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Congressional Investigations: Subpoenas and Contempt Power

Description: When conducting investigations of the executive branch, congressional committees and Members of Congress generally receive the information required for legislative needs. If agencies fail to cooperate or the President invokes executive privilege, Congress can turn to a number of legislative powers that are likely to compel compliance. The two techniques described in this report are the issuance of subpoenas and the holding of executive officials in contempt. These techniques usually lead to an accommodation that meets the needs of both branches. Litigation is used at times, but federal judges generally encourage congressional and executive parties to settle their differences out of court. The specific examples in this report explain how information disputes arise and how they are resolved.
Date: April 2, 2003
Creator: Fisher, Louis
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2001

Description: This report identifies the committee assignments, dates of service, and (for Representatives) districts of the 209 women Members of Congress.
Date: August 20, 2001
Creator: Amer, Mildred L.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Membership of the 113th Congress: A Profile

Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 113th Congress (2013-2014). Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age, occupation, education, length of congressional service, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Date: August 26, 2014
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

International Travel by Congress: Legislation in the 111th Congress, Background, and Potential Policy Options

Description: International travel by Members of Congress and their staff is an issue of longstanding interest among some members of the public, media outlets, and Members. Questions regarding the purposes and destinations of international travel by Congress frequently arise, as do questions about the ability to track the costs and benefits of such travel. This report provides information and analysis on the use of foreign currency expended in support of congressional travel to international destinations that is paid for with appropriated funds and authorized by the House or Senate; on measures related to international travel by Congress introduced in the 111th Congress, and administrative actions related to international travel taken by the House; and on potential options for Congress related to international travel by Members and staff. This report does not provide data on travel costs borne by executive agencies that support congressional travel, as those data are not publicly available.
Date: August 31, 2010
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric; Lisbeth, Terrence L.; Gracias, Mabel & Reynolds, Parker H.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Membership of the 111th Congress: A Profile

Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 111th Congress. Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age and length of service, occupation, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Date: December 27, 2010
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Women in the United States Congress

Description: This report identifies women who have served as Senators or as Members of the House of Representatives. It notes their party affiliation, the States they have represented, the dates of their appointment or election, the length of their service, their committee assignments, and their service in committee chairmanships.
Date: July 13, 1983
Creator: Schwemle, Barbara L
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Women in the United States Congress

Description: This report identifies women who have served as U.S. Senators or Representatives. It notes their party affiliation, the States they have represented, the dates of their appointment or election, the length of their service, their committee assignments, and their service in committee chairmanships.
Date: April 24, 1985
Creator: Amer, Mildred L.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2003

Description: This report identifies the names, committee assignments, dates of service, and (for Representatives) districts of the 219 women Members of Congress.
Date: September 10, 2003
Creator: Amer, Mildred L.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2005

Description: This report identifies the names, committee assignments, dates of service, and (for Representatives) districts of the 228 women Members of Congress.
Date: June 21, 2005
Creator: Amer, Mildred L.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Women in the United States Congress, 1917-2013: Biographical and Committee Assignment Information, and Listings by State and Congress

Description: This report includes biographical information, including the names, committee assignments, dates of service, listings by Congress and state, and (for Representatives) congressional districts of the 297 women who have served in Congress.
Date: December 16, 2013
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Women in the United States Congress: Historical Overview, Tables, and Discussion

Description: This report includes a discussion of the impact of women in Congress as well as historical information, including the number and percentage of women in Congress over time, means of entry to Congress, comparisons to international and state legislatures, records for tenure, firsts for women in Congress, women in leadership, and African American and Asian Pacific American women in Congress.
Date: December 16, 2013
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.; Shogan, Colleen J. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Representatives and Senators: Trends in Member Characteristics Since 1945

Description: This report provides profiles of Senators and Representatives in selected Congresses since 1945. It includes data based on Representatives and Senators serving on the first day of the 79th-113th Congresses for several demographic characteristics such as age (including the oldest and youngest Members of the House and Senate), sex, previous occupation, race and ethnicity, education, religion, and military service.
Date: January 27, 2014
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric; Brudnick, Ida A.; Garrett, R. Sam; Manning, Jennifer E.; Straus, Jacob R. & Wilhelm, Amber Hope
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Women in the United States Congress: Historical Overview, Tables, and Discussion

Description: This report discusses the impact of women in Congress and historical information, such as the number and percentage of women in Congress over time, means of entry to Congress, comparisons to international and state legislatures, records for tenure, firsts for women in Congress, women in leadership, and African-American and Asian-Pacific American women in Congress.
Date: February 18, 2014
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.; Shogan, Colleen J. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Women in Congress: Historical Overview, Tables, and Discussion

Description: This report discusses the impact of women in Congress and historical information, such as the number and percentage of women in Congress over time, means of entry to Congress, comparisons to international and state legislatures, records for tenure, firsts for women in Congress, women in leadership, and African-American and Asian-Pacific American women in Congress.
Date: April 29, 2015
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.; Brudnick, Ida A. & Shogan, Colleen J.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Leaving Congress: House of Representatives and Senate Departures Data Since 198

Description: Members of Congress leave the House or Senate for a variety of reasons; these may include resignation, death, or chamber action during a Congress, and retirement, electoral defeat, or pursuit of another office at the end of a Congress. This report discusses the number of Senators and Members of the House of Representatives who have left before the conclusion of a Congress since 1989.
Date: September 24, 2010
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.; Reynolds, Parker H. & Petersen, R. Eric
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Women in the United States Congress: Historical Overview, Tables, and Discussion

Description: This report includes a discussion of the impact of women in Congress as well as historical information, including the number and percentage of women in Congress over time, means of entry to Congress, comparisons to international and state legislatures, records for tenure, firsts for women in Congress, women in leadership, and African American and Asian Pacific American women in Congress.
Date: September 26, 2013
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.; Shogan, Colleen J. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Women in the United States Congress, 1917-2013: Biographical and Committee Assignment Information, and Listings by State and Congress

Description: This report includes biographical information, including the names, committee assignments, dates of service, listings by Congress and state, and (for Representatives) congressional districts of the 297 women who have served in Congress.
Date: September 26, 2013
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Brief Facts About Congressional Pensions

Description: This report contains a table that lists the number of retired Members of Congress and the average amount of congressional pension they receive in retirement.
Date: January 13, 2004
Creator: Purcell, Patrick J.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Representatives and Senators: Trends in Member Characteristics Since 1945

Description: Questions about the characteristics of Members of Congress, including their age, education, previous occupations, and other descriptors, are of ongoing interest to Members, congressional staff, and constituents. Some of these questions may be asked in the context of representation, in efforts to evaluate the extent to which Members of Congress reflect their constituencies and the nation at large. In other instances, questions arise about how the characteristics of Members have changed over time, which may speak in part to the history of Congress. This report provides profiles of Senators and Representatives in selected Congresses since 1945. It includes data based on Representatives and Senators serving on the first day of the 79th, 82nd, 87th, 92nd, 97th, 102nd, and 107th–112th Congresses for several demographic characteristics, as well as the tenure of Member service in Congress. The characteristics discussed include age, including the oldest and youngest Members of the House and Senate; congressional service tenure; sex; previous occupation; race and ethnicity; education; religion; and military service.
Date: February 17, 2012
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department