Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California Page: 16

an ALA accredited library school; sixteen hours of work in English, science, social science and
physical education; and fifteen semester hours of work in education, including the theory and
practice for elementary and secondary school and "other courses in education organized for the
training of public school teachers" (Los Angeles City School District Librarians, 1933, 59).
Beginning in the late 1930s, ALA published a series called Experimenting Together, with
titles including The Librarian and the Teacher of English (Heller & Labrant, 1938), The
Librarian and the Teacher of Science (Siebens & Bartlett, 1942), The Librarian and the Teacher
of Music (Bowman & Dillon, 1942), The Librarian and the Teacher of Home Economics (Henne
& Pritchard, 1945). Each of these was a reflection on the relationship between classroom
teacher and school librarian, and the role of the school library in the total school program. Each
of these, too, explores librarianship in a way that presages current philosophy about school
library media programs. As an example, The Librarian and the Teacher of English (Heller &
Labrant, 1938) examines access to information, teacher-librarian collaboration, the librarian's
instructional role, leadership, and integration of library skills into the curriculum.
About access to information, for example, Heller and Labrant (1938) say, "When a
school library has a large supply of books for its users and as good a collection as any available
to them, these books, convenient to use, are the ones which are for the greater part read by the
pupils" (p. 33). The authors describe a free voluntary reading program guided by both English
teacher and librarian and advocate for the superiority of the school library over public libraries in
providing materials to students at the point of need (Heller & Labrant, 1938). To provide the
kind of integrated services the authors propose, the librarian needs to understand the educational
philosophy and curriculum of the school and needs to play a leadership role, continually seeking
professional development and serving on curriculum committees. Beyond that, she needs to be


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Achterman, Douglas L. Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California, dissertation, December 2008; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9800/m1/30/ocr/: accessed February 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .