. Some $110 billion has been spent since the mid-1980s; Congress appropriated $9.3 billion in FY2006. Many observers expect that the 110th Congress will review the current technology and BMD test program in 2007. This report provides a brief overview of U.S. efforts to date.
Date: January 5, 2007
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Ballistic Missile Defense: Historical Overview

Description: For some time there has been a growing sense of urgency to develop and deploy effective missile defenses against a range of long and short range ballistic missile threats. Although many might believe this to be relative new to U.S. national security objectives, such interest has been ongoing since the end of World War II. Many current technologies being investigated date their start to the 1980s, and earlier. This effort has been challenging technically and politically controversial. Some $110 billion has been spent since the mid-1980s; Congress appropriated $9.3 billion in FY2006. For FY2008 the Administration requested $8.9 billion for the Missile Defense Agency. This report provides a brief overview of U.S. efforts to date.
Date: July 9, 2007
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Economic Effects of Spending on Homeland Security

Description: One direct result of the terrorist attacks of September 11 is that the cost of domestic security has risen. That increased cost is likely to be in the form of increased outlays on the military, as well as increases in spending for domestic law enforcement, public safety, and private security services. This report briefly discusses the economic effects of this increased cost looks into how security affects GDP.
Date: November 27, 2001
Creator: Cashell, Brian W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air Force B-21 Long Range Strike Bomber

Description: This report discusses the development of the new long-range bomber aircraft, the B-21 (previously known as LRS-B), and proposes to acquire 100 of them.
Date: April 14, 2016
Creator: Gertler, Jeremiah
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Defense: FY2017 Budget Request, Authorization, and Appropriations

Description: This report discusses the current administration's request of $523.9 billion to cover the fiscal year 2017 discretionary "base budget" of the Department of Defense (DOD).
Date: April 12, 2016
Creator: Towell, Pat & Williams, Lynn M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Overseas Contingency Operations Funding: Background and Status

Description: This report discusses funding for war-related activities, which has been largely provided through supplemental appropriation acts and/or designated as an "emergency" or "overseas contingency operation/global war on terror" (OCO/GWOT) requirement.
Date: unknown
Creator: Williams, Lynn M. & Epstein, Susan B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Periods of War and Dates of Recent Conflicts

Description: This report lists the beginning and ending dates for "periods of war" found in Title 38 of the Code of Federal Regulations, dealing with the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). It also lists and differentiates other beginning dates given in declarations of war, as well as termination of hostilities dates and armistice and ending dates given in proclamations, laws, or treaties.
Date: September 29, 2016
Creator: Salazar Torreon, Barbara
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty: Background and Current Developments

Description: This report discusses the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT), as well as the Obama Administration's stated goal of pursuing U.S. ratification of the CTBT, although the Administration has mainly focused on securing Senate consent to ratification of the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START).
Date: September 1, 2016
Creator: Nikitin, Mary Beth D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FY2017 Defense Spending Under an Interim Continuing Resolution (CR): In Brief

Description: This report provides a basic discussion of interim "continuing resolutions" (CRs) and highlights some specific issues for the Department of Defense (DOD) under a CR. It also provides a brief look at selected FY2017 defense programs that could be affected by a CR.
Date: November 7, 2016
Creator: Williams, Lynn M. & Wees, Darren P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Acquisition Reform in the House and Senate Versions of the FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act

Description: This report focuses on the sections of the House and Senate versions of the Fiscal Year 2017 National Defense Authorization Act (H.R. 4909 and S. 2943, respectively) that appear closely linked to the respective armed services committees' stated efforts to reform the acquisition system. For purposes of this analysis, CRS selected 31 sections of the House bill and 67 sections of the Senate bill.
Date: July 13, 2016
Creator: Schwartz, Moshe
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV): Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses the Joint Light Tactical Vehicle (JLTV), which is an Army-led, multi-service initiative to develop a family of light tactical vehicles as a successor to the High Mobility, Multi-Wheeled Vehicles (HMMWVs). It includes background information; a description of the JLTV program, program history, and program activities; information about the JLTV contract, Lockheed Martin's protest to the program, budgetary issues, and potential issues for Congress.
Date: September 9, 2016
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Issues

Description: This report provides a brief synopsis of sections in each bill (H.R. 4909 as passed by the House on May 26, 2016, and S. 2943 as passed by the Senate on July 21, 2016) that pertain to selected personnel policies. These include issues such as military end-strengths, pay and benefits, military healthcare (TRICARE), military retirement, and other major policy issues.
Date: July 29, 2016
Creator: Kamarck, Kristy N.; Jansen, Don J.; Kapp, Lawrence; Mason, R. C. & Salazar Torreon, Barbara
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Department of Defense Acquisition Workforce: Background, Analysis, and Questions for Congress

Description: This report provides background on the Department of Defense (DOD) acquisition workforce. Specifically, the report addresses the following questions: 1. What is the acquisition workforce? 2. What is the current size of the acquisition workforce? 3. How has Congress sought to improve the acquisition workforce in the past? 4. What are some potential questions for Congress to explore in the area of acquisition workforce management to improve acquisitions?
Date: July 29, 2016
Creator: Schwartz, Moshe; Francis, Kathryn A. & O'Connor, Charles V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FY2018 Defense Budget Request: The Basics

Description: This report discusses the federal budget request for fiscal year (FY) 2018 released by the Trump Administration on May 23, 2017.
Date: June 9, 2017
Creator: Williams, Lynn M. & Towell, Pat
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Advanced Pilot Training (T-X) Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses the Advanced Pilot Training (T-X) aircraft, which may shift training from Field Training Units, where expensive fifth-generation aircraft are used, to less expensive trainer aircraft.
Date: March 31, 2017
Creator: Coral, Ceir
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Issues

Description: This report focuses exclusively on the annual national defense authorization act (NDAA) legislative process. It provides a brief synopsis of sections in each bill (H.R. 4909 as passed by the House on May 26, 2016, and S. 2943 as passed by the Senate on July 21, 2016) that pertain to selected personnel policies. These include issues such as military end-strengths, pay and benefits, military healthcare (TRICARE), military retirement, and other major policy issues.
Date: January 23, 2017
Creator: Kamarck, Kristy N.; Jansen, Don J.; Kapp, Lawrence; Mason, R. C. & Salazar Torreon, Barbara
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NATO Funding and Burdensharing

Description: This report discusses the the relative imbalance in defense spending and military capabilities within the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), which has long fueled concerns about burdensharing and European allies' reliance on U.S. defense guarantees.
Date: May 19, 2017
Creator: Belkin, Paul
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Additional Troops for Afghanistan? Considerations for Congress

Description: This report discusses the possibility of a proposal by the Trump Administration to deploy additional ground forces to Afghanistan and somewhat broaden their mission.
Date: May 19, 2017
Creator: McInnis, Kathleen J. & Feickert, Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fact Sheet: FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) DOD Reform Proposals

Description: This report discusses information on extant Department of Defense (DOD) reform proposals being considered during the FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act debates. It includes key provisions incorporated in H.R. 4909, the FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) reported by the House Armed Services Committee on May 4, 2016 (H.Rept. 114-537), and S. 2943, the FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act reported by the Senate Armed Services Committee on May 18, 2016 (S.Rept. 114-255).
Date: May 18, 2017
Creator: McInnis, Kathleen J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Army Drawdown and Restructuring: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses the new defense strategy, which was unveiled by senior DOD leadership based on a review of potential future security challenges, current defense strategy, and budgetary constraints. This strategy will rebalance the Army's global posture and presence, emphasizing where potential problems are likely to arise, such as the Asia-Pacific region and the Middle East
Date: October 25, 2013
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Government Shutdown: Operations of the Department of Defense During a Lapse in Appropriations

Description: This report provides an overview of guidelines that have governed planning for Department of Defense (DOD) operations over the last 30 years in the event of a funding lapse. It also discusses the implications of the guidelines for a possible impending shutdown and briefly reviews what is known about current DOD planning for a shutdown.
Date: October 15, 2013
Creator: Belasco, Amy & Towell, Pat
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department