The Latin American-United States Fishing Rights Controversy: Dilemma for United States Foreign Policy (1969-1971) Page: 1
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The current crisis in diplomatic relations between the United States
and Ecuador has resulted from the latter's recent seizures of U.S. fishing
vessels in waters regarded by the United States as the high seas. But
the dispute between the United States and Ecuador is only one phase of
a larger controversy over fishing rights which has been growing for a
long time. Incidents involving fishing rights have been a source of
irritation in relations between the United States anid Chile, Ecuador and
Peru for the last 17 years, and in recent years disputes have increased
both in complexity and in magnitude, largely because of the following
A. the number of incidents of seizure and harassment of U.S.
tuna vessels, including shooting incidents, has increased substantially,
and little progress has been made toward resolution of the dispute;
B. members of the United States Congress, increasingly concerned
and angry, are seeking additional legislative sanctions involving U.S.
economic and military assistance to the offending nations;
C. ten Latin American nations now claim a 200-mile sea jurisdiction
and nine of these have united in a declaration which asserts the right
of all states to establish the limits of their maritime jurisdiction
in accordance with their national needs;
D. the right of territorial sovereignty over ocean resources has I
become an integral part of the increasingly nationalistic philosophy
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Hagen, Virginia M. The Latin American-United States Fishing Rights Controversy: Dilemma for United States Foreign Policy (1969-1971), report, April 15, 1971; Washington D.C.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc992685/m1/3/: accessed December 11, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.