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Women in Congress: Historical Overview, Tables, and Discussion

Description: This report discusses the impact of women in Congress and historical information, such as the number and percentage of women in Congress over time, means of entry to Congress, comparisons to international and state legislatures, records for tenure, firsts for women in Congress, women in leadership, and African-American and Asian-Pacific American women in Congress.
Date: April 29, 2015
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.; Brudnick, Ida A. & Shogan, Colleen J.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Leaving Congress: House of Representatives and Senate Departures Data Since 198

Description: Members of Congress leave the House or Senate for a variety of reasons; these may include resignation, death, or chamber action during a Congress, and retirement, electoral defeat, or pursuit of another office at the end of a Congress. This report discusses the number of Senators and Members of the House of Representatives who have left before the conclusion of a Congress since 1989.
Date: September 24, 2010
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.; Reynolds, Parker H. & Petersen, R. Eric
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Women in the United States Congress: Historical Overview, Tables, and Discussion

Description: This report includes a discussion of the impact of women in Congress as well as historical information, including the number and percentage of women in Congress over time, means of entry to Congress, comparisons to international and state legislatures, records for tenure, firsts for women in Congress, women in leadership, and African American and Asian Pacific American women in Congress.
Date: September 26, 2013
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E.; Shogan, Colleen J. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Women in the United States Congress, 1917-2013: Biographical and Committee Assignment Information, and Listings by State and Congress

Description: This report includes biographical information, including the names, committee assignments, dates of service, listings by Congress and state, and (for Representatives) congressional districts of the 297 women who have served in Congress.
Date: September 26, 2013
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E. & Brudnick, Ida A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Representatives and Senators: Trends in Member Characteristics Since 1945

Description: Questions about the characteristics of Members of Congress, including their age, education, previous occupations, and other descriptors, are of ongoing interest to Members, congressional staff, and constituents. Some of these questions may be asked in the context of representation, in efforts to evaluate the extent to which Members of Congress reflect their constituencies and the nation at large. In other instances, questions arise about how the characteristics of Members have changed over time, which may speak in part to the history of Congress. This report provides profiles of Senators and Representatives in selected Congresses since 1945. It includes data based on Representatives and Senators serving on the first day of the 79th, 82nd, 87th, 92nd, 97th, 102nd, and 107th–112th Congresses for several demographic characteristics, as well as the tenure of Member service in Congress. The characteristics discussed include age, including the oldest and youngest Members of the House and Senate; congressional service tenure; sex; previous occupation; race and ethnicity; education; religion; and military service.
Date: February 17, 2012
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congressional Member Organizations: Their Purpose and Activities, History, and Formation

Description: This report examines the purpose and activities of Committee on House Administration as congressional Member organizations (CMO) and the reasons Members form them. It also identifies and describes seven CMO types, and it provides an overview of the historical development of informal Member organizations since the first Congress, focusing on their regulation in the House by the Committee on House Oversight/Committee on House Administration, the rise and fall of legislative service organizations (LSOs), and the House's decision in 1995 to issue regulations for establishing CMOs and governing their behavior. It concludes with a step-by-step guide for House Members and staff who might be interested in forming a CMO.
Date: August 28, 2013
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Gerrity, Jessica C.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Members' Representational Allowance: History and Usage

Description: This report provides a history and overview of the Members' Representational Allowance (MRA) and examines spending patterns over three years--2005, 2006, and 2007. The data exclude non-voting Members, including Delegates and the Resident Commissioner. Members who were not in Congress for all of the first session of a Congress, whether the Member left Congress prior to the end of the year or entered any time after the beginning of the session, were also excluded.
Date: November 25, 2013
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Legislative Research for Congressional Staff: How to Find Documents and Other Resources

Description: This report is one of a series of reports on legislative process and research; it is intended to serve as a finding aid to sources of information, such as documents, news articles, analysis, contacts and services, used in legislative research.
Date: March 25, 2014
Creator: Cornell, Ada S.; Hanson, Laura A. & Greene, Michael
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Filling U.S. Senate Vacancies: Perspectives and Contemporary Developments

Description: This report provides information on current vacancies in the Senate, the constitutional origins of the Senate vacancy clause, the appointment process by which most vacancies are filled, and related contemporary issues.
Date: February 13, 2013
Creator: Neale, Thomas H.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Filling U.S. Senate Vacancies: Perspectives and Contemporary Developments

Description: This report provides information on current vacancies in the Senate, the constitutional origins of the Senate vacancy clause, the appointment process by which most vacancies are filled, and related contemporary issues.
Date: June 7, 2013
Creator: Neale, Thomas H.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Legislative Planning: Considerations for Congressional Staff

Description: The Congressional Research Service frequently receives inquiries about legislative planning. Legislative and office action plans are often used by congressional offices for almost every significant project, from organizing an extensive conference in the district or state to introducing and guiding legislation. A major action plan requires a firm understanding of the project's goal, a research strategy, and a time line for completing the project. This report presents some of the factors usually considered in preparing an action plan. The information is provided in three sections. The first provides an overview which lays out summary considerations. The second raises questions to consider in preparing an outline for a project. The third details a sample action plan.
Date: August 17, 2010
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congressional Careers: Service Tenure and Patterns of Member Service, 1789-2011

Description: The average service tenure of members of the Senate and House of Representatives has varied substantially since 1789. This report presents data on member tenure and a historical analysis of tenure trends.
Date: January 7, 2011
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E.; Hemlin, Erin & Wilhelm, Amber H.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congressional Careers: Service Tenure and Patterns of Member Service, 1789-2011

Description: The average service tenure of members of the Senate and House of Representatives has varied substantially since 1789. This report presents data on member tenure and a historical analysis of tenure trends.
Date: January 7, 2011
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E.; Hemlin, Erin & Wilhelm, Amber H.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

House of Representatives and Senate Staff Levels in Member, Committee, Leadership, and Other Offices, 1977-2010

Description: This report provides staffing levels in House and Senate Member, committee, leadership, and other offices since 1977. Data presented here are based on staff listed by chamber entity (offices of Members, committees, leaders, officers, officials, and other entities) in telephone directories published by the House and Senate.
Date: August 10, 2010
Creator: Petersen, R. Eric; Reynolds, Parker H. & Wilhelm, Amber H.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Members' Representational Allowance: History and Usage

Description: This report provides a history and overview of the MRA and examines spending patterns in the 109th Congress (2005 and 2006). The data exclude non-voting Members, including Delegates and the Resident Commissioner. Members who were not in Congress for all of 2005, whether the Member left Congress prior to the end of the year or entered any time after the beginning of the session, were also excluded.
Date: January 5, 2011
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congressional Member Organizations: Their Purpose and Activities, History, and Formation

Description: This report examines the purpose and activities of Committee on House Administration as congressional Member organizations (CMO) and the reasons Members form them. It also identifies and describes seven CMO types, and it provides an overview of the historical development of informal Member organizations since the first Congress, focusing on their regulation in the House by the Committee on House Oversight/Committee on House Administration, the rise and fall of legislative service organizations (LSOs), and the House's decision in 1995 to issue regulations for establishing CMOs and governing their behavior. It concludes with a step-by-step guide for House Members and staff who might be interested in forming a CMO.
Date: August 14, 2014
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Glassman, Matthew Eric
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Legislative Research for Congressional Staff: How to Find Documents and Other Resources

Description: This report is one of a series of reports on legislative process and research; it is intended to serve as a finding aid to sources of information, such as documents, news articles, analysis, contacts and services, used in legislative research.
Date: September 25, 2014
Creator: Cornell, Ada S.; Greene, Michael & Hanson, Laura A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congressional Careers: Service Tenure and Patterns of Member Service, 1789-2015

Description: This report presents data on Member tenure and a historical analysis of tenure trends. During the 19th century, the average service of Representatives and Senators remained roughly constant, with little or no change over time; the average years of service was slightly higher for the first half of the century than during the second. During the late 19th and through the 20th century, the average years of service for Senators and Representatives steadily increased.
Date: January 3, 2015
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E. & Wilhelm, Amber H.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Legislative Planning: Considerations for Congressional Staff

Description: This report presents some of the factors usually considered in preparing a legislative or office action plan. The information is provided in three sections: (1) an overview which lays out summary consideration, (2) questions to consider in preparing an outline for a project, and (3) a sample action plan.
Date: February 4, 2015
Creator: Schneider, Judy
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congressional Member Organizations: Their Purpose and Activities, History, and Formation

Description: This report examines the historical development and contemporary role of congressional Member organizations (CMOs) in the House and informal Member groups in both the House and the Senate. It discusses the differences between CMOs and informal Member groups, and the reasons Members form these groups with a step-by-step guide for House Members and staff who might be interested in forming a CMO. The report also presents the rise and fall of legislative service organizations (LSOs), the House's decision in 1995 to issue regulations for establishing CMOs and governing their behavior, and the subsequent regulation of CMOs in the House by the Committee on House Oversight/Committee on House Administration.
Date: February 10, 2015
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E. & Dilger, Robert Jay
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Murder or Attempted Murder of a Member of Congress and Other Federal Officials and Employees: Implications in Federal Criminal Law and Procedure of Events in Tucson

Description: Report describing the federal procedures and attendant legal provisions generally associated with the prosecution of cases regarding the killing and attempted killing of federal officers and employees in the performance of their official duties.
Date: January 25, 2011
Creator: Doyle, Charles
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congressional Member Organizations: Their Purpose and Activities, History, and Formation

Description: This report examines the purpose and activities of Committee on House Administration as congressional Member organizations (CMO) and the reasons Members form them. It also identifies and describes seven CMO types, and it provides an overview of the historical development of informal Member organizations since the first Congress, focusing on their regulation in the House by the Committee on House Oversight/Committee on House Administration, the rise and fall of legislative service organizations (LSOs), and the House's decision in 1995 to issue regulations for establishing CMOs and governing their behavior. It concludes with a step-by-step guide for House Members and staff who might be interested in forming a CMO.
Date: September 24, 2013
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Gerrity, Jessica C.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Members' Representational Allowance: History and Usage

Description: This report provides a history and overview of the Members' Representational Allowance (MRA) and examines spending patterns over selected years--2005, 2006, 2007, 2011, and 2012. The data exclude non-voting Members, including Delegates and the Resident Commissioner, as well as Members who were not in Congress for the entirety of the session. Information is provided on total spending and spending for various categories. The data collected demonstrate that, despite variations when considering all Members, many Members allocate their spending in a similar manner.
Date: June 22, 2015
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department