Cranberry harvesting and handling. Page: 1
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CRANBERRY HARVESTING AND
By HENRY J. FRANKLIN, Superintendent of the Cranberry Substation, Massachusetts
Agricultural Experiment Station; GEORGE Mi. DARROW, Pomnologist,
Office of Horticultural Investigations, Bureau of Plant Industry; and
0. G. IMALDE, formerly Superintendent, Wisconsin Cranberry Experiment
Importance of careful picking, han- Yields, costs, and returns__-------- 11
dling, and packing in relation to Handling and storing___________ 1
marketing 1 Grading, sorting, and packing______ 17
Harvesting _________________2 arketing________ ____________ 23
Methods of harvesting _ _ - 3 Cooperative organizations ________ 26
IMPORTANCE OF CAREFUL PICKING, HANDLING, AND
PACKING IN RELATION TO MARKETING.
IN ORDER TO HARVEST and market a cranberry crop in the
best condition it is necessary, first of all, so to construct and
manage the field that sound berries are produced. Such fruit.
though naturally possessing good keeping qualities, may be spoiled
in handling, or it may be so handled that it can be shipped to the
most distant market in the United States in good condition. As
commonly handled, however, perhaps the loss between field and
consumer has been greater with the cranberry than with any other
fruit. Losses to the grower start in the field, where ordinarily 5 to
15 per cent and sometimes even 30 per cent of the crop is left by the
pickers. A second loss occurs from natural shrinkage of the berries,
due mostly to respiration. This shrinkage is slight when the berries
are shipped immediately after picking and consumed within a short
time, but when the crop is held in storage for some months it may
reach 12 per cent. A third loss occurs when, as the result of injury
in picking or in handling the boxes of berries, in " screening," and in
packing, fungi infect the berries and they decay. Still other losses
may occur as the result of freezing and smothering.
Recent investigations have revealed the causes of most of the losses,
and the experience of certain growers has shown that many of them
can be avoided. The organization of growers into both educational
and cooperative selling associations has furnished a means of inform1
In Massachusetts and New Jersey the name "bog" is commonly applied to areas
planted to cranberries, though very small areas are referred to as " yards." In Wisconsin
the word "marsh " is used in place of "bog." The words "bog" and "marsh" both
refer to swampy ground. The popular conception of a bog or marsh is a swamp where
mosquitoes breed, a nuisance in any neighborhood. Neither term, then, is fitly applied
to a developed, well-drained cranberry property. To apply a term in keeping with
modern methods of raising cranberries, the term "field" is used in this bulletin, and a
properly drained area planted to cranberries is called a "cranberry field."
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Franklin, Henry J. (Henry James), 1883-1958; Darrow, George M. (George McMillan), 1889- & Malde, O. G. (Ole Gustav), 1880-. Cranberry harvesting and handling., book, April 1924; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9964/m1/3/: accessed August 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.