Congressional Research Service Reports - Browse

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House and Senate Vacancies: How Are They Filled?

Description: Vacancies in Congress occur due to the death, resignation, or declination (refusal to serve) of a Senator or Representative, or as the result of expulsion or exclusion by either house. The Constitution requires that vacancies in both houses be filled by special election, but in the case of the Senate, it empowers state legislatures to provide for temporary appointments by the state governor until special elections can be scheduled. This report describes this process.
Date: January 22, 2003
Creator: Richardson, Sula P. & Neale, Thomas H.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Membership of the 111th Congress: A Profile

Description: This report presents a profile of the membership of the 111th Congress. Statistical information is included on selected characteristics of Members, including data on party affiliation, average age and length of service, occupation, religious affiliation, gender, ethnicity, foreign births, and military service.
Date: December 31, 2008
Creator: Amer, Mildred
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Members Who Have Served in the U.S. Congress 30 Years or More

Description: This report identifies those 224 Members of Congress whose service in the House or Senate, or both, has been 30 years or more. The information provided is current through January 3, 2006.
Date: January 20, 2006
Creator: Amer, Mildred
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2009

Description: This report identifies the names, committee assignments, dates of service, and (for Representatives) districts of the 260 women who have served in Congress.
Date: December 23, 2009
Creator: Manning, Jennifer E. & Shogan, Colleen J.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Legislative Branch Staffing, 1954-2007

Description: This report provides data and analysis concerning legislative branch staffing levels since 1954. Legislative branch staff include congressional staff, who work in the House or Senate, and legislative agency staff, who work in a legislative branch agency. At present, there is no legislation pending before Congress to change existing staff arrangements in Congress or legislative branch agencies. As policies and issues before Congress continue to proliferate in volume and complexity, new proposals for change in staffing levels or changes in the balance between congressional staff and legislative agency staff may emerge. This report, which will be updated annually, is one of several CRS products focusing on various aspects of congressional operations and administration.
Date: October 15, 2008
Creator: Petersen, Eric R.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congressional Membership and Appointment Authority to Advisory Commissions, Boards, and Groups

Description: This report contains a compilation of commissions and boards that demonstrates the range of alternative membership-appointment structures. It includes any statutorily created advisory entity (boards, advisory panels, etc.) whose membership scheme mandates the participation of Members of Congress either as potential members or as participants in the process of appointing the membership.
Date: May 11, 2009
Creator: Glassman, Matthew E.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federally Supported Water Supply and Wastewater Treatment Programs

Description: This report provides background information on the types of water supply and wastewater treatment projects traditionally funded by the federal government and the several existing programs to assist communities with water supply and wastewater recycling and treatment.
Date: March 25, 2003
Creator: Cody, Betsy A.; Copeland, Claudia; Tiemann, Mary & Zinn, Jeffrey
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2004

Description: This report identifies the names, committee assignments, dates of service, and (for Representatives) districts of the 220 women Members of Congress.
Date: July 1, 2004
Creator: Amer, Mildred L.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2005

Description: This report identifies the names, committee assignments, dates of service, and (for Representatives) districts of the 229 women Members of Congress.
Date: September 22, 2005
Creator: Amer, Mildred L.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Filling U.S. Senate Vacancies: Perspectives and Contemporary Developments

Description: This report provides information on current vacancies in the Senate, the constitutional origins of the Senate vacancy clause, the appointment process by which most vacancies are filled, and related contemporary issues.
Date: August 21, 2009
Creator: Neale, Thomas H.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Filling U.S. Senate Vacancies: Perspectives and Contemporary Developments

Description: This report provides information on current vacancies in the Senate, the constitutional origins of the Senate vacancy clause, the appointment process by which most vacancies are filled, and related contemporary issues.
Date: March 10, 2009
Creator: Neale, Thomas H.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Selected Privileges and Courtesies Extended to Departing and Former Senators

Description: This report provides information on selected privileges and courtesies (with the exception of federal health insurance, life insurance, and retirement benefits) extended to departing and former Senators. Some are derived from law and Senate Rules, but most are courtesies that have been extended as a matter of custom.
Date: September 14, 2004
Creator: Amer, Mildred
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Federal Minimum Wage and American Samoa

Description: This report discusses the federal minimum wage in American Samoa. Under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), the minimum wage for the islands is fixed by a commission established by the Secretary of Labor. The minimum wage for fish processing is currently $3.26 an hour. Were Congress to extend the general (federal) minimum wage to American Samoa (and raise it to $7.25 an hour, as is currently proposed), the fish processing industry might absorb the increase, change the way it processes tuna, or migrate to other low-wage countries.
Date: May 22, 2007
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Members’ Representational Allowance: History and Usage

Description: This report provides a history and overview of the the Members’ Representational Allowance (MRA) and examines spending patterns in the 109th Congress (2005 and 2006), the two most recent years for which all billing is complete and spending amounts have been finalized, since late-arriving bills may be paid for up to two years following the end of the MRA year.
Date: December 1, 2009
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Federal Minimum Wage and American Samoa

Description: This report discusses the federal minimum wage in American Samoa. Under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), the minimum wage for the islands is fixed by a commission established by the Secretary of Labor. The minimum wage for fish processing is currently $3.26 an hour. Were Congress to extend the general (federal) minimum wage to American Samoa (and raise it to $7.25 an hour, as is currently proposed), the fish processing industry might absorb the increase, change the way it processes tuna, or migrate to other low-wage countries.
Date: April 8, 2008
Creator: Whittaker, William G.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Duration of Continuing Resolutions in Recent Years

Description: This report provides information on congressional practices with respect to the duration of continuing resolutions, including the use of full-year measures, and focuses particularly on the period covering FY1998-FY2008.
Date: May 28, 2008
Creator: Keith, Robert
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Appropriations for FY2003: Legislative Branch

Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It summarizes the current legislative status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related legislative activity.
Date: January 27, 2003
Creator: Dwyer, Paul E
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The House Apportionment Formula in Theory and Practice

Description: This report has four major purposes: to summarize the constitutional and statutory requirements governing apportionment; to explain how the current apportionment formula works in theory and in practice; to summarize recent challenges to it on grounds of unfairness; and to explain the reasoning underlying the choice of the equal proportions method over its chief alternative, major fractions.
Date: October 10, 2000
Creator: Huckabee, David C.
Item Type: Report
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department