Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California Page: 196
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formal training. Schools of library and information science must create partnerships with pre-
service programs to accomplish this goal. Practitioners can join this partnership by working with
pre-service teachers to plan model units and with pre-service administrators to develop
educational visions that takes advantage of the school library in facilitating student success.
Recommendations for Further Research
There are several questions that remain to be explored with the data sources used in this
study. CST scores can be disaggregated by ethnicity, and in California, where Hispanic and
African-American students' scores lag behind that of the general population, it would be useful
to know if there is a relationship between achievement in these sub-groups and school library
media programs. Another avenue for exploration available through this data is the relationship
between school library programs and drop-out rates; California recently changed the process for
tracking students, and this new method is said to provide a considerably more reliable drop-out
statistic than was previously possible. This particular issue is one way to use a quantitative
methodology to broaden the investigation of the relationship between school library programs
and the overall success of schools.
Fundamentally, though, this study provides a baseline of data that can be used to pursue
qualitative research about school library programs. This study highlights the disparity in the
strength of relationships between California's school library media programs and test scores
from elementary through high school levels. It is truly a story of the haves, the halves, and the
have-nots. Research is recommended to examine the reasons for this disparity, which may
include investigations into the role of administrative leadership at schools whose school library
programs contribute to higher academic achievement, whether best practice looks the same at all
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Achterman, Douglas L. Haves, Halves, and Have-Nots: School Libraries and Student Achievement in California, dissertation, December 2008; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9800/m1/210/: accessed July 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .