Congressional Research Service Reports - 1,411 Matching Results

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Countering Violent Extremism in the United States

Description: This report provides examples of recent Administration "combating violent extremism" (CVE) activity and examines some of the risks and challenges evident in the Strategic Implementation Plan for Empowering Local Partners to Prevent Violent Extremism in the United States' (SIP's) three objectives. The report also diagrams and briefly discusses the "future activities and efforts" outlined in the SIP for each of these three objectives.
Date: May 31, 2012
Creator: Bjelopera, Jerome P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Presidential Vetoes of Annual Defense Authorization Bills

Description: This report briefly discusses the historical precedent of Defense Secretary Ashton B. Carter's recommendation that President Obama veto the conference report on H.R. 1735, the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for FY2016. If Obama were to veto the measure, it would mark the fifth time since 1961 that a president has vetoed that measure.
Date: October 1, 2015
Creator: Towell, Pat
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Less-than-Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement Signed in Burma

Description: Eight ethnic groups and representatives of Burma's government signed a ceasefire agreement on October 15, possibly moving the country one step closer to ending its six decade long civil war. This report briefly discusses the process that lead to the agreement and its implications.
Date: October 15, 2015
Creator: Martin, Michael F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Fight Against Al Shabaab in Somalia in 2016

Description: This report discusses current efforts to counter Al Shabaab, a Somalia-based Al Qaeda affiliate.
Date: January 19, 2016
Creator: Blanchard, Lauren P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Countering Violent Extremism in the United States

Description: This report provides examples of Administration "combating violent extremism" (CVE) activity and examines some of the risks and challenges evident in the "Strategic Implementation Plan for Empowering Local Partners to Prevent Violent Extremism in the United States" (SIP's) three objectives. The report also diagrams and briefly discusses the "future activities and efforts" outlined in the SIP for each of these three objectives.
Date: February 19, 2014
Creator: Bjelopera, Jerome P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Countering Violent Extremism in the United States

Description: In August 2011, the Obama Administration announced its counter-radicalization strategy. It is devised to address the forces that influence some people living in the United States to acquire and hold radical or extremist beliefs that may eventually compel them to commit terrorism. This is the first such strategy for the federal government, which calls this effort “combating violent extremism” (CVE). This report provides examples of recent Administration CVE activity and examines some of the risks and challenges evident in the SIP's three objectives. The report also diagrams and briefly discusses the “future activities and efforts” outlined in the SIP for each of these three objectives. A number of areas may call for oversight from Congress. These include the following: picking partners and establishing "rules of the road," intervention with at-risk individuals, identifying programs to assist grassroots CVE efforts, countering extremist ideas, the lack of a lead agency, and transparency.
Date: May 31, 2012
Creator: Bjelopera, Jerome P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Critical Infrastructure Resilience: The Evolution of Policy and Programs and Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses the concept of resilience in the context of critical infrastructure and homeland security. It also identifies and discusses issues related to the evolution of policy and programs at the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) that are meant to, or could, promote the resiliency of the nation's critical infrastructure. The purpose of the report is to aid Congress in its oversight of critical infrastructure programs and activities at DHS.
Date: August 23, 2012
Creator: Moteff, John D.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Director of National Intelligence Statutory Authorities: Status and Proposals

Description: This report discusses the Director of National Intelligence (DNI) position created by the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (P.L. 108-458). It includes an overview of the authorities granted to the DNI by legislation in 2004 and later as well as the varying opinions of Congress regarding new DNI authorities, as well as related legislation from FY2010 through FY2012.
Date: December 16, 2011
Creator: Best, Richard A., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Afghanistan Casualties: Military Forces and Civilians

Description: This report collects statistics from a variety of sources on casualties sustained during Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), which began on October 7, 2001, and is ongoing. OEF actions take place primarily in Afghanistan; however, OEF casualties also include American casualties in Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Guantanamo Bay (Cuba), Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Jordan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, the Philippines, Seychelles, Sudan, Tajikistan, Turkey, and Yemen.
Date: March 21, 2012
Creator: Chesser, Susan G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Military Pay and Benefits: Key Questions and Answers

Description: This report addresses the role of military pay in manning the Armed Forces, the types of pay increases used in the past, recent reforms in managing pay, and the role of the Employment Cost Index in determining basic pay increases. The report also reviews the compensation benefits specifically available to military personnel participating in Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF)/Operation New Dawn (OND) and Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF).
Date: May 13, 2011
Creator: Henning, Charles A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Coast Guard's programs for procuring 8 National Security Cutters (NSCs), 25 Offshore Patrol Cutters (OPCs), and 58 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs).
Date: August 5, 2014
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

American Jihadist Terrorism: Combating a Complex Threat

Description: This report describes homegrown violent jihadists and the plots and attacks that have occurred since 9/11. For this report, "homegrown" describes terrorist activity or plots perpetrated within the United States or abroad by American citizens, legal permanent residents, or visitors radicalized largely within the United States. The term "jihadist" describes radicalized individuals using Islam as an ideological and/or religious justification for their belief in the establishment of a global caliphate, or jurisdiction governed by a Muslim civil and religious leader known as a caliph. The term "violent jihadist" characterizes jihadists who have made the jump to illegally supporting, plotting, or directly engaging in violent terrorist activity.
Date: January 23, 2013
Creator: Bjelopera, Jerome P.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congressional Nominations to U.S. Service Academies: An Overview and Resources for Outreach and Management

Description: This report describes statutory requirements for allocating congressional nominations to service academies and identifies the qualifications that must be met by potential nominees, as established by statute and each academy. Sample documents that could be used by congressional offices at various stages of the nomination selection process are included.
Date: January 27, 2009
Creator: Petersen, R. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congressional Nominations to U.S. Service Academies: An Overview and Resources for Outreach and Management

Description: This report describes statutory requirements for allocating congressional nominations to service academies. It also identifies the qualifications that must be met by potential nominees, as established by statute and each academy. Finally, sample documents that could be used by congressional offices at various stages of the nomination selection process are included.
Date: November 10, 2015
Creator: Petersen, R. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Missile Defense: The Current Debate

Description: This report discusses the missile defense programs, elimination of the distinction between national and theater missile defense and the deployment options for a “layered” capability to intercept missiles aimed at U.S. territory across the whole spectrum of their flight path.
Date: December 21, 2005
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

National Commission on the Future of the Army (NCFA): Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses the the National Commission on the Future of the Army (NCFA), which was established to conduct a comprehensive study of the structure of the Army. The NCFA reported its findings to Congress and the Administration on January 28, 2016, and made a number of recommendations that may or may not be acted upon.
Date: February 5, 2016
Creator: Feickert, Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Using Data to Improve Defense Acquisitions: Background, Analysis, and Questions for Congress

Description: This report examines (1) the extent to which the Department of Defense (DOD) effectively uses data to inform decisionmaking, (2) some of the critical elements needed for DOD to use data more effectively, (3) recent efforts to improve DOD's use of data, and (4) potential questions for Congress. This report focuses primarily (but not exclusively) on defense acquisitions as a case study.
Date: January 5, 2016
Creator: Schwartz, Moshe
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Air Force KC-X Tanker Aircraft Program: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses the issues for Congress in FY2011, which are whether to approve, reject, or modify DOD's new KC-X competition strategy, and whether to approve, reject, or modify the Air Force's request for FY2011 research and development funding for the new KC-X program. Congress' decision on these issues could affect DOD capabilities and funding requirements, and the aircraft manufacturing industrial base.
Date: May 14, 2010
Creator: Gertler, Jeremiah
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Military Pay and Benefits: Key Questions and Answers

Description: The military compensation system is complex and includes an array of cash compensation elements, non-cash compensation (benefits), deferred compensation (retirement pay and benefits), and tax advantages. This report focuses primarily on the cash compensation provided to members of the active component armed forces.
Date: January 20, 2015
Creator: Kapp, Lawrence & Salazar Torreon, Barbara
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Coast Guard's programs for procuring 8 National Security Cutters (NSCs), 25 Offshore Patrol Cutters (OPCs), and 58 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs). These 91 planned cutters are intended as replacements for 90 aging Coast Guard cutters and patrol craft. The Coast Guard began procuring NSCs and FRCs a few years ago, and the first few NSCs and FRCs are now in service.
Date: January 9, 2015
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Coast Guard's programs for procuring 8 National Security Cutters (NSCs), 25 Offshore Patrol Cutters (OPCs), and 58 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs).
Date: March 9, 2015
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Iraq: U.S. Casualties

Description: This report presents casualty data compiled by the Department of Defense (DOD) as tallied from the agency's press releases.
Date: November 30, 2009
Creator: Chesser, Susan G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Coast Guard's programs for procuring 8 National Security Cutters (NSCs), 25 Offshore Patrol Cutters (OPCs), and 58 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs). These 91 planned cutters are intended as replacements for 90 aging Coast Guard cutters and patrol craft. The Coast Guard's proposed FY2017 budget requests a total of $467 million in acquisition funding for the three programs.
Date: May 27, 2016
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Coast Guard Cutter Procurement: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides background information and potential oversight issues for Congress on the Coast Guard's programs for procuring 8 National Security Cutters (NSCs), 25 Offshore Patrol Cutters (OPCs), and 58 Fast Response Cutters (FRCs).
Date: September 14, 2015
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department