Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California Page: 64

Lance, et al., (2002) found a significant positive correlation only at the elementary level, while
in Florida, Baumbach (2003) found positive correlations at elementary and high school levels.
Total staffing, LMS staffing, and print collections represent the strongest correlations between
individual library program variables and student achievement in statewide studies. See Table 12
for a summary of these states' results.
Table 12
State Test Scores and Total Library Media Center Staffing Levels.: Bivariate Correlations
State Grade Correlation State Test r
Florida (Baumbach, 2003) 3 Total No. Staff Reading .129**
Florida (Baumbach, 2003) 3 Total Staffing Hrs. Reading .130**
Michigan (Rodney et al., 2003) 4 Total No. Staff Reading .342*
Michigan (Rodney et al., 2003) 4 Total Staffing Hrs. Reading .298*
New Mexico (Lance et al., 2002) 4 Total No. Staff Language Arts .167*
Wisconsin (Smith, 2006) 4 Total No. Staff Reading .144**
Wisconsin (Smith, 2006) 4 Total No. Staff Language Arts .116*
Pennsylvania (Lance et al., 2000b) 5 Total Staffing Hrs. Reading .215*
Michigan (Rodney et al., 2003) 7 Total No. Staff Reading .324**
Michigan (Rodney et al., 2003) 7 Total Staffing Hrs. Reading .333**
Pennsylvania (Lance et al., 2000b) 8 Total Staffing Hrs. Reading .252*
Wisconsin (Smith, 2006) 8 Total No. Staff Reading .190**
Wisconsin (Smith, 2006) 8 Total No. Staff Language Arts .211 **
(table continues)

64

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Achterman, Douglas L. Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California, dissertation, December 2008; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9800/m1/78/ocr/: accessed March 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .