Emergency Medical Workers' Mass Shooting Incident Stress and Psychological Recovery

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This article identifies 36 emergency medical workers' most common stress reactions and recovery processes after a heavy-fatality mass shooting incident.

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17 p.

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Jenkins, Sharon Rae August 1998.

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This article is part of the collection entitled: UNT Scholarly Works and was provided by University of North Texas to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. It has been viewed 47 times . More information about this article can be viewed below.

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Description

This article identifies 36 emergency medical workers' most common stress reactions and recovery processes after a heavy-fatality mass shooting incident.

Physical Description

17 p.

Notes

Abstract: This study was designed to identify 36 emergency medical workers' most common stress reactions and recovery processes after a heavy-fatality mass shooting incident, and to relate stressors, reactions, and recovery resources to workers' major symptoms and satisfaction with their role in the incident. Anxiety/worry (28 percent), anger/hostility (22 percent), sleep disturbances (22 percent), and obsessive-compulsive preoccupations (19 percent) were common in the first week post-event. Coworkers provided the most commonly sought (by 94 percent) and consistently effective social support; counselors were as effective but used by only 50 percent. Victim contact, low helplessness, high social support availability for "anything," and joking about the incident were related to workers' satisfaction with the role they played in the incident. Interventions for emergency medical personnel after mass casualty events should target anxiety and hostility symptoms, sleep disturbances, obsessive-compulsive preoccupations, and helpless feelings; encourage global social support, especially among coworkers; provide voluntary counseling; and include family members.

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  • International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters, 1998. Mattoon, IL: International Research Committee on Disasters

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  • Publication Title: International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters
  • Volume: 16
  • Issue: 2
  • Pages: 181-197
  • Peer Reviewed: Yes

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  • August 1998

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  • Sept. 17, 2017, 6:24 p.m.

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Jenkins, Sharon Rae. Emergency Medical Workers' Mass Shooting Incident Stress and Psychological Recovery, article, August 1998; Mattoon, Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc993380/: accessed September 26, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting University of North Texas.