Congressional Research Service Reports - 1,691 Matching Results

Search Results

Defense: FY2009 Authorization and Appropriations

Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Defense. This report summarizes the status of defense authorization and appropriation bills, their scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity.
Date: June 18, 2008
Creator: Towell, Pat & Daggett, Stephen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Strategic Airlift Modernization: Analysis of C-5 Modernization and C-17 Acquisition Issues

Description: This report discusses an issue currently before Congress regarding the appropriate size of strategic airlift fleet. There is a consensus among policy makers that the Department of Defense (DOD) must maintain a robust and effective strategic airlift fleet.
Date: June 6, 2008
Creator: Knight, William & Bolkcom, Christopher
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Amtrak: Budget and Reauthorization

Description: This report discusses the background and funding of Amtrak, which was created by Congress in 1970 to provide intercity passenger railroad service. It operates approximately 44 routes over 22,000 miles of track, 97% of which is owned by freight rail companies. It runs a deficit each year, and requires federal assistance to cover operating losses and capital investment. Without a yearly federal grant to cover operating losses, Amtrak would not survive as presently configured.
Date: February 6, 2009
Creator: Frittelli, John & Peterman, David R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Federal Government Debt: Its Size and Economic Significance

Description: This report explains the different measures of the U.S. government debt, discusses the historical growth in the debt, identifies the current owners of the debt, presents comparisons with government debt in other countries, and examines the potential economic risks associated with a growing federal debt.
Date: March 4, 2009
Creator: Cashell, Brian W.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding

Description: This report discusses the Assistance to Firefighters Grant (AFG) Program, also known as fire grants of the FIRE Act grant program. The program provides federal grants directly to local fire departments and unaffiliated Emergency Medical Services (EMS) organizations to help address a variety of equipment, training, and other firefighter-related and EMS needs. This report also discusses the possible reauthorization of AFG and the related Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response Firefighters (SAFER) program.
Date: October 10, 2008
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding

Description: This report discusses the Assistance to Firefighters Grant (AFG) Program, also known as fire grants of the FIRE Act grant program. The program provides federal grants directly to local fire departments and unaffiliated Emergency Medical Services (EMS) organizations to help address a variety of equipment, training, and other firefighter-related and EMS needs. This report also discusses the possible reauthorization of AFG and the related Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response Firefighters (SAFER) program.
Date: February 19, 2009
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Department of Justice (DOJ) Appropriations for FY2008 and FY2009

Description: This report provides a discussion of funding for the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) for fiscal years 2008 and 2009, including background information, a breakdown of funding from FY2008 regular and supplemental funding, and budget requests for FY2009.
Date: June 10, 2008
Creator: Krouse, William J.; Franco, Celinda & James, Nathan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Defense Spending and the Budget Control Act Limits

Description: This report discusses the Budget Control Act, which sets limits on defense spending between fiscal years 2012 and 2021 and possible measures to avoid a sequester. The current debate in Congress has centered on whether to adjust the BCA defense caps upward; move base budget spending to accounts designated for Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) that are not subject to spending limits; reduce the defense spending in the Administration's request to comply with BCA revised caps; or use some combination of these approaches.
Date: July 22, 2015
Creator: Belasco, Amy
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Medicare Financial Status: In Brief

Description: This report provides an overview on Medicare, discussing its various components and sources of funding. The report also examines projections for spending within the program.
Date: August 10, 2015
Creator: Davis, Patricia A.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

USAID's Office of Transition Initiatives After 15 Years: Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses USAID's Office of Transition Initiatives' (OTI's) origin, its past and present activities, and issues about the program's impact, structure, and role within USAID that may be of interest to Congress. OTI's activities are overtly political, based on the idea that in the midst of political crisis and instability abroad there are local agents of change whose efforts, when supported by timely and creative U.S. assistance, can tip the balance toward peaceful and democratic outcomes that advance U.S. foreign policy objectives.
Date: May 27, 2009
Creator: Lawson, Marian L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Federal Disaster Recovery Programs: Brief Summaries

Description: This report identifies programs administered by federal agencies to provide a range of assistance to individual victims; state, territorial, and local governments; and non-governmental entities after major disasters, including certain terrorist attacks. It provides brief descriptive information to help congressional offices determine which programs bear further consideration in the planning, organization, or implementation of recovery operations.
Date: January 30, 2009
Creator: Torsell, Carolyn V.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Second FY2008 Supplemental Appropriations for Military Operations, International Affairs, and Other Purposes

Description: This report discusses supplemental appropriations for fiscal years 2008 and 2009. During its first session, the 110th Congress approved fiscal year 2008 emergency supplemental appropriations of $86.8 billion for the Department of Defense and $2.4 billion for international affairs.
Date: June 25, 2008
Creator: Daggett, Stephen; Epstein, Susan B.; Margesson, Rhoda & Loane, Shannon S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Energy Provisions in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (P.L. 111-5)

Description: This report discusses the energy appropriations in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA, P.L. 111-5). It includes background information, a summary of provisions, and detailed explanations of the relevant appropriations and tax provisions.
Date: March 3, 2009
Creator: Sissine, Fred; Andrews, Anthony; Folger, Peter; Kaplan, Stan M.; Morgan, Daniel; Stine, Deborah D. et al.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Defense: FY2009 Authorization and Appropriations

Description: This report is a guide to one of the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Defense. This report summarizes the status of defense authorization and appropriation bills, their scope, major issues, funding levels, and related congressional activity.
Date: July 17, 2008
Creator: Towell, Pat & Daggett, Stephen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FY2016 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Issues

Description: This report provides a brief synopsis of sections in H.R. 1735 that pertain to selected personnel policy. These include major military retirement reforms, end strengths, compensation, health care, and sexual assault, as well as less prominent issues that nonetheless generate significant public interest. This report focuses exclusively on the annual defense authorization process.
Date: July 22, 2015
Creator: Jansen, Don J.; Kamarck, Kristy N.; Kapp, Lawrence & Salazar Torreon, Barbara
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Legislative Procedures for Adjusting the Public Debt Limit: A Brief Overview

Description: This report discusses the procedure for adjusting the public debt limit. Nearly all of the outstanding debt of the federal government is subject to a statutory limit, which is set forth as a dollar limitation in 31 U.S.C. 3101(b). From time to time, Congress considers and passes legislation to adjust or suspend this limit.
Date: August 6, 2015
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Analysis of Efforts to Double Federal Funding for Physical Sciences and Engineering Research

Description: This report provides information and analysis on the origins of the doubling effort; selected acts of Congress, other events, and reports; authorizations and appropriations; the effects of the doubling effort on the funding level and character of federal research funding for the physical sciences and engineering disciplines; and related policy issues.
Date: September 8, 2015
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Assistance to Firefighters Program: Distribution of Fire Grant Funding

Description: This report discusses the Assistance to Firefighters Grant (AFG) Program, also known as fire grants of the FIRE Act grant program. The program provides federal grants directly to local fire departments and unaffiliated Emergency Medical Services (EMS) organizations to help address a variety of equipment, training, and other firefighter-related and EMS needs. This report also discusses the possible reauthorization of AFG and the related Staffing for Adequate Fire and Emergency Response Firefighters (SAFER) program.
Date: September 22, 2008
Creator: Kruger, Lennard G.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Navy CG(X) Cruiser Program: Background, Oversight Issues, and Options for Congress

Description: This report discusses the reasoning behind the development of the Navy CG(X) cruiser program, the budgetary actions taking place to enable their development, selected technical specifics of their design, and various other information relating to defense procurement costs.
Date: July 1, 2008
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Increases in Tricare Costs: Background and Options for Congress

Description: This report discusses budgetary matters for the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD), specifically regarding past instances of debate regarding the Tricare system. The dollar amounts allocated to health care in the budget of the DOD have more than doubled since FY2001, growing from about $17 billion to over $44.8 billion in FY2009.
Date: May 14, 2009
Creator: Jansen, Don J.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Long-Range Ballistic Missile Defense in Europe

Description: This report discusses long-range ballistic missile defense in Europe. It includes background information on the topic, the particular threat, and the system to be used, as well as locations (Poland and the Czech Republic), policy issues, congressional actions, and related information.
Date: July 24, 2008
Creator: Hildreth, Steven A. & Ek, Carl
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

V-22 Osprey Tilt-Rotor Aircraft

Description: This report discusses background information on the V-22 Osprey Tilt-Rotor Aircraft, as well as procurement and related oversight issues for Congress.
Date: June 4, 2008
Creator: Bolkcom, Christopher & Knight, William
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department