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Item Veto and Expanded Impoundment Proposals

Description: In recent years conflicting budget priorities and divided political control have accentuated the institutional tensions between the executive and legislative branches inherent in the federal budget process. President Bush, like his recent predecessors, has called for an item veto, or possibly expanded impoundment authority, to provide him with greater control over federal spending. This report provides a brief history of impoundment and discusses the debate surrounding the line item veto.
Date: September 26, 2005
Creator: McMurtry, Virginia A
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Farm Commodity Policy: Programs and Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses issues for Congress regarding farm commodities. Farm commodity programs represent the heart of U.S. farm policy. The 2002 farm bill (P.L. 107-171) establishes farm income support and commodity price support programs for the 2002-2007 crop years.
Date: September 22, 2005
Creator: Monke, Jim
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Repairing and Reconstructing Disaster-Damaged Roads and Bridges: The Role of Federal-Aid Highway Assistance

Description: This report describes Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) assistance for the repair and reconstruction of disaster damaged highways and bridges. It begins with a brief discussion of the legislative origins of federal assistance and describes the ER program in its current form. The report then discusses eligibility issues and program operation. Finally, the report discusses a number of issues, including funding, that may be of interest to Congress.
Date: September 16, 2005
Creator: Kirk, Robert S.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Deficit Impact of Reconciliation Legislation Enacted in 1990, 1993, and 1997

Description: The budget reconciliation process is an optional procedure that operates as an adjunct to the annual budget resolution process. The FY2006 budget resolution, H.Con.Res. 95, includes reconciliation instructions affecting mandatory spending and revenues. For the first time since 1997, reconciliation is proposed to reduce mandatory spending as part of a deficit-reduction plan. As background on past efforts in this regard, the deficit impact of three major reconciliation acts enacted in the 1990s is briefly summarized.
Date: August 30, 2005
Creator: Keith, Robert
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Legislative Branch: FY2006 Appropriations

Description: This report is a guide to the regular appropriations bills that Congress considers each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House Committee on Appropriations and Senate Subcommittee on Legislative Branch of the Senate Committee on Appropriations. It summarizes the current legislative status of the bill, its scope, major issues, funding levels, and related legislative activity.
Date: August 30, 2005
Creator: Dwyer, Paul E
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Arts and Humanities: Background on Funding

Description: This report includes a brief description regarding funding for the arts and humanities as a perennial issue in Congress. Although arts funding represents less than 1% of the Bush Administration’s FY2006 total estimated budget authority, Congress continues to address the concern of whether federal funding is crucial to sustain arts institutions.
Date: August 26, 2005
Creator: Boren, Susan
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Environmental Protection Agency: Appropriations for FY2006

Description: The 109th Congress moved funding jurisdiction for the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) from the Veterans Affairs, Housing and Urban Development (VA-HUD), and Independent Agencies appropriations subcommittee to the Interior subcommittee. Title II of the Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act for FY2006 (P.L. 109-54, H.R. 2361) provides $7.73 billion for EPA, subject to an across-the-board rescission of 0.476%. Section 439 of Title IV indicates that the rescission is to be applied proportionately among each account, program, project, and activity specified in the law, accompanying reports, and the President’s budget request.
Date: August 25, 2005
Creator: Esworthy, Robert & Bearden, David M.
Partner: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department