Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California Page: 77

Table 15 (continued)

State Grade Library Measure AR2 p Beta Co-variables

Colorado
(Lance et al., 1993)
Massachusetts
(Baughman, 2000) a
Colorado
(Lance et al., 1993)

Colorado
(Lance, et al., 2000a)
Iowa
(Rodney et al., 2002)
Massachusetts
(Baughman, 2000) a
Colorado
(Lance et al., 1993)

5 LMC size: includes total staff
hours/week, number of books,
periodical subscriptions,
videos.

elem-
entary

LM program development
Includes books per pupil, full-
time librarian, automation.

7 LMC size: includes total staff
hours/week, number of books,
periodical subscriptions,
videos.
7 Staffing, Collections and
Funding
8 LM program development
middle LM program development:
school includes books per pupil, full-
time librarian
10 LMC size: includes total staff
hours/week, number of books,
periodical subscriptions,
videos.

.09** <.01 .3 At Risk: a factor including free &
reduced lunch, percent minority,
percent parents high school
graduates.
.073** <.001 ---e Percent students eligible for free and
reduced lunch
.210** <.01 .47 At Risk: a factor including free &
reduced lunch, percent minority,
percent parents high school
graduates.
.016* <.05 .131 Percent students eligible for free and
reduced lunch; percent minority
students
.028** <.001 .169 District expenditures per pupil

.045** <.001

---e Percent students eligible for free and
reduced lunch

.070* <.05 .27 At Risk: a factor including free &
reduced lunch, percent minority,
percent parents high school
graduates.

(table continues)

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Achterman, Douglas L. Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California, dissertation, December 2008; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9800/m1/91/ocr/: accessed August 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .