Dewberry growing. Page: 10
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Farmers' Bulletin 1403.
hill. It is curved over the top of the stake and fastened to it, and
the other end is placed in the second hill. The canes from each hill
are wound around this wire before being tied to the end of the stake.
This system of tying the canes from two hills to one stake seems
especially adapted to regions where the canes do not grow very long.
In southwestern Michigan and in the Germantown section in New
York, where stakes are expensive, a wire trellis is often used. The
plants are set about 2 to 2 feet apart in rows 7 to 8 feet apart.
Posts are set along the row, from 20 to 40 feet apart, depending
on their strength and the vigor of the canes. In Michigan the posts
project about 3 feet above the ground, and a wire about 2i feet
above the ground is stretched along them. In New York the wire
is about 4 feet above the ground and the posts correspondingly high.
In both States the canes are gathered together in a bunch and tied
to the wire, as shown in Figure 12. The ends are commonly cut off
8 to 12 inches above
* , -- 0: _-the wire. In Michigan
the ends are tied
along the wire and
left to bear fruit.
In some regions a
trellis is made with
two wires. The posts
_ __ _ -_ __ __ _ _ _ :f *0 are set about 5 feet
FIG. 9.-Long-handled shears used in North Carolina for high and the wires
pruning dewberries. The steel blades are curved up- are strung one above
ward, thus enabling the pruner to cut the canes close 3 o
to the crown without much stooping. the other, about 3
and 5 feet above the
ground. The canes are tied to the wires, part along the upper wire
and part along the lower. This method is rarely used except on the
In other regions neither stakes nor a wire trellis are used. The
plants are set from 18 to 36 inches apart in rows 4 to 6 feet apart.
Throughout the summer the plants are cultivated in one direction
only. The tips are usually allowed to root at will along the row, but
not between the rows. In Texas, where this system is used, it is
necessary before picking to go over the plantation with a sickle or
knife to cut the new canes back. The canes interfere with the pickers,
and the cutting back does not injure the plants. After the crop
has been harvested the canes are mowed as close to the ground as is
possible with a machine. When dry they are burned without being
removed from the field. This cleans the field of diseases and insects
that may be on the canes, besides saving the cost of removing
the old canes. The fields are then cultivated during the remainder
of the summer, and the new canes are allowed to make a solid row.
Occasionally in Texas a plow is used to cut off all the plants just
below the crowns. This removes all diseases and insects in the
crowns, and the new canes spring directly from the roots. These
canes will not be as strong as those from the crown, but will bear a
good crop the following year and a full one the second year. In
Texas many dewberry fields when trained in this manner are
mulched during the winter or spring with prairie hay. The berries
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Darrow, George M. (George McMillan), 1889-. Dewberry growing., book, 1933; Washington D.C.. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9963/m1/12/: accessed January 25, 2021), University of North Texas Libraries, UNT Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.