Fearful Faces do Not Lead to Faster Attentional Deployment in Individuals with Elevated Psychopathic Traits

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This article discusses a gaze-cueing experiment in which the predictivity of a gaze-cue was manipulated to assess the degree to which individuals with elevated psychopathic traits can use contextual information.

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9 p.

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Hoppenbrouwers, Sylvo S.; Munneke, Jaap; Kooiman, Karen A.; Little, Bethany; Neumann, Craig S. & Theeuwes, Jan June 30, 2017.

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This article discusses a gaze-cueing experiment in which the predictivity of a gaze-cue was manipulated to assess the degree to which individuals with elevated psychopathic traits can use contextual information.

Physical Description

9 p.

Notes

Abstract: In the current study, a gaze-cueing experiment (similar to Dawel et al. 2015) was conducted in which the predictivity of a gaze-cue was manipulated (non-predictive vs highly predictive). This was done to assess the degree to which individuals with elevated psychopathic traits can use contextual information (i.e., the predictivity of the cue). Psychopathic traits were measured with the Self-Report Psychopathy Scale-Short Form (SRP-SF) in a mixed sample (undergraduate students and community members). Results showed no group difference in reaction times between high and non-predictive cueing blocks, suggesting that individuals with elevated psychopathic traits can indeed use contextual information when it is relevant. In addition, we observed that fearful facial expressions did not lead to a change in reaction times in individuals with elevated psychopathic traits, whereas individuals with low psychopathic traits showed speeded responses when confronted with a fearful face, compared to a neutral face. This suggests that fearful faces do not lead to faster attentional deployment in individuals with elevated psychopathic traits.

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  • Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 2017. New York, NY: Springer

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  • Publication Title: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
  • Peer Reviewed: Yes

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  • June 30, 2017

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  • July 31, 2017, 8:25 p.m.

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Hoppenbrouwers, Sylvo S.; Munneke, Jaap; Kooiman, Karen A.; Little, Bethany; Neumann, Craig S. & Theeuwes, Jan. Fearful Faces do Not Lead to Faster Attentional Deployment in Individuals with Elevated Psychopathic Traits, article, June 30, 2017; New York, New York. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc987451/: accessed May 27, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT College of Arts and Sciences.