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Congress and the Budget: 2016 Actions and Events

Description: This report seeks to assist in (1) anticipating what budget-related actions might occur within the upcoming year, and (2) staying abreast of budget actions that occur this year. It provides a general description of the recurrent types of budgetary actions, and reflects on current events that unfold in each category during 2016.
Date: April 22, 2016
Creator: Driessen, Grant A. & Lynch, Megan S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Federal Activities Inventory Reform Act and Circular A-76

Description: This report begins with a brief history of Circular A-76, a review of the its key components, and an assessment of the implementation of the circular. The section on FAIR (Federal Activities Inventory Reform Act) describes how it emerged from a series of compromises, explains the statute's key provisions, and reviews the implementation process, including guidance issued by OMB. The final section addresses recent initiatives, notably the President's competitive sourcing initiative and the Commercial Activities Panel.
Date: April 6, 2007
Creator: Halchin, L. E.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Department of Justice (DOJ) Appropriations for FY2008 and FY2009

Description: This report provides a discussion of funding for the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) for fiscal years 2008 and 2009, including background information, a breakdown of funding from FY2008 regular and supplemental funding, and budget requests for FY2009.
Date: June 10, 2008
Creator: Krouse, William J.; Franco, Celinda & James, Nathan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Second FY2008 Supplemental Appropriations for Military Operations, International Affairs, and Other Purposes

Description: This report discusses supplemental appropriations for fiscal years 2008 and 2009. During its first session, the 110th Congress approved fiscal year 2008 emergency supplemental appropriations of $86.8 billion for the Department of Defense and $2.4 billion for international affairs.
Date: June 25, 2008
Creator: Daggett, Stephen; Epstein, Susan B.; Margesson, Rhoda & Loane, Shannon S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

An Analysis of Efforts to Double Federal Funding for Physical Sciences and Engineering Research

Description: This report provides information and analysis on the origins of the doubling effort; selected acts of Congress, other events, and reports; authorizations and appropriations; the effects of the doubling effort on the funding level and character of federal research funding for the physical sciences and engineering disciplines; and related policy issues.
Date: September 8, 2015
Creator: Sargent, John F., Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies: FY2016 Appropriations in Brief

Description: This report focuses on FY2016 appropriations for Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies. It presents a brief overview of the appropriations requested by the President for FY2016 for agencies in the bill. It also briefly compares the FY2016 requested appropriations with appropriations enacted for FY2015. Finally, it provides the appropriations enacted for the bill for the last nine years (FY2007-FY2015) in current dollars (not adjusted for inflation) and constant dollars (adjusted for inflation).
Date: June 5, 2015
Creator: Hardy Vincent, Carol
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Health Care and Markets

Description: Health care spending is one of the most rapidly growing portions of the federal budget. Projections suggest if the rapid growth in health care costs is not curtailed, governments at all levels will face an uncomfortable choice between significant cuts in other spending priorities or major tax increases. This report examines the economic justification for government intervention and involvement in health care markets.
Date: January 5, 2007
Creator: Austin, D. Andrew
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congressional Budget Actions in 2006

Description: This report discusses the congressional budget process, which consists of the consideration and adoption of spending, revenue, and debt-limit legislation within the framework of an annual concurrent resolution on the budget.
Date: March 3, 2006
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

House Rules Changes Affecting the Congressional Budget Process Made at the Beginning of the 112th Congress

Description: This report discusses the changes to the congressional budget process under H.Res. 5 (an agreement made January 5, 2011), which includes six changes made to the House Standing Rules as well as separate orders also affecting the process.
Date: July 20, 2011
Creator: Heniff, Bill, Jr.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

FY2004 Appropriations for First Responder Preparedness: Fact Sheet

Description: This report provides an overview of FY2004 appropriations for state and local terrorism preparedness. Preparedness may be defined as enhancing a state or local government’s capability to respond effectively to a terrorist attack, particularly one involving a weapon of mass destruction (WMD).
Date: July 24, 2006
Creator: Reese, Shawn
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

How Big Should the Army Be? Considerations for Congress

Description: This report provides an overview of active duty Army personnel strength changes in recent years, outlines the different end strength authorizations in the House and Senate versions of the FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA), highlights the perspectives which have contributed to these diverging approaches in the respective NDAAs, and outlines some factors which Congress may consider as it determines the appropriate size for the Army.
Date: September 2, 2016
Creator: Kapp, Lawrence; Feickert, Andrew; McInnis, Kathleen J. & Williams, Lynn M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) FY2017 Appropriations: Overview

Description: This report discusses the Financial Services and General Government (FSGG) appropriations bill, which includes funding for the Department of the Treasury (Title I), the Executive Office of the President (EOP, Title II), the judiciary (Title III), the District of Columbia (Title IV), and more than two dozen independent agencies (Title V). The bill typically funds mandatory retirement accounts in Title VI, which also contains additional general provisions applying to the funding provided agencies through the FSGG bill. Title VII contains general provisions applying government-wide. The FSGG bills have often also contained provisions relating to U.S. policy toward Cuba.
Date: June 20, 2016
Creator: Webel, Baird
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Congress and the Budget: 2016 Actions and Events

Description: This report seeks to assist in (1) anticipating what budget-related actions might occur within the upcoming year, and (2) staying abreast of budget actions that occur this year. It provides a general description of the recurrent types of budgetary actions, and reflects on current events that unfold in each category during 2016.
Date: July 22, 2016
Creator: Driessen, Grant A. & Lynch, Megan S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Intelligence Community Spending: Trends and Issues

Description: This report examines Intelligence Community (IC) funding over the past several decades, with an emphasis on the period from 2007-2017--the period in which total national and military intelligence program (NIP and MIP) spending dollars have been publicly disclosed on an annual basis. Intelligence-related spending (such as the Homeland Security Intelligence Program) that does not fall within the NIP and MIP is outside the scope of this report.
Date: November 8, 2016
Creator: Daugherty Miles, Anne
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

DHS Appropriations FY2017: Security, Enforcement, and Investigations

Description: This report is part of a suite of reports that discuss appropriations for the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) for FY2017. It specifically discusses appropriations for the components of DHS included in the second title of the homeland security appropriations bill-- Customs and Border Protection, Immigration and Customs Enforcement, the Transportation Security Administration, the U.S. Coast Guard, and the U.S. Secret Service. Collectively, Congress has labeled these components in recent years as "Security, Enforcement, and Investigations.
Date: October 27, 2016
Creator: Painter, William L.; Argueta, Carla N.; Elias, Bart; Frittelli, John & Siskin, Alison
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Budget "Sequestration" and Selected Program Exemptions and Special Rules

Description: "Sequestration" is a process of automatic, largely across-the-board spending reductions under which budgetary resources are permanently canceled to enforce certain budget policy goals. This report looks at the history and current status of sequestration at it relates to Congress. This includes how it is enacted and special rules that can apply.
Date: April 27, 2012
Creator: Spar, Karen
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Building Civilian Interagency Capacity for Missions Abroad: Key Proposals and Issues for Congress

Description: Within the past two decades, prominent foreign policy organizations and foreign policy experts have perceived serious deficiencies in the authorities, organizations, and personnel used to conduct interagency missions that prevent the United States from exercising its power to full advantage. For the 112th Congress, proposals to address these problems may be of interest for their perceived potential not only to enhance performance, but also to save money by streamlining processes, encouraging interagency cooperation, and reducing duplication. These proposals also provide context for current and recent legislation, including the Interagency Personnel Rotation Act of 2011 (S. 1268 and H.R. 2314) and the Contingency Operations Oversight and Interagency Enhancement Act of 2011 (H.R. 3660), as well as the new Global Security Contingency Fund contained in the FY2012 National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA, Section 1207, H.R. 1540, P.L. 112-81, signed into law December 31, 2011). The FY2012 NDAA requires the President to submit to Congress a “whole-of-government” implementation plan.
Date: February 2, 2012
Creator: Serafino, Nina M.; Dale, Catherine & Towell, Pat
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2011, FY2012, and Beyond

Description: This report examines the federal budgets for the fiscal years 2011 and 2012. It gives an overview of the federal budget, addresses the problems of budgeting in a strained economy, and discusses considerations for Congress, both in the short term and the long term.
Date: March 11, 2011
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2013 and Beyond

Description: The federal budget is central to Congress's ability to exercise its “power of the purse.” Over the last several fiscal years the imbalance between spending and revenues has grown as a result of the economic downturn and policies enacted in response to financial turmoil. This report looks at ways in which Congress and the Obama Administration have acted in order to reduce US budgetary issues.
Date: February 17, 2012
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

The Federal Budget: Issues for FY2013 and Beyond

Description: The federal budget is central to Congress's ability to exercise its "power of the purse." Over the last several fiscal years the imbalance between spending and revenues has grown as a result of the economic downturn and policies enacted in response to financial turmoil. This report discusses how a growing budget deficit will affect the FY2013 budget and government spending.
Date: March 27, 2012
Creator: Levit, Mindy R.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Fact Sheet: The FY2013 State and Foreign Operations Budget Request

Description: On February 13, 2012, the Obama Administration submitted its FY2013 budget request, including $54.7 billion for State Department, Foreign Operations, and Related Appropriations. Of the total request, $18.6 billion is for programs funded through the State operations and related agencies (a 4.6% increase over FY2012 estimates), and $36.1 billion is for foreign operations (a 0.1% increase over FY2012 estimates). This fact sheet provides a brief overview of the request.
Date: March 19, 2012
Creator: Epstein, Susan B.; Lawson, Marian Leonardo & Tiersky, Alex L.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department