Congressional Research Service Reports - 813 Matching Results

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SBA Veterans Assistance Programs: An Analysis of Contemporary Issues

Description: This report provides an overview of U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) programs to provide training and other assistants to veterans seeking civilian employment. It includes sections discussing SBA programs, an economic profile of veteran-owned businesses, veterans' employment and business development programs, veterans' access to capital, federal contracting goals for service-disabled veteran-owned small businesses, and the military reservist economic injury disaster loan program.
Date: October 10, 2018
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay & Lowry, Sean
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Selected Legal Tools for Maintaining Government Contractor Accountability

Description: This report analyzes a selection of the legal tools a procuring agency may use to hold contractors accountable. It assesses contractual remedies that procuring agencies could utilize, discusses performance-related contract source selection criteria, and describes other legal tools--outside of contract law and the contract selection processes--that the government may employ to hold a contractor accountable.
Date: September 26, 2018
Creator: Carpenter, David H. & Ruane, Kathleen Ann
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NAFTA Renegotiation and Modernization

Description: This report provides a brief overview of NAFTA and the role of Congress in the renegotiation process; it discusses key issues related to the negotiations. It also provides a discussion of policy implications for Congress going forward.
Date: July 26, 2018
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles & Fergusson, Ian F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Multilateral Development Banks: Overview and Issues for Congress

Description: This report provides an overview of Multilateral Development Banks (MDBs) and highlights major issues for Congress. The first section discusses how the MDBs operate, and the second section discusses the role of Congress in the MDBs.
Date: July 6, 2018
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Cyber Supply Chain Risk Management: An Introduction

Description: This report reviews cyber supply chain risks, discusses ways in which they are currently managed, and provides issues that Congress may consider.
Date: June 29, 2018
Creator: Jaikaran, Chris
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

Description: This report discusses the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) which is a presidential advisory body consisting of nine cabinet members, two ex officio members, and other members appointed by the President to oversee direct investments by foreign countries in the United States. It discusses the basics of the committee's operations and laws governing their conduct and power, presidential blocks of investment, previous reforms to the original law governing the committee and its actions and current propositions in Congress to further amend the laws regarding the committe.
Date: June 27, 2018
Creator: Jackson, James K.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

SBA Veterans Assistance Programs :An Analysis of Contemporary Issues

Description: This report opens with an examination of the economic circumstances of veteran-owned businesses drawn from the Bureau of the Census's 2012 Survey of Business Owners (SBO). It then provides a brief overview of veterans' employment experiences. The report also describes the employment assistance programs offered by several federal agencies to assist veterans in their transition from the military to the civilian labor force. It also discusses the SBA's Military Reservist Economic Injury Disaster Loan program and P.L. 114-38, the Veterans Entrepreneurship Act of 2015.
Date: April 27, 2018
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Small Business Size Standards: A Historical Analysis of Contemporary Issues

Description: This report provides a historical examination of the Small Business Administration's (SBA) size standards and assesses competing views concerning how to define a small business. It also discusses recent legislation related to small business size standards and regulation.
Date: April 17, 2018
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Business Investment Spending Slowdown

Description: This report discusses the slowdown in business investment spending over the last decade and various reasons why the slowdown may have occurred.
Date: April 9, 2018
Creator: Labonte, Marc
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

SBA's Office of Inspector General: Overview, Impact, and Relationship with Congress

Description: This report examines the Small Business Administration(SBA), Office of the Inspector General (OIG's) statutory authorities; reporting requirements; funding ($26.9 million in FY2018, including $7 million in supplemental appropriations for overseeing SBA disaster assistance); staffing and organizational structure; and recent activities (audits, investigations, etc.). It also examines the SBA OIG's impact on monetary savings, SBA programs and operations, and legislation affecting the agency. The report concludes with observations concerning the SBA OIG's relationship with Congress.
Date: April 5, 2018
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Small Business Administration Microloan Program

Description: This report provides an overview of the Small Business Administration's microloan program and its funding sources.
Date: March 30, 2018
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Business Tax Provisions that Expired in 2017 (Tax Extenders")

Description: This report discusses twelve temporary business tax extenders which expired at the end of 2017.
Date: March 29, 2018
Creator: Sherlock, Molly F.; Gravelle, Jane G.; Lowry, Sean & Marples, Donald J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Paid Family Leave in the United States

Description: This report discusses paid family leave's availability in the United States and recent legislation and proposals related to it.
Date: March 20, 2018
Creator: Donovan, Sarah A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

SBA's 8(a) Program: Overview, History, and Current Issues

Description: This report examines the Minority Small Business and Capital Ownership Development Program's (8(a) Program) historical development, key requirements, administrative structures and operations, and the SBA's oversight of 8(a) firms. It also discusses two SBA programs designed to support 8(a) firms, the 7(j) Management and Technical Assistance Program and the 8(a) Mentor-Protégé Program, and provides various program statistics. It concludes with an analysis of current Program 8(a) issues.
Date: March 16, 2018
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Pass-Throughs, Corporations, and Small Businesses, A Look at Firm Size

Description: This report discusses the definition of small businesses and what types of companies they are (corporatiom, pass-through, sole proprietorship etc.) along with information on the relation between firm size and company type.
Date: March 15, 2018
Creator: Keightley, Mark P. & Hughes, Joseph S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

SBA Small Business Investment Company Program

Description: This report describes the Small Business Investment Company (SBIC) program's structure and operations, focusing on SBIC eligibility requirements, investment activity, and program statistics. It also includes information concerning the SBIC program's debenture SBIC program, participating securities SBIC program, impact investment SBIC debenture program (targeting underserved markets and communities facing barriers to access to credit and capital), and the now-sunset early stage debenture SBIC initiative.
Date: March 9, 2018
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Small Business Administration 7(a) Loan Guaranty Program

Description: This report discusses the rationale provided for the Small Business Administration's 7(a) loan guaranty program. It also examines issues raised concerning the SBA's administration of the 7(a) program, including the oversight of 7(a) lenders and the program's lack of outcome-based performance measures. The report also surveys congressional and presidential actions taken in recent years to enhance small businesses' access to capital.
Date: March 9, 2018
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Latest on the SEC's Consideration of the Proposed Acquisition of Chicago Stock Exchange

Description: This report is an update of an earlier report regarding the SEC's consideration of a rule change regarding the proposed acquisition of the Chicago Stock Exchange by a group of Chinese investors with ties to the Chinese government. The SEC disapproved the rule change due to a lack of documentation on the funding sources of some investors and the deal was called off on March 5, 2018.
Date: March 7, 2018
Creator: Sykes, Jay B.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Small Business Mentor-Protégé Programs

Description: This report provides an overview of the various small business mentor-protégé programs of the federal government. As is discussed below, while all these programs are intended to assist small businesses in performing as contractors, subcontractors, or suppliers on federal or federally funded contracts, the programs differ significantly in their scope and operations. Table A-1 in the Appendix provides an overview of key differences among the programs.
Date: March 6, 2018
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

NAFTA Renegotiation and Modernization

Description: This report discusses the NAFTA renegotiation process and major topics of interest in the agreement as well as Congress's role in the negotiation and approval process.
Date: February 27, 2018
Creator: Villarreal, M. Angeles & Fergusson, Ian F.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

U.S. Manufacturing in International Perspective

Description: This report is designed to inform the debate over the health of U.S. manufacturing through a series of charts and tables that depict the position of the United States relative to other countries according to various metrics. This report does not describe or discuss specific policy options.
Date: February 21, 2018
Creator: Levinson, Marc
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Small Business Administration (SBA) Funding: Overview and Recent Trends

Description: This report examines the Small Business Administration's (SBA's) appropriations (new budget authority, minus rescissions and sequestration) over time, focusing on developments and trends since FY2000.
Date: February 16, 2018
Creator: Dilger, Robert Jay
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department